Proper Noun

You already know that all nouns are words that name something either a person, animals, places, things, or ideas. A Proper Noun is a type of noun which refers to a specific person, place, things, etc, which means it does not denote things in general or in common. The name you came across in your day-to-day life like Aman, Prem, Delhi, Lion, The Sun, The Moon, Monday, Google etc. denotes a specific one. It may be possible that one name may be of others also but at least one specific person or object has that name. Let’s understand Proper nouns in more detail with some more examples and with a better understanding of how Proper Noun denotes a specific Person, Place, animal, or thing.

What is a Proper Noun?

A proper noun is defined as the name of a particular person, place, animal, organization, or thing. A proper noun is usually understood as a noun that has an exact and special name for any noun. A proper noun has two definite characteristics: First, it always denotes a name for a particular individual, and second, it always starts with a Capital letter, no matter where they come in a sentence, a proper noun is always written in a capital letter. 

For Example: ‘Goa’ is a proper noun that denotes the name of a city. If you use Goa anywhere in a sentence it must be written starting with a capital letter. Like- Let’s go to Goa next weekend. In the same way, I can See the Moon today. You can also use two proper nouns in a single sentence. Like- Delhi is the capital of India. In this sentence, Delhi denotes the name of the capital city and India denotes the name of the country.

Examples of Proper Noun

Let’s go through some examples of Proper Noun used in English Grammar. Find out the proper noun from the sentences below. Just keep in mind the basic definition of a proper noun and its characteristics we have discussed above:

  1. Would you like to meet my friend Raman?
  2. Do you think Chennai Super Kings will win this tournament?
  3. One of my best friends moved to Ukraine for medical studies.
  4. To prevent soil from being polluted, Sadhguru has launched a campaign.
  5. The Sun is the largest star in our solar system.
  6. My school teacher Mr Ben is so funny.
  7. This is my first flight to London on Air India.
  8. Samar's dog Tiger was sick yesterday.
  9. One of my favourite cartoon characters is Tom & Jerry.
  10. Andaman & Nicobar Island is my dream vacation destination.

Some more examples of a proper noun:

Name of a Brand- Nike, Google, Amazon, Zomato, etc

Title of people- Prime Minister Modi, Captain Jack, Sir Issac Newton etc

Name of Monuments- The Statue of Liberty, The India Gate

Name of School, Colleges-  Harvard University, Dav Inter College

Proper Noun (व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा) Definition in Hindi

In Hindi a Proper Noun can be defined as: “एक व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा को किसी विशेष व्यक्ति, स्थान, जानवर, संगठन या वस्तु के नाम के रूप में परिभाषित किया जाता है। जो संज्ञा किसी विशेष व्यक्ति,वस्तु, स्थान आदि को सम्बोधित करता है, उसे व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा कहा जाता है | यह हमेशा एक बड़े अक्षर से शुरू होता है, चाहे वे वाक्य में कहीं भी आए हों |”

Proper Noun Rules for capitalization

As you know we have discussed that a proper noun in a sentence is always written in a capital letter. When you are speaking, only your tone and figure of speech matter or the way you pronounce the words. But, in written communication, what matters the most is the rule of capitalisation. 

Not all nouns need to be capitalized. Generally, Proper nouns are always capitalized. In addition, if a proper noun consists of two or more words, the first letter of each of the important words of the name needs to be capitalized. while common nouns are only capitalized if they appear at the beginning of a sentence or are part of a title.

Here are some rules for capitalizing proper nouns which help in improving the readability of your writing.

  1. Writing the names of Days and months in Capital letters, while the names of seasons need not be capitalized.
  2. The name of the subject or course can be in capital letters like Chemistry 10, while the word chemistry is not written in the capital in general usage.
  3. Naming Professions and job titles can be capitalized. You can use capital letters to start a profession or job title only when it is used in the act of naming or addressing someone.
  4. Relationships like Mom and Dad are written in Capital only if it is used as a name to specify that particular person. Not all relations like brother and sister are written in capital letters.

When mastering the capitalization of a proper noun, it's also important to understand the difference between common and proper nouns. In this article, we have discussed proper nouns, definitions, and examples. In brief, we can differentiate between a proper noun and a common noun by saying that a common noun is a general way of classifying something, and a proper noun is a specific way of classifying something.

Parts of Speech in English Grammar 
PronounAdjective
AdverbPreposition
VerbConjunction

 

Proper Noun: FAQs

Ans: A proper noun is defined as the name of a particular person, place, animals, organization, or thing. A proper noun is usually understood as a noun that has an exact and special name for any noun.

Ans: Common nouns refer to generic things while proper nouns refer to specific things. A common noun is a general way of classifying something, and a proper noun is a specific way of classifying something.

Ans: Although all Proper nouns starts with a Capital letter, no matter where they come in a sentence. But there are always some rules or exceptions in English grammar. So not all proper nouns need to be capitalized. You have to practice and master the identification of proper nouns that denote specific nouns.

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