Present Perfect Tense: In English Grammar, the Present Perfect Tense is used to state action which began in past and continues in the present. It is recognized by the helping verbs have and has. In English, Present Perfect Tense is considered a most complicated topic. So, to make you understand better we have discussed the Present Perfect Tense in a simplified way below.
Present Perfect Tense
According to the Oxford Learner’s Dictionary, the present perfect tense is “the form of a verb that expresses an action done which started in past and continues to the present, formed ‘have/has’ and the ‘past participle of the verb”.
In the Cambridge Dictionary, the present perfect tense is defined as “the form of the verb used for actions or events that have been completed or have happened in a period of time up to now.”
Tense Chart of Present Perfect Tense
|Tense chart of Present Perfect Tense|
|Type||Formula & rule||Examples|
|Present Perfect Tense||Subject + Helping Verb (have/has) + Past participle of the main verb + the rest of the sentence along with the time frame||She has lived here all her life.|
Examples of Present Perfect Tense
Some of the examples of Present Perfect Tense are:
- She has lived here all her life.
- They have written three letters already.
- I have worked here since I graduated from school.
- He has finished his homework.
- We have been to Canada.
- She has forgotten her folder.
How To Use The Present Perfect Tense?
Some of the uses of Present Perfect Tense are:
|1.||To indicate completed activities in the immediate past.|
|2.||To express past actions whose time is not given and not definite.|
|3.||To describe past events when we think more of their effect in the present than of the action itself.|
|4.||To denote an action beginning at some time in the past and continuing up to the present moment.|
Examples of Uses of Present Perfect Tense
1. To indicate completed activities in the immediate past:
- He has just gone out.
- It has just struck ten.
2. To Express past actions whose time is not given and not definite:
- Have you read Gulliver’s Travels?
- I have never known him to be angry.
- Mr. Hari has been to Japan.
3. To describe past events when we think more of their effect on the present than of the action itself:
- Gopi has eaten all the biscuits.
- I have cut my finger.
- I have finished my work.
4. To denote an action beginning at some time in the past and continuing up to the present moment.
- I have known him for a long time.
- He has been ill since last week.
- We have lived here for ten years.
- We haven’t seen the Padma for several months.