Simple Past Tense: The Simple Past tense refers to the action or event that has already occurred or has taken place in the past. It refers to the activity that has already happened. it can also be defined as the form of the verb which expresses the action or state of action that happened in the past. Simple Past tense is formed by the addition of ‘-d’ or ‘-ed’ to the end of the base verb. Simple Past Tense is also called Past Indefinite tense.

Definition of Simple Past(Indefinite) Tense 

According to the Cambridge Dictionary ‘Simple Past Tense’ is defined as “the form of a verb tense that is used to describe an action that happened in the past and is no longer happening. It is usually made by adding -ed.”  

The Collins Dictionary defines Simple Past Tense, as “ The tense referring to past action”.

According to Macmillan Dictionary Simple Past Tense is defined as “the tense used to talk about habitual actions, behavior, events or situations that happened or existed in past".

Structure of Simple Past(Indefinite) Tense

The structure of the Simple Past Tense can be fundamentally understood by analyzing its three different forms, affirmative or positive, negative, and interrogative sentence. Have a look over the structure in the following table.

Structure of Simple/Indefinite Past Tense
TypeFormula & RuleExamples
Simple Past TenseSubject + Verb + ed/verb in the past tense + the rest of the sentenceNeetu went to the supermarket yesterday.

Examples of Simple Past(Indefinite) Tense

  • Nupur went to the supermarket yesterday.(नूपुर कल सुपरमार्केट गई थी।)
  • Satya cooked a tasty dinner yesterday. (सत्या ने कल स्वादिष्ट रात का खाना बनाया।)
  • My sister saw a movie yesterday. (मेरी बहन ने कल एक फिल्म देखी।)
  • Last month I traveled to France. (पिछले महीने मैंने फ्रांस की यात्रा की)
  • I had washed the dishes. (मैंने बर्तन धोए थे।)
  • My sister bought a dress for me. (मेरी बहन ने मेरे लिए एक ड्रेस खरीदी।)

Tense Chart of Simple Past(Indefinite) Tense In Hindi

Tenses are used to indicate the time and action. Simple/Indefinite Past tense is used to indicate the action or events which has occurred in the past. Below is the table showing the structure of simple past tense in Hindi. 

 Past
Simple/ Indefinite

आ, ई, ये, ‘या था’, ‘ता था’ , ती, थे, ते थे 

 Subject+ Verb(V2)+ Object

Structure of Sentences in Simple Past(Indefinite) Tense

Simple/Indefinite Past Tense is the verb tense that is used to state the action or events which has occurred in the past. Simple Past Tense sentences can be in three forms, is, Positive or Affirmative, Negative, and Interrogative sentences. Below is the structure of all three forms and examples to make you understand better.

Structure of Sentences in Simple Past Tense
Affirmative/Positive Sentence
Subject+ Verb(2nd form)+rest of the sentence

Examples of Affirmative/Positive Sentences:

  • Kat worked in that office for almost four years. (कैट ने उस ऑफिस में करीब चार साल तक काम किया।)
  • He passed the test. (उन्होंने परीक्षा उत्तीर्ण की।)
  • We went to the movie yesterday. (हम कल फिल्म देखने गए थे।)
  • I studied at an American university. (मैंने एक अमेरिकी विश्वविद्यालय में अध्ययन किया।)
Structure of Sentences in Simple Past Tense
Negative Sentence
Subject+ did not+ Verb(1st form)+ rest of the sentence

Examples of Negative Sentences:

  • I did not work last night. (मैंने कल रात काम नहीं किया।)
  • I did not eat the entire piece of cake. (मैंने केक का पूरा टुकड़ा नहीं खाया।)
  • Shruti did not like to play badminton every morning. (श्रुति को हर सुबह बैडमिंटन खेलना पसंद नहीं था।)
  • The lady did not thank her. (महिला ने उसे धन्यवाद नहीं दिया।)
Structure of Sentences in Simple Past Tense
Interrogative Sentence
Did + Subject+ Verb(1st form)+ rest of the sentence?

Examples of Interrogative Sentences: 

  • Did I work last night? (क्या मैंने कल रात काम किया था?)
  • Did I eat the entire piece of cake? (क्या मैंने केक का पूरा टुकड़ा खा लिया?)
  • Did Shristi like to play badminton every morning? (क्या सृष्टि को रोज सुबह बैडमिंटन खेलना पसंद था?)
  • Did the lady thank her? (क्या महिला ने उसे धन्यवाद दिया?)

Uses of Simple Past(Indefinite) Tense

Some of the uses of Simple Past Tense are-

  1. The Simple Past is used to indicate an action completed in the past. It often occurs with the adverbs or adverb phrases of past time.
  2. Sometimes this tense is used without an adverb of time. in such cases, the time may be either implies or indicated by the context.
  3. The Simple Past is also used for past action.

Examples of Uses of Simple Past(Indefinite)Tense

1. The Simple Past is used to indicate an action completed in the past. It often occurs with the adverbs or adverb phrases of past time.

  • The steamer sailed yesterday. (कल स्टीमर रवाना हु।)
  • I received his letter a  week ago. (एक हफ्ते पहले मुझे उनका पत्र मिला था।)
  • She left school last year. (उसने पिछले साल स्कूल छोड़ दिया था।)

2. Sometimes this tense is used without an adverb of time. In such cases, the time may be either implies or indicated by the context.

  • I learnt Hindi in Nagpur. (मैंने नागपुर में हिंदी सीखी।)
  • I didn't sleep well. (मुझे ठीक से नींद नहीं आ।)
  • Babar defeated Rana Sanga at Kanwaha. (बाबर ने कांवाहा में राणा सांगा को हराया।)

3. The Simple Past is also used for past action. 

  • He studied for many hours every day. (वह रोजाना कई घंटे पढ़ाई करता था।)
  • She always carried an umbrella. (वह हमेशा छाता लेकर चलती थी।)
  •  

Exercise1:  

Translate Simple Past(Indefinite)Tense sentences from English to Hindi-
Exercise:Answer
She left the school in 2015.उसने 2015 में स्कूल छोड़ दिया था।
He bought a new house last week.उन्होंने पिछले हफ्ते एक नया घर खरीदा था।
Did she clean her cupboard?क्या उसने अपनी अलमारी साफ की?
I read an interesting book last week.मैंने पिछले हफ्ते एक दिलचस्प किताब पढ़ी।
We did a lot of shopping at the mart.हमने मार्ट में खूब खरीदारी की।
He cut his finger and went to the city hospital.उसने अपनी उंगली काट दी और शहर के अस्पताल में गया।
She finished her work at seven o’clock.उसने सात बजे अपना काम खत्म किया।
The rain stopped an hour before.एक घंटे पहले बारिश थम गई।
It discovered a new site.इसने एक नई साइट की खोज की।
We watched a series last weekend.हमने पिछले सप्ताहांत में एक श्रृंखला देखी।

Exercise2:  

Translate Simple Past(Indefinite)Tense sentences from Hindi to English -
Exercise: Answer
मैं कल रात जल्दी सो गया था।I went to bed early last night.
कल रात गार्गी बहुत देर से घर आई।Gargi came home very late last night.
मैं अपनी किताब टेबल पर भूल गया।I forgot my book on the table.
पिछले साल उनके पास एक पालतू जानवर था।He had a pet last year.
पिछले साल मैंने दुबई की यात्रा की थी।Last year I traveled to Dubai.
दो लड़कियां गेंद से खेलती हैं।Two girls played with a ball.
एक बूढ़ा आदमी उसकी बिल्ली के साथ चला गया।An old man walked with her cat.
एक नर्स एक छोटे बच्चे को पार्क में ले आई।A nurse brought a little baby boy to the park.
एक बूढ़ा आदमी बैठ गया और अपना उपन्यास पढ़ने लगा।An old man sat down and read his novel.
कोने के आसपास एक बड़ा स्टॉक आया।A large stock came around the corner.
Related links
Tense ChartPresent Perfect Tense
Present TensePresent Continuous Tense
Simple Present TensePresent Perfect Continuous Tense
Simple Past Tense- FAQs

Ans. The past tense refers to the action or event that has already occurred or has taken place in the past. It refers to the activity that has already happened. it can also be defined as the form of the verb which expresses the action or state of action happened in the past. Simple Past Tense is also called as Past Indefinite tense.

Ans. The rule of Simple Past Tense is Subject + Verb + ed / verb in the past tense + the rest of the sentence.

Ans. Some of the examples are- Nupur went to the supermarket yesterday, Satya cooked a tasty dinner yesterday, My sister saw a movie yesterday, Last month I travelled to France, I washed the dishes, My sister bought a dress for me.

Ans. Some of the uses of Simple Past Tense are- The Simple Past is used to indicate an action completed in the past, It often occurs with the adverbs or adverb phrases of past time. Sometimes this tense is used without an adverb of time. in such cases the time may be either implies or indicated by the context, The Simple Past is also used for past action.

Ans. The structure of negative sentence in Simple Past tense is: Subject+ did not+ Verb(1st form)+ rest of the sentence

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