Noun: A noun is the important & basic part of speech that is to be understood clearly when, to begin with learning English Grammar. The noun could be defined in several ways with several examples. In simple words, Noun is defined as a word referring to the names of persons, places, things, states, or qualities. The noun is a part of speech that can be classified into both singular & plural forms. In English Grammar, the noun has been described in various types and to understand each type of noun in detail you must read the article further.
The examples below would help you to understand the noun with ease. To get a better grasp of these various noun examples, take a look at these example sentences containing some nouns.
|SNo||Noun Example||Noun used in Sentence|
|1||Sameer/Rohan||I don't know why Sameer is so angry with Rohan.|
|2||Doctor||Rahul's father is a doctor.|
|3||Regret||His biggest regret was not travelling more.|
|4||Grasshopper||Rishi caught a grasshopper with his bare hands.|
|5||Book||That's Ramesh's favourite book.|
|6||Africa||Did you know that Africa is much larger than Greenland?|
|7||Delhi University||How many students attend conferences at Delhi University?|
Types of Nouns
There are total 8 types of nouns which are tabulated below:
|1||Proper Noun||India, China, Aman, Meena|
|2||Collective Noun||Team (Team India), Committee, Squad, Family|
|3||Common Noun||Girl, boy, men, women, lawyer|
|4||Material Noun||Gold, Aluminium, Iron, Plastic|
|5||Concrete Noun||Table, Television, Laptop|
|6||Abstract Noun||Friendship, Love, Freedom|
|7||Countable Noun||One man, two books|
|8||Uncountable Noun||Work, knowledge|
Types & Examples of Noun
In English Grammar, there have been 8 types of Noun, which have been explained with examples in the below section.
1) Proper Noun- The particular name of the place or a person is known as the proper noun. Ex. India, China, Aman, Meena etc.
Has Anand done his homework?
2) Collective Noun - A name or noun used for a group of people, things or a group of animals is called a collective noun. Collective nouns are also called a group of nouns. Ex. Team (Team India), Committee, Squad, Family.
Groups of people going for industrial visits.
3) Common Noun - The common name given to every person, place, thing or activity belonging to the same kind is known as the common noun. A common noun is not a name of a particular person, place, activity or idea. Ex. girl, boy, men, women, lawyer, Engineer etc.
The boy helped his grandmother to cross the road.
4) Material nouns - The names used to mention materials or substances which are made up of an alloy are known as Material nouns. Ex. Gold, Aluminium, Iron, Plastic etc.
She bought Gold jewellery.
5) Concrete Nouns - The names used for the materials or the things which have physical existence or that materials are tangible in nature are known as Concrete nouns. Ex. Table, Television, Laptop, Mobile phones.
There are many new Mobile phones launched last month.
6) Abstract Nouns - The names which are used for an idea, quality, concept or condition are known as Abstract nouns. Abstract nouns are not physical substances, they don't have physical existence. Ex. Friendship, Love, Freedom, Excellence, Patience etc.
The freedom struggle of India is known to the world.
7) Countable Nouns - Count nouns are an idea that can form a plural and occur in a noun phrase with a numeral or an indefinite article. Common nouns and concrete nouns can be countable nouns. Ex. One man, two books, Four students etc.
Five students in our school qualify for nation games.
8) Uncountable Nouns - The nouns that cannot be counted are known as uncountable nouns. These nouns are also called Mass nouns. All abstract nouns are uncountable nouns but not all uncountable nouns are abstract. Ex. Work, knowledge, Water, sugar, Advice etc.
- There's some money in his wallet.
- Lawyer gives advice to his client.
Noun & its Classification
There are another two classifications of nouns which are, Singular Noun and Plural Noun.
1) Singular noun - When there is one thing or one person denoted in the phrase then it is called a singular noun.
Ex. Girl, Book, Dog, Table etc.
Boy in our class topped in the Board exam.
2) Plural noun - When a noun in a phrase denotes more than one person or substance or things then it is called a plural noun.
Ex. Mobiles, Boys, Tables, Engineers etc.
Nowadays there are so many Engineers who are unemployed.
Cases in Noun
Nouns are classified on the basis of cases which are given below, these cases tell us the exact position of nouns in the sentence.
There are a total of 5 cases of nouns in the English language.
1) Objective case - When the noun in the sentence is the direct object of the preposition or the verb then the noun is in the objective case.
Ex. The doctor is taking care of his clients.
2) Nominative case - In the sentence if the noun is the subject of the verb then it is said to be a nominative case.
Ex. Umesh is a bright and intelligent student.
3) Possessive case - When a noun in a sentence denotes possession or ownership then it is a possessive case.
Ex. You are sitting in Manish’s chair.
4) Dative case - When a noun in a sentence is in the indirect object of a verb then the noun in the sentence is in the dative case.
Ex. Thank you for sending me good messages.
5) Vocative Case - When a noun in a sentence is used to get attention then the noun in the sentence is in the vocative case.
Ex. Ajay, are you coming for a function?
Rules of Nouns
There are a total of 10 rules of nouns.
1) Rule 1 - The meaning of some nouns is singular but they are used as plural nouns and they are also taken as plural verbs always. For example People, government, audience, men, women.
Ex. The police are doing a good job.
2) Rule 2 - Some nouns are always used in plural form in sentences or phrases and they always take plural verbs. For example Trousers, Buses, Taxes etc.
Ex. He buys a pair of spectacles from the shop, are they classy?
3) Rule 3 - Some nouns in the sentence always indicate the number, weight, length, money etc. When any definite number preceded these nouns then they remained unchanged.
Ex. He bought 5 dozen apples from the shop.
Ajay’s office is % kilometres from my home.
4) Rule 4 - Some nouns that always take singular verbs such as ethics, advice, maths, information, furniture etc
Ex. The Scenery of Himachal is enchanting.
She has given advice.
5) Rule 5 - Collective nouns are always used in both plural and singular forms. For example jury, public, government, committee, orchestra etc.
Ex. The team has not played today's match.
My family members are going on a one day trip.
6) Rule 6 - Material nouns do not take any articles like a, an or the before them.
Ex. i) My sister likes silver, not gold. (Incorrect sentence)
My sister likes silver, not gold. (correct)
7) Rule 7 - Some nouns give different meanings when they are used as plural nouns and another meaning when they are used as singular nouns. For example Work = job work & Work = Compositions.
Ex. i) He has eaten one-quarter of the pizza.
ii) He lives in the RBI quarters.
8) Rule 8 - To manifest a Neuter gender noun we use
- Feminine gender to manifest grace and beauty.
- Masculine gender to manifest power and strength.
Ex. The stars were shining on the seafloor with all their might.
9) Rule 9 - Collective nouns are used as neuter gender even if they are used to refer to living beings.
Ex. i) The football team gave a poor performance.
ii) The committee gave a negative report on global warming.
- Neuter gender is used for small creatures, very young children or insects.
Ex. i) The newborn babies are so cute.
10) Rule 10 - The title of books, the work of art etc. even if they sound plural is always considered as singular.
Ex. i) The Gangs of Wasseypur is my favourite movie.
ii) The palace of Versailles is an incredible narration of France.
Other than nouns, there are various other parts of speech. Have a look at other parts of the speech here.