It is a good strategy for a serious candidate to understand the exam before start preparation, and to understand the candidates need to understand the exam syllabus of the exam. Same goes with the one of the most prestigious exam of the country i.e. UPSC IAS Exam 2020. Candidates must note that it is one of the toughest exam to crack as it require knowledge of every field. Here we present the UPSC Syllabus 2020 for UPSC IAS, IPS, IRS & IFS, candidates can check UPSC Syllabus before start preparing for any exam. The UPSC IAS Syllabus is set by the Union Public Service Commission.
This exam comprises of there stages namely Prelims, Mains and Interview. It is must noted that Prelims have two objective type (MCQ) exam, while the Mains is comprehensive which comprises nine subjective papers exam and in Interview tests the candidate intelligence, attentiveness, balance of judgement and human qualities like honesty, integrity and leadership are checked.
UPSC IAS syllabus has been released along with the official notification for the Civil Service Exam on 12th February 2020. The UPSC IAS syllabus can be found at the UPSC official website or check the UPSC Syllabus PDF for both Prelims and Mains exam.
|Stage I||Prelims Examination||Objective Type|
|Stage II||Mains Examination||Descriptive Type|
|Stage III||Personal Interview||Personality Test|
The UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) Prelims exam is the first stage of the examination process. The Prelims exam comprises of two papers namely General Studies and CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test). The prelims exam is only qualifying in nature. UPSC use this stage to weed out the non serious candidates. Candidates need to score atleast 33% and also the cut off as decided by the UPSC. Check UPSC Prelims Syllabus:
Before going to the UPSC Syllabus 2020, candidates must have a look at the exam pattern of the UPSC CSE (Civil Service Examination) exam.
Let's have a look at the UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern:
|UPSC IAS Prelims Exam Pattern|
|Paper||Subjects||Marks||No. of Question||Duration|
|I||General Studies (GS)||200||100||2 hours (9:30 AM to 11:30 AM)|
|II||CSAT||200||80||2 hours (2:30 PM to 4:30 PM)|
1. There is a negative marking of 1/3 marks assigned to the question for the wrong answer marked.
2. In General Studies (Paper I) candidates will be awarded 2 marks for correct answer and 0.66 will be deducted for each wrong answer.
3. In CSAT (Paper II) candidates will be awarded 2.5 marks for each correct answer and 0.833 marks will be deducted for each wrong answer marked by the candidates.
4. There is no negative marking for leaving any questions attempted in both papers.
5. The marks of Prelims exam will not be included in the included in the final result (merit list).
6. The ‘Decision Making’ based questions are generally exempted from negative marks in CSAT.
UPSC provides the brief UPSC syllabus 2020 for the CSE exam. Candidates can check the General Studies (Paper I) syllabus of Prelims examination in the subsequent bullet points.
Let's have a look at the UPSC Prelims Syllabus:
1. Current Affairs (Events) of national and international importance.
2. History of India and Indian National Movement.
3. Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
4. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
5. Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
6. General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change: that do not require subject specialization.
7. General Science
Candidates can check the IAS Prelims CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test) Syllabus in the bullet points given below.
2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills
3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability
4. Decision-making and problem solving
5. General mental ability
6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level).
Only after successfully clearing the cut off marks of the prelims exam, candidates would be allowed to write the Mains exam. It is the scoring and rank deciding stage of the exam process. The Mains exam tests the candidate’s academic knowledge and their ability to present the understanding according to the requirements of the question in a time-bound manner. The Mains exam comprises of nine papers. Candidates can check the UPSC Mains Syllabus and Exam Pattern in the table below.
Before going to the Syllabus, candidates are advised to have a look on the UPSC Mains Exam Pattern
|UPSC IAS Mains Exam Pattern|
|Paper A||Any Indian language||3 Hours||300 (25% For Qualifying)||Qualifying Only|
|Paper B||English Paper||3 Hours||300 (25% for Qualifying)||Qualifying Only|
|Paper I||Essay||3 Hours||250||Scoring|
|Paper II||General Studies I||3 Hours||250||Scoring|
|Paper III||General Studies II||3 Hours||250||Scoring|
|Paper IV||General Studies III||3 Hours||250||Scoring|
|Paper V||General Studies IV||3 Hours||250||Scoring|
|Paper VI||Optional I||3 Hours||250||Scoring|
|Paper VII||Optional II||3 Hours||250||Scoring|
1. There are two qualifying paper in the mains exam, Namely "Paper A" and "Paper B" of 300 marks each.
2. Two Qualifying Papers are "Any Indian Language from Eight Schedule " and "English Language Paper".
3. Candidates need to score 25% in both qualifying papers i.e, 75 marks each.
4. All other seven papers are scoring in nature their marks will be included in the final merit list.
5. Candidates can answer all the scoring subject in English or any of the eight schedule language.
6. Candidates have to select any one subject from the table as their Optional subject for the Paper VI and Paper VII.
|UPSC IAS Mains Optional Subjects List|
|Agriculture||Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science||Anthropology||Botany||Chemistry|
|Civil Engineering||Commerce and Accountancy||Economics||Electrical Engineering||Geography|
|Political Science and International Relations||Public Administration||Psychology||Mechanical Engineering||Mathematics|
|Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi,Nepali,Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu,Urdu and English.|
The structure of language papers i.e., "Paper A" and "Paper B" is explained below. Candidates have to select any one language from the Eight schedule of the Indian Constitution which are given in the table below. The second language paper is fix i.e, English. Candidates have to clear both language. Candidates have to use the correspond script for the language as mentioned in the table below.
|Languages And Script|
|Sindhi||Devanagari or Arabic||Telugu||Telugu|
|Santhali||Devanagari or Olchiki||Dogri||Devanagari|
Note: For Santhali language, question paper will be printed in Devanagari script, but the candidates are free to answer either in Devanagari script or in Olchiki.
UPSC IAS Syllabus Questions asked in both language papers are:
1. Essay – 100 marks
2. Reading comprehension – 60 marks
3. Precis Writing – 60 marks
(a)English to compulsory language (e.g. Hindi) – 20 marks
(b)Compulsory language to English – 20 marks
5. Grammar and basic language usage – 40 marks
Candidates can check the UPSC IAS General Studies Papers Syllabus below. The syllabus tell us what to study and what not to study for the exam. The syllabus of all the four General Studies papers is given below. Each paper hold 250 marks out of 1750. The total marks of General Studies papers is 1000 marks. Candidates must prepare well for these paper as they are hold good marks in the final merit list.
This is the first General Studies papers. This paper is all about the History, Heritage, Geography and Culture of the World and Society. Candidates can check the main points of the General Studies I syllabus below as described by the commission.
Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society:
1. Indian culture covers the salient features of Literature, Art Forms, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
2. Modern Indian history include the significant events, personalities, issues during the middle of the eighteenth century until the present
3. Various stages and important contributors and contributions from different parts of the country in ‘The Freedom Struggle’
4. Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country
5. History of the world includes events, forms and effect on the society from 18th century like world wars, industrial revolution, colonization, redrawal of national boundaries, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc
6. Salient aspects of Diversity of India and Indian Society
7. Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and remedies
8. Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism
9. Distribution of key natural resources across the world including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent; factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world including India
10. Effects of globalization on Indian society
11. Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes
12. Salient features of world’s physical geography.
The Mains General Studies II papers have questions related to the Polity, Governance, Constitution, Social Justice and Interrelations. Candidates can check the syllabus below.
Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations:
1. Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure
2. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein
3. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
4. Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions
5. Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these
6. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies
7. Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity
8. Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act
9. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation
10. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
11. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
12. Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
13. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
14. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures
15. Issues relating to poverty and hunger
16. Role of civil services in a democracy
17. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
18. India and its neighborhood- relations
19. Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate
20. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora
UPSC Mains General Studies III is all about the Science, Technology, Economics, Defense, Disaster Management and Nature. This paper can ask questions from every aspects of life, new development in any sphere of life.
Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management:
1. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
2.Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
4. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
5. Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
6. Economics of animal-rearing.
7. Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
8. Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions
9. Land reforms in India.
10. Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
11. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
12. Investment models.
13. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science and technology;
14. Indigenisation of technology and developing new technology.
15. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
16. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
17. Disaster and disaster management.
18. Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
19. Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
20. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
21. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
22. Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude: This paper includes questions to check the candidate attitude and approach towards the issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and their problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by them while dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects and covers area
1. Ethics and Human Interface- Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships
2. Human Values- lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values
3. Attitude- content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion
4. Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections
5. Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance
6. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world
7. Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration- Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance
8. Probity in Governance- Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information; sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption
9. Case Studies on above issues.
Candidates can check the syllabus of the Optional Paper in the official PDF, the link of which is given below.
Candidates who qualify the UPSC Exam Mains Exam are called for the ‘Interview’ Test. Candidates are interviewed by a Board appointed by the UPSC.
1.The candidate will be interviewed by a board who will have before them a record of his/her career and interests filled by him/her in the Detailed Application Form (DAF).
2. The objective of the interview is to check the personal suitability of the candidate for the career in the civil services by a board of competent and unbiased observers.
3.In the personality test, apart from their academic study, candidates must be aware of the affairs happening both within and outside their state or country.
4. The interview is more of purposive conversation intended to explore the mental qualities and analytical ability of the candidate.
5. The Interview test will be of 275 marks and the total marks for written examination is 1750. This sums up to a Grand Total of 2025 Marks based on which the final merit list will be prepared.
UPSC CSE offer the most lucrative job salary, perks and emoluments in the country. No other jobs in India offer such kind of salary in the country. Candidates can check the salary perks and emoluments by clicking on the link given below.
1. Is the Prelims and UPSC Mains Syllabus different?
Candidates must note that every stage have different syllabus, check the UPSC IAS Syllabus here.
2. Is an attempt at the Civil Service (Prelims) Examination (CSP) counted as an attempt at the Civil Service Examination (CSE) ?
An attempt at any paper in the Prelims Examination is counted as an attempt in the UPSC Civil Service Examination
3. What is the scheme of Civil Services (Prelims) Examination?
The Examination shall comprise of two compulsory papers of 200 marks each.
4. Can a candidate choose an optional subject, which he has not studied at graduate/ post graduate level?
Yes, Candidates can select any langugage from the given list. Candidates can check the list in the article.
5. Which is the language / medium of question papers?
The question papers (other than the literature of language papers) are set in bilingual i.e. Hindi and English only.