Common Noun

Do you know that a noun is basically divided into two main categories - A proper noun and a common noun. 

Proper nouns designate a particular being or to a specific person, place, animal, or thing, whereas a common noun denotes any or all of a class of entities that are used to name a general item rather than specific ones, Unlike proper nouns. Wherever you go, you’ll encounter various common nouns around you. For example, if you are sitting in your room, you can see a TV, Chair, Pen, Curtain, Bottles, etc- these all are common nouns. So, all nouns refer to the name of something, whereas proper nouns name them specifically, and common nouns refer to a group. 

In this article, we will learn common nouns, their definition, examples, and usages, in more detail so that you can easily recognize common nouns when you see them.

Noun Definition 

A common noun is defined as a noun that refers to the name of a group of similar things, people, places, animals, ideas, or objects. It can also be defined as a noun that denotes the general or non-specific term used for a group. Common nouns can be concrete that is perceptible to the senses, abstract, or collective means referring to a group or collection. 

Let's take some examples for a better understanding of the concepts of specific names and common names.

For Example-Dog’ is a word that refers to a class of dogs, if you named one of the dogs as ‘Tommy’ it represents a dog named Tommy and makes it specific to the group. So, the word ‘Dog’  is a general way of describing a group or class, whereas ‘Tommy’ represents a particular or individual dog.

Common Noun is Written in Lowered Case

Usually, a simple mistake people make in writing a common noun is that they considered the rule of writing a naming word in capital letters. Common nouns are usually written in small letters, that is they are not capitalized, unlike proper nouns. But here are some exceptions to this rule:

  1. If a common noun appears as the first word in a sentence, it is written in a capital letter following the rule of writing the first word in the capital letter of a sentence.

For example: ‘Countries must look after their citizens.’  

Here the word Countries, which is a common noun, is capitalized in the following sentence only because it is the first word in the sentence and the word citizens is also a common noun written in small letters as per the rule.

  1. If a common noun appears in a title then it is written in small letters. This is the second exception for capitalizing a common noun.

For example: ‘Fifteen Dogs by Andre Alexis. 

The word Dogs is a common noun that must be written in small letters and would not ordinarily need to be capitalized. However, the common noun dog is capitalized in the above example, since this is the title of a book.

Common Noun Examples

PeopleWoman, Child, Brother, Wife, Female, Man, Friend, Firefighter, Magician, Judge, Captain, Girl, Boy, Male, Citizen, Boss, Accountant, Hero, Author, Reader, Teacher, Actress, Queen
PlacesCollege, Airport, Island, City, Beach, Backyard, School, Railway Station, Court, Terminus, District, Junction, Store, Playground, Jungle, Front, End, Kitchen, Street, State, Bedroom, Cave, Bus stand, Clinic,
Animals / Birds/ InsectsDog, Cat, Horse, Bird, Bug, Spider, Fish, Monkey, Lion, Tiger, Elephant, Alligator, Dove, Snake, Crocodile, Crow, Goose, Swan, Eagle, Vulture, Housefly, Mosquito, Honeybee, Wasp, Ant, Beetle, Butterfly
Things / ObjectsTable, Water bottle, Newspaper, Boat, Potato chip, sword, Car, Spray, Truck, Necklace, Tie, Shoes, Book, Pencil, Computer, Coat, Boots, Plant, Orange, Thread, Pant 
Concept / IdeasGovernment, Cleanliness, Movement, Chaos, Friendship, Life, Death, Sleep, Logic, Reason, Justice, Science, Crime

Common Noun (जातिवाचक संज्ञा)

एक जातिवाचक संज्ञा को एक संज्ञा के रूप में परिभाषित किया जाता है जो समान चीजों, लोगों, स्थानों, जानवरों, विचारों या वस्तुओं के समूह के नाम को संदर्भित करता है। जातिवाचक संज्ञा वह संज्ञा होती है जो सामान्य अर्थ में किसी व्यक्ति, स्थान, या वस्तु का बोध कराती है।

उदहारण के लिए:

महिला, बच्चा, भाई, पत्नी, कॉलेज, हवाई अड्डा, द्वीप, बिल्ली, घोड़ा, पक्षी, टेबल, पानी की बोतल, अखबार.

Examples of a Common Noun Used in Sentences

  1. A girl rang the doorbell and ran away.
  2. He likes to hike in the mountains.
  3. My sister and her friend plan a trip to Manali.
  4. I bought this dress yesterday from a mall.
  5. My favorite color is Red.
  6. I want to live in this city.
  7. Where is my bike?
  8. We all live on a planet in the solar system.
  9. I have ordered biryani from a restaurant.
  10. Akash dropped me to the railway station.
  11. There are seven continents in the world.
  12. He doesn't play any games. 
  13. Raman bought a new pair of jeans.
  14. I love my family. 
  15. Why did you leave the door open?

Have a look at other parts of the speech here.

Parts of Speech in English Grammar 
FAQs on Common Noun

Ans: A common noun is defined as a noun that refers to the name of a group of similar things, people, places, animals, ideas, or objects.

Ans: List of 20 common noun examples are: Table, Water bottle, Woman, Child, Brother, Monkey, Lion, Girl, Boy, Male, City, Beach, Shoes, Book, Pencil, Movie, Car, Game, Family, Day.

Ans: Yes, Common nouns are always written in small letters except if it appears at the starting of the sentence and if common nouns represent a title.

Ans: Yes, the word ‘school’ is a Common Noun as it refers to a place in general without specifying the name of any particular school.

Ans: Common nouns refer to the name of a group of similar things, people, places, animals, ideas, or objects, while proper nouns refer to a specific person, place, animals, or things. Common nouns are written in small letters, while proper nouns must be in capital letters.

Important Links