Present Continuous Tense: The Present Continuous Tense indicates that an action or condition is happening now and will continue to current times. The present continuous (also called present progressive) is a verb tense that is used to show an ongoing action that is happening now, either at the moment of the action. The present continuous can also be used to show that an action is going to take place in the near future. So, in this article, we will discuss the Present continuous tense, its structure, its rule, uses & examples in detail.

Present Continuous Tense

According to the Cambridge Dictionary defines the Present Continuous Tense is “the verb form that is used for actions or events that are happening in the current time”.

According to Collins Dictionary, the Present Continuous Tense is defined as “a verb form that consists of helping verb in the present tense then it is followed by a present participle and used especially to indicate that a present action or event is in progress, being repeated, or of a temporary nature or to express the future.”

Structure of Present Continuous Tense 

The structure of the Present Continuous Tense can be fundamentally understood by analyzing its three different forms, affirmative or positive, negative, and interrogative sentence. Have a look over the structure in the following table.

                                                                            Structure of Present Continuous Tense 
Type Formula & RuleExamples
Present Continuous TenseSubject + Helping Verb(am/is/are) + Main verb + ing + the rest of the sentenceStudents are going to school.

Present Continuous Tense Examples 

  • Students are going to school. (छात्र स्कूल जा रहे हैं।)
  • The girls are playing in the park. (लड़कियां पार्क में खेल रही हैं।)
  • Rupali is crying out loud. (रूपाली जोर-जोर से रो रही है।)
  • It is raining now. (अब बारिश हो रही है।)
  • I am cooking biryani for the lunch.(मैं दोपहर के भोजन के लिए बिरयानी बना रही हूँ।)
  • Miss Angela is teaching the class. (मिस एंजेला कक्षा को पढ़ा रही है।)

Structure of Sentences in Present Continuous Tense

Present Continuous Tense sentences can be in three forms, that is, Positive or Affirmative, Negative, and Interrogative sentences. Below is the structure of all three forms and examples to make you understand better.

Affirmative/Positive Sentence Structure:

Structure of Affirmative/Positive Sentence 
Subject + am/is/are + present participle (verb+ing) + the rest of the sentence

Examples of Affirmative/Positive Sentence Structure:

  • He is writing a letter.(वह एक पत्र लिख रही है।)
  • I am eating an apple.(मैं एक सेब खा रहा हूँ।)
  • They are sleeping. (वे सो रहे हैं।)

Negative Sentence Structure:

Structure of Negative Sentence 
Subject + am/is/are + not + present participle (verb+ing) + the rest of the sentence

Examples of Negative Sentence Structure:

  • I am not teaching. (मैं पढ़ा नहीं रहा हूँ।)
  • You are not listening. ( आप सुन नहीं रहे हैं।)
  • They are not enjoying the picnic. (वे पिकनिक का आनंद नहीं ले रहे हैं।)

Interrogative Sentence Structure:

Structure of Interrogative Sentence
Am/is/are + subject + present participle (verb+ing) + the rest of the sentence

Examples of Interrogative SentencesStructure:

  • Am I teaching? (क्या मैं पढ़ा रहा हूँ?)
  • Are you listening to my story? (क्या तुम मेरी कहानी सुन रहे हो?)
  • Are they enjoying the picnic? (क्या वे पिकनिक का आनंद ले रहे हैं?)

Uses of Present Continuous Tense

Some of the uses of the Present Continuous Tense are-

1.For an action going on at the time of speaking.
2.For a temporary action that may not be actually happening at the time of speaking. 
3.For an action that has already been arranged to take place in the near future.

Examples of Use of Present Continuous Tense

1. For an action going on at the time of speaking.

  •  She is singing.(वह गा रही है।)
  • The boys are playing hockey. (लड़के हॉकी खेल रहे हैं।)

2. For a temporary action that may not be actually happening at the time of speaking.

  • I am reading ‘David Copperfield’ (but I am not reading at this moment).(मैं 'डेविड कॉपरफील्ड' पढ़ रहा हूँ)

3. For an action that has already been arranged to take place in the near future.

  • I am going to the cinema tonight. (मैं आज रात सिनेमा जा रहा हूं।)
  •  My uncle is arriving tomorrow. ( मेरे चाचा कल आ रहे हैं।)

How to Use Present Continuous Tense?

The point to remember is that the Present Continuous Tense starts with the subject followed by helping verbs or auxiliary verbs which consist of is/am/are then it is followed by the main verbs(which consist of the present participle, i.e. -ing) and finally, it ends with an object. The structure of the present continuous tense is given in the table below-

Subject  +

Auxiliary Verb

(is/am/are)

  +

The main Verb is in the Present Participle

(-ing)

  +Object

Exercise 1: 

Translate Present Continuous Tense sentences from English to Hindi-
ExerciseAnswer
He is crying.वह रो रहा है।
She is talking to his friend.वह अपने दोस्त से बात कर रही है।
The cute baby is sleeping in his crib.प्यारा बच्चा अपने पालने में सो रहा है।
We are visiting the school in the afternoon.हम दोपहर में स्कूल जा रहे हैं।
Akbar is sitting in a chair.अकबर एक कुर्सी पर बैठा है।
You are not watching the series.आप श्रृंखला नहीं देख रहे हैं।
Rose is reading a novel.गुलाब एक उपन्यास पढ़ रहा है।
She is not going to the party tonight.वह आज रात पार्टी में नहीं जा रही है।
He is meeting his friends after a long time.वह लंबे समय के बाद अपने दोस्तों से मिल रहे हैं।
Are you visiting your cousin's sister this weekend?क्या आप इस सप्ताह के अंत में अपने चचेरे भाई की बहन से मिलने जा रहे हैं?

Exercise 2:

Translate Present Continuous Tense sentences from English to Hindi-
ExerciseAnswers
वे मजदूर ठेले को धक्का दे रहे हैं।Those laborers are pushing the cart.
वह बॉस महिला की चापलूसी कर रहा है।He is flattering the boss lady.
वह गेहूं का आटा गूंथ रही है।She is kneading the wheat flour.
वह मालदीव में छुट्टियां बिता रहे हैं।He is spending the holidays in the Maldives.
मैं इसी महीने गणित की परीक्षा दे रहा हूं।I am taking the Maths examination this month.
जॉनी शिक्षा पर एक निबंध लिख रहे हैं।Johny is writing an essay on education.
जॉन पीटर जॉगिंग ट्रैक पर दौड़ रहे हैं।John Peter is running on the jogging track.
वह अपना पसंदीदा उपन्यास पढ़ रहा है।He is reading his favourite novel.
पुलिस मामले में निवेश कर रही है।The police are investing in the case.
वे अभी क्रिकेट खेल रहे हैंThey are playing cricket right now.
Related Links-
Tense ChartPresent Tense
Simple Present TensePresent Perfect Tense
Present Continuous Tense- FAQs

Ans. According to the Cambridge Dictionary defines the Present Continuous Tense is “the verb form that is used for actions or events that are happening in the current time”. According to Collins Dictionary, the Present Continuous Tense is defined as “a verb form that consists of helping verb in the present tense then it is followed by a present participle and used especially to indicate that a present action or event is in progress, being repeated, or of a temporary nature or to express the future.”

Ans. Some of the examples of Present Continuous tense are- Students are going to school, The girls are playing in the park, Rupali is crying out loud, It is raining now, I am cooking biryani for the lunch, Miss Angela is teaching in the class.

Ans. The rule of Present Continuous tense is, Subject + Helping Verb(am/is/are) + Main verb + ing + the rest of the sentence

Ans. Some of the uses of the Present Continuous Tense are- For an action going on at the time of speaking, For a temporary action that may not be actually happening at the time of speaking, For an action that has already been arranged to take place in the near future.

Ans. The point to remember is that the Present Continuous Tense starts with the subject followed by helping verbs or auxiliary verb which consist of is/am/are then it is followed by the main verbs(which consist of the present participle, i.e. -ing) and finally it ends with an object.

Important Links