CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2021-22 Board Exam for Term 1 & 2

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2021-22: CBSE has published the syllabus of class 12th for the academic year 2021-22. CBSE divided the whole syllabus into two terms and examination of both the terms will be conducted separately. Class 12th physics syllabus comprises a total of 9 units and 14 chapters and these units are divided into two terms. n the first term of class 12th physics syllabus board has given 4 units and in the second term covers 5 units. The theoretical part will contain 70 marks and the evaluation scheme will be 30 marks. The students must pay close attention to the physics class 12th syllabus and learn the basic concepts of physics from the NCERT textbooks. It will help them in further studies and competitive examinations such as JEE Main, JEE Advanced, BITSAT, and NEET, etc. 

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2021-22 (Term 1)

In the first term of class 12th, the physics syllabus board has given 4 units which have been indexed in the below table.

Class 12th Physics Syllabus Term-I 
ChapterName of ChapterMarks
Unit-1 Electrostatics (24 periods)16
Chapter-1Electric Charges and Fields 
Chapter-2Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
Unit-2 Current Electricity (18 periods)
Chapter-3Current Electricity 
Unit-3 Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism (22 periods)17
Chapter-4Moving Charges and Magnetism
Chapter-5Magnetism and Matter 
Unit- 4 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents (20 periods) 
Chapter-6Electromagnetic Induction 
Chapter-7Alternating Current
Total33

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2021-22 (Term 2)

In the first term of class 12th, the physics syllabus board has given 5 units, which has been indexed in the below table-

Class 12th Physics Syllabus Term-II
ChapterName of ChapterMarks
Unit-5 Electromagnetic Waves (04 periods)18
Chapter-8Electromagnetic Waves 
Unit-6 Optics (27 periods)
Chapter-9Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Chapter-10Wave Optics
Unit-7 Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter (08 periods)12
Chapter-11Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Unit-8 Atoms and Nuclei (15 periods)
Chapter-12Atoms
Chapter-13Nuclei
Unit-9 Electronic Devices (12 periods)07
Chapter-14Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices, and Simple Circuits
Total37

CBSE Date Sheet 2021 for Class 12 Released- Click to Check

Detailed CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2021

Class 12th Physics Syllabus- Chapter 1 (Electrostatics)

  1. Electric Charges and Fields Electric Charges
  2. Conservation of charge, Coulomb's law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges.
  3. Superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
  4. Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole
  5. Electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in the uniform electric field. Electric flux
  6. Statement of Gauss's theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire
  7. Uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).

Class 12th Physics Syllabus- Chapter 2 (Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance)

  1. Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces
  2. The electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.
  3. Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor.
  4. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, a combination of capacitors in series and in parallel
  5. The capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.

Class 12th Physics Syllabus- Chapter 3 (Current Electricity)

  1. Electric current, the flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current.
  2. Ohm's law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear)
  3. Electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity, Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors.
  4. Series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.
  5. The internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel.
  6. Kirchhoff's laws and simple applications, Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge.
  7. Potentiometer - principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for comparing EMF of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

Class 12th Physics Syllabus- Chapter 4 (Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism )

  1. Moving Charges and Magnetism Concept of a magnetic field, Oersted's experiment.
  2. Biot - Savart law and its application to the current-carrying circular loop. Ampere's law and its applications to an infinitely long straight wire.
  3. Straight and toroidal solenoids (only qualitative treatment), force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields, Cyclotron.
  4. Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, the force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere.
  5. Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Class 12th Physics Syllabus- Chapter 5 (Magnetism and Matter)

  1. Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron
  2. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis
  3. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines
  4. Earth's magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances, with examples. Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths, permanent magnets.

Class 12th Physics Syllabus- Chapter 6 (Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents)

  1. Electromagnetic Induction Electromagnetic induction; Faraday's laws, induced EMF and current
  2. Lenz's Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual induction. Chapter–7: Alternating Current Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage
  3. Reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance
  4. Power in AC circuits, power factor, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.

Download Detailed CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus PDF

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus for Practical

Class 12th Physics Practical Evaluation Scheme: The evaluation scheme consists of the following sections, Two experiments one from each section, Practical record [experiments and activities], and Viva on experiments and activities. Marks are allotted to each section separately. All the sections combined consist of 30 marks. Break up of marks for each section given below in table- 

Class 12th Physics Practical Evaluation Scheme
ParticularsMarks
Two experiments one from each section8+8 marks
Practical record [experiments and activities]7 marks
Viva on experiments and activities7 marks
Total30 marks

Class 12 Physics Practical (Term-I)

In Term-I students need to perform a total of  6 practicals. In some of the practicals, choices have been given. From these choices, students can choose the practical they want to perform. Have a look at the table given below-

S No.Practicals
1To determine the resistivity of two / three wires by plotting a graph between potential difference versus current.
2To find the resistance of a given wire / standard resistor using a metre bridge. OR To verify the laws of combination (series) of resistances using a metre bridge. OR To verify the laws of combination (parallel) of resistances using a metre bridge
3To compare the EMF of two given primary cells using a potentiometer. OR To determine the internal resistance of a given primary cell using the potentiometer
4To determine the resistance of a galvanometer by half-deflection method and to find its figure of merit.
5To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into a voltmeter of desired range and to verify the same. OR To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into an ammeter of desired range and to verify the same.
6To find the frequency of AC mains with a sonometer.

Class 12 Physics Practical (Term-II)

In Term-II students needs to perform a total of  6 practicals. In practical number 2, two practicals are given students can choose any one of the practicals. A list of all the practicals is provided in the table below- 

SNo.Practicals
1To find the focal length of a convex lens by plotting graphs between u and v or between 1/u and 1/v.
2To find the focal length of a convex mirror, using a convex lens. OR To find the focal length of a concave lens, using a convex lens.
3To determine the angle of minimum deviation for a given prism by plotting a graph between angle of incidence and angle of deviation.
4To determine the refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.
5To find the refractive index of a liquid by using a convex lens and plane mirror.
6To draw the I-V characteristic curve for a p-n junction in forwarding bias and reverse bias.

How to complete the CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus?

First, go through the whole syllabus of class 12th physics. Prepare a monthly plan and divide the units according to that plan. For example- you can choose a unit according to your convenience. Complete the first reading of a chapter from the chosen unit. If you find any difficulty in any topic then take help to your teacher or you can search that topic on the internet. Likewise, complete all the chapters and revise them periodically. That’s how you can retain all the units for a longer duration by multiple revisions. Repeat this process for all the units.

How to Develop Interest in Class 12 Physics?

Most of the students find physics difficult. They failed to solve numerical problems and failed to remember derivations. Here are some tips listed below follow them and make physics interesting.

  1. Start with basics, yes you have heard it right. If you want to understand what is the gravitational force, first learn what is force.
  2. Imagine and relate concepts with your daily life.
  3. Understand derivation step by step, don’t mug up.
  4. Start with easy numerical then gradually increase their level. If it is not working for you then thoroughly read the topic of that numerical and start practising.
  5. Last but not least, physics is all about concepts don’t try to mug up them, try to understand them. Practice questions as much as you can it will boost your confidence.

How to increase sitting to complete CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus

You can increase sitting gradually, it's not a one-day process. Take baby steps i.e. the first day sit for 2 hours and don’t involve yourself in these two hours anywhere except studies. Break these 2 hours into 4 slots. Each slot consists of 30 minutes. study with full focus in these 30 minutes and complete all the chunks likewise. Then second or third day increase an hour. This process will make you consistent and studies will become a habit. That’s how you can increase these hours as per your need and increase your sitting.

Also Check 

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus for Term 1 & 2

CBSE Class 12 English Syllabus for Term 1 & 2

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus: FAQs

Q. How many chapters are there in the CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus?

There are 9 units comprising 14 chapters given in the CBSE Class 12 Physics syllabus.

Q. Is NCERT enough to complete the CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus?

Yes, NCERT is designed according to the Class 12 Physics Syllabus so they are more than enough.

Q. Is the CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus for 2021-22 reduced?

Due to Pandemic CBSE has reduced the Class 12th Physics Syllabus for 2020-21 up to 30%. But for session 2021-22 CBSE has covered 100% syllabus without any reduction.