Present Perfect Continuous Tense: The Present Perfect Continuous Tense is a verb form that began in the past and continues in the present. This tense is also called Present Perfect Progressive Tense. The structure of the present perfect continuous tense is formed, Subject + have/has + been + present participle (verb + ing) + the rest of the sentence. This verb tense is used to indicate an action that started in the recent past and is still continuing in the present. The present perfect continuous tense is typically used for the following two general cases: Starting in the past and occurring until now with an adverb modifier that indicates the approximate duration and action arising until lately’ or recently’ with some relevant effect continuing into the present.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

When the verb defines or denotes the action which shows that something started in the past and is continuing at the present time, then such verb is used as Present Perfect Continuous Tense.

Structure of Present Perfect Continuous Tense

The structure of the Present  Perfect Continuous Tense can be fundamentally understood by analyzing its three different forms, affirmative or positive, negative, and interrogative sentence. Have a look over the structure in the following table.

Structure of Present Perfect Continuous Tense
TypeFormula & RulesExamples
Present Perfect Continuous TenseSubject + have/has + been + present participle (verb + ing) + the rest of the sentenceI have been working on this project for a week.

Examples of Present Perfect Continuous Tense

  • I have been working on this project for a week. (मैं इस प्रोजेक्ट पर एक हफ्ते से काम कर रहा हूं।)
  • You have been working on this project for a week.(आप इस प्रोजेक्ट पर एक हफ्ते से काम कर रहे हैं।)
  • He has been working on this project for a week. (वह एक हफ्ते से इस प्रोजेक्ट पर काम कर रहे हैं।)
  • She has been working on this project for a week. (वह एक हफ्ते से इस प्रोजेक्ट पर काम कर रही हैं।)
  • They have been working on this project for a week. (वे इस प्रोजेक्ट पर एक हफ्ते से काम कर रहे हैं।)

Structure of Sentences in Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present Perfect Continuous Tense sentences can be in three forms, that is, Positive or Affirmative, Negative, and Interrogative sentences. Below is the structure of all three forms and examples to make you understand better.

Affirmative/Positive Sentence Structure:

Structure of Affirmative/Positive Sentence
Subject + have/has + been + present participle + the rest of the sentence

Examples of Affirmative/Positive Sentence Structure:

  • I have been eating apples today. (मैं आज सेब खा रहा हूँ।)
  • You have not been studying for the past month.(आप पिछले एक महीने से नहीं पढ़ रहे हैं।)
  • We haven't been playing with mary since Tuesday. (हम मंगलवार से मैरी के साथ नहीं खेल रहे हैं।)

Negative Sentence Structure:

Structure of Negative Sentence 
Subject + have/has + not + been + present participle + the rest of the sentence

Examples of Negative Sentence Structure:

  • I have not been studying for three hours. (मैं तीन घंटे से नहीं पढ़ रहा हूँ।)
  • I have not been watching TV since 7 pm. (मैं शाम 7 बजे से टीवी नहीं देख रहा हूँ।)
  • Tara hasn't been feeling well for two weeks.(तारा की दो सप्ताह से तबीयत ठीक नहीं चल रही है।)

Interrogative Sentence Structure:

Structure of interrogative Sentence
Have/has + subject + been + present participle + the rest of the sentence

Examples of Interrogative Sentences Structure:

  • Have I been studying for three hours? (क्या मैं तीन घंटे से पढ़ रहा हूँ?)
  • Have I been watching TV since 7 pm? (क्या मैं शाम 7 बजे से टीवी देख रहा हूँ?)
  • Has Tara been feeling well for two weeks? (क्या तारा दो सप्ताह से अच्छा महसूस कर रही है?)
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Use of Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Some of the uses of Present Perfect Continuous Tense are-

  1. The Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used for an action that began at some time in the past and is still continuing.
  2. This tense is also sometimes used for an action already finished. In such cases, the continuity of the activity is emphasized as an explanation of something.

Examples of Use Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present Perfect Continuous Tense is the verb tense that is used to indicate an action that started in the recent past and is still continuing in the present. Some examples of the Present Perfect Continuous Tense are- 

 1. The Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used for an action that began at some time in the past and is still continuing,

  • He has been sleeping for five hours. (and is still sleeping),(वह पांच घंटे से सो रहा है। (और अभी भी सो रहा है))
  • They have been building the bridge for several months.(वे कई महीनों से पुल का निर्माण कर रहे हैं।)
  • They have been playing since four o’clock. (वे चार बजे से खेल रहे हैं।)

2. This tense is also sometimes used for an action already finished. In such cases, the continuity of the activity is emphasized as an explanation of something.

  • ‘Why are your clothes so wet?’- I have been watering the garden.('तुम्हारे कपड़े इतने गीले क्यों हैं?' - मैं बगीचे में पानी भर रहा हूँ।)
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Exercise 1:  

Translate Present Perfect Continuous Tense sentences from English to Hindi-
ExerciseAnswers
I have been studying for six hours.मैं छह घंटे से पढ़ रहा हूं।
I have been watching TV since 4 pm.मैं शाम 4 बजे से टीवी देख रहा हूं।
Tanika hasn't been feeling well for two weeks.तनिका की दो सप्ताह से तबीयत ठीक नहीं चल रही है।
Neha hasn't been visiting us since March.नेहा मार्च से हमसे मिलने नहीं आ रही है।
He has been playing basketball for a long time.वह लंबे समय से बास्केटबॉल खेल रहे हैं।
He has been living in Thailand since he left school.स्कूल छोड़ने के बाद से वह थाईलैंड में रह रहा है।
I have been writing journals on different topics since morning.मैं सुबह से विभिन्न विषयों पर पत्र-पत्रिकाएँ लिख रहा हूँ।
He has been reading the novel for two hours.वह दो घंटे से उपन्यास पढ़ रहा है।
They have been playing kabaddi for an hour.वे एक घंटे से कबड्डी खेल रहे हैं।
She has been finding the frock since morning.वह सुबह से फ्रॉक ढूंढ रही है।

Exercise 2:

Translate Present Continuous Perfect Tense sentences from Hindi to English-
ExerciseAnswers
मैं तरह-तरह के मधुर गीत गाता रहा हूं, खासकर आधुनिक गाने।I have been singing different kinds of melodious songs, especially modern ones.
मैं एक घंटे से यथार्थवादी गाने सुन रहा हूं।I have been listening to realistic songs for an hour.
वह एक महीने से दुनिया भर में घूम रही है।She has been travelling around the world for a month.
वे उस मैदान पर पांच घंटे से फुटबॉल खेल रहे हैं।They have been playing football on that field for five hours.
कवि कई घंटों से रोमांटिक गीत लिख रहा है।The poet has been writing romantic songs for several hours.
गीतकार अपने करियर की शुरुआत से ही मधुर गीत लिख रहे हैं।The lyricist has been writing melodious songs since the beginning of his career.
क्या आप कल रात से यथार्थवादी गीत सुन रहे हैं?Have you been listening to realistic songs since last night?
मैं एक घंटे से खो-खो मैच नहीं देख रहा हूं।I have not been watching the kho-kho match for an hour.
क्या आप दो घंटे से प्रोजेक्ट तैयार कर रहे हैं?Have you been preparing the project for two hours?
मैं एक घंटे से प्रोजेक्ट करने में उनकी मदद कर रहा हूंI have been helping him to do the project for an hour.
Related Links-
Simple Present TensePresent Continuous Tense
Present Perfect TenseTense Chart
Present Perfect Continuous Tense- FAQs

Ans. The Present Perfect Continuous Tense is a verb form that began in the past and continues in the present. This tense is also called Present Perfect Progressive Tense

Ans. The structure of the present perfect continuous tense is formed, Subject + have/has + been + present participle (verb + ing) + the rest of the sentence.

Ans. Some of the uses of Present Perfect Continuous Tense are- The Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used for an action that began at some time in the past and is still continuing and this tense is also sometimes used for an action already finished. In such cases, the continuity of the activity is emphasized as an explanation of something.

Ans. The points to be kept in mind when using the present perfect continuous tense is as follows: The present perfect continuous tense uses two helping verbs and a main verb in the present participle form. The helping verbs used are ‘have’ or ‘has’ along with ‘been’. These verbs are followed by the present participle of the main verb, which is formed by adding an ‘ing’ to the base verb. The other point that you should remember is that, like the present perfect tense, the helping verbs ‘have’ and ‘has’ are used in accordance with the pronoun or noun used in the sentence.

Ans. Some of the examples of Present Perfect Continuous Tense- I have been working on this project for a week, You have been working on this project for a week, He has been working on this project for a week, She has been working on this project for a week, They have been working on this project for a week.

Important Links