Simple Past Tense: The Simple Past tense refers to the action or event that has already occurred or has taken place in the past. It refers to the activity that has already happened. it can also be defined as the form of the verb which expresses the action or state of action happened in the past. Simple Past Tense is also called as Past Indefinite tense.

Definition of Simple Past Tense 

According to the Cambridge Dictionary ‘Simple Past Tense’ is defined as “the form of a verb tense that is used to describe an action that happened in the past and is no longer happening. It is usually made by adding -ed.”  

The Collins Dictionary defines Simple Past Tense, as “ The tense referring to past action”.

According to Macmillan Dictionary Simple Past Tense is defined as “the tense used to talk about habitual actions, behavior, events or situations that happened or existed in past".

Structure of Simple Past Tense

Structure of Simple/Indefinite Past Tense
TypeFormula & RuleExamples
Simple Past TenseSubject + Verb + ed / verb in the past tense + the rest of the sentenceNeetu went to the supermarket yesterday.

Examples of Simple Past Tense

  • Nupur went to the supermarket yesterday.
  • Satya cooked a tasty dinner yesterday.
  • My sister saw a movie yesterday.
  • Last month I travelled to France.
  • I washed the dishes.
  • My sister bought a dress for me.

Tense Chart of Simple Past Tense In Hindi

Tense are use to indicate the time and action. Simple/Indefinite Past tense is used to indicate the action or events which has occurred in the past. Below is the table showing the structure simple past tense in Hindi. 

 Past
Simple/ Indefinite

आ, ई, ये, ‘या था’, ‘ता था’ , ती, थे, ते थे 

 Subject+ Verb(V2)+ Object

Structure of Sentences in Simple Past Tense

Simple/Indefinite Past Tense is the verb tense that is used state the action or events which has occurred in the past. Simple Past Tense sentences can be in three forms, that is, Positive or Affirmative, Negative, Interrogative sentences. Below is the structure of all three forms and examples to make you understand better.

Structure of Sentences in Simple Past Tense
Affirmative/Positive SentenceNegative SentencePositive Sentence
Subject+ Verb(2nd form)+rest of the sentenceSubject+ did not+ Verb(1st form)+ rest of the sentenceDid + Subject+ Verb(1st form)+ rest of the sentence?

Examples-

  • Kat worked in that office for almost four years.
  • He passed the test.
  • We went for the movie yesterday.
  • I studied at the American university.

 

Examples-

  • I did not work last night.
  • I did not eat the entire piece of cake.
  • Shruti did not like to play badminton every morning.
  • The lady did not thank her.

 

Examples-

  • Did I work last night?
  • Did I eat the entire piece of cake?
  • Did Shristi like to play badminton every morning?
  • Did the lady thank her?
     

Uses of Simple Past Tense

Some of the uses of Simple Past Tense are-

  1. The Simple Past is used to indicate an action completed in the past. It often occurs with the adverbs or adverb phrases of past time.
  2. Sometimes this tense is used without an adverb of time. in such cases the time may be either implies or indicated by the context.
  3. The Simple Past is also used for past action.

Examples of Uses of Simple Past Tense

1. The Simple Past is used to indicate an action completed in the past. It often occurs with the adverbs or adverb phrases of past time.

  • The steamer sailed yesterday.
  • I received his letter a  week ago.
  • She left school last year.

2. Sometimes this tense is used without an adverb of time. In such cases the time may be either implies or indicated by the context.

  • I learnt Hindi in Nagpur.
  • I didn't sleep well.
  • Babar defeated Rana Sanga at Kanwaha.

3. The Simple Past is also used for past action. 

  • He studied many hours everyday.
  • She always carried an umbrella.
Related links
Tense ChartPresent Perfect Tense
Present TensePresent Continuous Tense
Simple Present TensePresent Perfect Continuous Tense

 

Simple Past Tense- FAQs

Ans. The past tense refers to the action or event that has already occurred or has taken place in the past. It refers to the activity that has already happened. it can also be defined as the form of the verb which expresses the action or state of action happened in the past. Simple Past Tense is also called as Past Indefinite tense.

Ans. The rule of Simple Past Tense is Subject + Verb + ed / verb in the past tense + the rest of the sentence.

Ans. Some of the examples are- Nupur went to the supermarket yesterday, Satya cooked a tasty dinner yesterday, My sister saw a movie yesterday, Last month I travelled to France, I washed the dishes, My sister bought a dress for me.

Ans. Some of the uses of Simple Past Tense are- The Simple Past is used to indicate an action completed in the past, It often occurs with the adverbs or adverb phrases of past time. Sometimes this tense is used without an adverb of time. in such cases the time may be either implies or indicated by the context, The Simple Past is also used for past action.

Ans. The structure of negative sentence in Simple Past tense is: Subject+ did not+ Verb(1st form)+ rest of the sentence

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