Pronoun: Pronouns are words that we use as a replacement of a noun in a sentence to avoid the repetition of nouns. Like he, she, it, they, you, we, etc. Pronouns are used when the noun is described in the previous sentence or when the noun doesn’t need to be mentioned as the listener knows what the speaker is referring to. The noun that is replaced by a pronoun is called an antecedent. In English Grammar, Pronouns is an essential part of speech and if you learn the proper use of Pronoun while writing and speaking, it would be of great benefit to improve your skills. Read on the complete article, to learn more about pronouns & their types.
What is a Pronoun?
In simple words, pronouns allow us to shorten our sentences and make them sound less repetitive. Just understand the use of pronouns with an example- “The students are studying hard for their board exams. The students have been covering the complete syllabus in a progress. The students shall finish their preparation much before the board exams.” Instead of using The students repetitively, we can write this sentence as “The students are studying hard for their board exams. They have been covering the complete syllabus in a progress. They shall finish their preparation much before the board exams.” In this sentence, ‘they’ replace ‘the students’ where they is a pronoun and the students is a noun.
Examples of Pronoun
A pronoun is the part of speech that is frequently used while we write, read, and speak. Understand the use of pronouns with some more examples discussed below-
1) Abhishek loves vanilla ice cream. He thinks it tastes better with hot chocolate and nuts.
Here ‘he’ and ‘it’ is used in the second sentence in place of Joey and ice cream
2) They will be visiting today in the evening.
Here ‘they’ is used in order to describe a few people instead of taking their names individually.
3) Someone paid Rs. 500 for this beautiful sweater.
Here ‘someone’ describes a person instead of pronouncing his/her name.
Some more examples are as follows:
- Nobody knows the truth about his murder.
- Unlike others, she rose to fame quickly.
- He injured himself in an accident.
- The woman who left gave a note to me.
Pronoun Meaning in Hindi
As Pronoun is a part of speech that is been taught in both English & Hindi subject. सवर्नाम is the Hindi translation of Pronoun. The definition or meaning of Pronoun (सवर्नाम) is explained as- वाक्य में संज्ञा की पुनरुक्ति को दूर करने के लिए संज्ञा के स्थान पर प्रयोग होने वाले शब्द सर्वनाम कहलाते हैं।
List of Pronouns
In English Grammar, pronouns are a part of speech that function similar to nouns. Pronouns can be used both as subjects and objects, singular or plural. Pronouns can be used in place of nouns describing people, places, and things. Some of the frequently used Pronouns on daily basis has been listed below.
Types of Pronouns
In English Grammar, Pronouns can be categorized into the following types:
a) Personal pronouns
b) Possessive pronouns
c) Demonstrative pronouns
d) Relative pronouns
e) Reflexive pronouns
f) Indefinite pronouns
Personal pronouns- These pronouns are used while referring to a person or group of people. It can be divided on the basis of the person who is being referred to as the subject.
i) First-person- It is used while referring to the speaker or writer of the sentence. Eg: I, me, we and us I am feeling positive today.
We shall visit the park sometime.
ii)Second person –It is used while referring to the listener or receiver of the sentence you
1. You can bring some cake if you like.
2. You are setting a benchmark.
iii)Third person –Used while referring to someone besides the speaker and listener. Eg: he, she, it, they
1. She/he is doing well in her/his career.
2. They are going to Shimla tomorrow.
Possessive Pronoun – It is used to show possession or belongingness to someone. Eg: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, and theirs
1. He left his keys on the table.
2. The money was theirs to spend.
Demonstrative Pronoun-It used to establish distinction from the rest. Eg: this, that, these and those
1. This is the dress I want.
2. These apples are ripe.
Relative Pronoun- It is used to connect dependent clauses to independent clauses. Eg: that, which, who, whom, what, and whose.
1. Whose pen is this?
2. She donated her bag that was unused.
Reflexive Pronoun- It is used when the object is the same as the subject of the verb. Eg: myself, yourself, itself, himself, herself, and ourselves
1. They brought this on themselves.
2. Take good care of yourself and those around you.
Indefinite Pronoun-It is used when something is not specific or unidentified. Eg: everybody, either, none and something
1. Everyone is in need of immunity these days.
2. I find none of the designs appealing enough.
Other than pronouns, there are various other parts of speech. Have a look at other parts of the speech here.