Gate Syllabus 2021

GATE Syllabus and Exam Pattern is discussed here. The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) , is conducted every year for engineering students to secure admissions for M.E./ M.Tech/ Ph.D. at the IITs, NIT's, IIIT's and CFTIs or to secure a high profile job in a PSU. GATE Exam Pattern and Syllabus is almost same every year. If there will be any change in the exam pattern, it will be updated here. GATE Exam Pattern consists of all important information, such as a total number of questions, the number of sections, types of questions asked, and marking scheme of the exam. So, candidates planning to appear for GATE exam must be aware of GATE Exam Pattern and Syllabus. GATE is conducted for 25 papers and one can attempt any one of these papers. GATE is now conducted in online mode only.

GATE Syllabus 2021

The duration of the GATE exam is 3 hours and the maximum marks are 100. In this article, we will give detailed information about GATE Syllabus and Exam Pattern to help you guys with your preparation. Read on to find more about GATE 2020 Paper Pattern. Every year one of the IIT's conduct the GATE exam all over the country. This year the exam was successfully conducted by IIT Delhi on February 1, 2, 8 and 9. The exam is divided into two sections one is contain General Aptitude ( MCQ ) and other contain Numerical questions. The candidates have to choose one of the 25 subjects given in the table below for the Numerical Answer Type Questions. The detailed syllabus and exam pattern are given in the below paragraphs.

Subjects For GATE Exam

At present GATE Exam is held in 25 disciplines/subjects. A candidate can appear only in any one paper of the following disciplines.

GATE Paper   Code GATE Paper   Code
Aerospace Engineering AE Instrumentation Engineering  IN
Agricultural Engineering AG Mathematics MA
Architecture and Planning AR Mechanical Engineering ME
Bio-medical Engineering BM Mining Engineering MN
Biotechnology BT Metallurgical Engineering MT
Civil Engineering CE Petroleum Engineering PE
Chemical Engineering CH Physics PH
Computer Science and Information Technology CS Production and Industrial Engineering PI
Chemistry CY Statistics ST
Electronics and Communication Engineering EC Textile Engineering and Fibre Science TF
Electrical Engineering EE Engineering Sciences XE
Ecology and Evolution EY Life Sciences XL
Geology and Geophysics GG

Engineering Sciences (XE) and Life Science (XL) papers are of general nature. These two papers comprise the following sections.

XE Paper Sections Code XL Paper Sections Code
Engineering Mathematics(Compulsory) A Chemistry (Compulsory) P
Any two optional sections Any two optional sections
Fluid Mechanics B Biochemistry Q
Materials Science C Botany R
Solid Mechanics D Microbiology S
Thermodynamics E Zoology T
Polymer Science and Engineering F Food Technology U
Food Technology G
Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences H

GATE 2021 Exam Pattern

The Gate paper is conducted every year by one of the IITs. There is no major changes introduced in the exam pattern. Check the exam pattern in the table.

Mode of Exam Online (Computer-based mode)
Sections Three
Time Duration 3 hours
Total Questions 65
Question type MCQ (General Aptitude) and NAT (Numerical Answer Type)
Negative Marking 1/3 of Question Marks and no negative for NAT
Total Marks 100

GATE Exam Pattern 2021: Section-wise Marks Distribution

You can check the Section-wise marks distribution of the different papers in the table. The subjects are divided into to types, one contain 3 sections and other papers contain only 2 sections.

Paper Code Marks Distribution
CE, CS, EC, EE, IN, ME, AE, AG, BT, CH, MN, MT, TF, XE, PE, ST and PI
  • General Aptitude (GA) – 15%
  • Engineering Mathematics – 15%
  • Subject of the Paper –  70%
AR, CY, EY, XL, GG, MA and PH
  • General Aptitude (GA) – 15%
  • Subject of the Paper – 85%

GATE Exam Pattern: Marking Scheme

There is different marking scheme depend on the paper you are attempting. Check the marking scheme of the different papers in the table below.

Design of Questions

Paper Code GA Marks Subject Marks Total Marks Negative Marking
CE, CH, CS, CY, EC, EE, AE, AR, AG, BT, EY, GG, IN, MA, ME, PH, PI, TF, MN, MT, PE, ST 15 85 100 1/3 Mark of the question marks will be deducted for each wrong question.
XE (Section A + any two sections) 15 15+2*35 100
XL (Section P + any two sections) 15 25+2*30 100

GATE Syllabus: General Aptitude

The General Aptitude (GA) paper is a common Subject for all Branch Papers. It holds 15% of the total marks. The questions in GA are based on verbal ability and numerical ability. The two subsections in the GA section are explained below:

1. Verbal Ability: The following topics are asked in this section:

➤English Grammar

➤Sentence Completion

➤Verbal Analogies

➤Word Groups


➤Critical Reasoning

Verbal Deduction

2. Numerical Ability:  This section questions test the basic mathematical skills of candidates. The subtopics included in this section are as follows:

➤Numerical computation

➤Numerical Estimation

➤Numerical Reasoning

➤Data Interpretation

GATE Syllabus: Subject-Wise topics

You can check the main topics of each subject that are asked in the GATE exam. The elaborated syllabus of each topics/subject is given in the table below.

General Aptitude Syllabus (Common for all papers)
Verbal Ability Numerical Ability
Biomedical Engineering Syllabus (new entrant)
Engineering Mathematics Electrical Circuits
Analog and Digital Electronics Signals and Systems
Measurement and Digital Electronics Sensors and Bioinstrumentations
Medical Imaging System Biomaterials
Human Anatomy and Physiology Biomechanics
Aerospace Engineering Syllabus
Fourier Series Laplace Transforms
Numerical methods for linear and nonlinear algebraic equations Numerical integration and differentiation.
Dynamic stability Euler angle
Equations of motion Aerodynamic forces and moments, stability & control derivatives
Decoupling of longitudinal and lateral-directional dynamics Longitudinal modes; lateral-directional modes.
Orbit transfer In-plane and out-of-plane
Elementary ideas of viscous flows including boundary layers Wind Tunnel Testing
Measurement and visualization techniques Vibration of  beams
Theory of elasticity Equilibrium and compatibility equations
Airy’s stress function
Agriculture Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Farm Machinery
Farm Power Soil and Water Conservation Engineering
Irrigation and Drainage Engineering Agricultural Processing Engineering
Dairy and Food Engineering
Architecture & Planning Syllabus
Architecture and Design Building Materials, Construction and Management
Building and Structures Environmental Planning and Design
Urban Design Urban Planning and Housing
Planning Techniques and Management Services, Infrastructure and Transportation
Biotechnology Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics General Biotechnology
Recombinant DNA Technology Plant and Animal Biotechnology
Bioprocess Engineering and Process Biotechnology
Civil Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Structural Engineering
Geotechnical Engineering Water Resources Engineering
Environmental Engineering Transportation Engineering
Geomatics Engineering
Chemical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Process Calculations and Thermodynamics
Fluid Mechanics and Mechanical Operations Heat Transfer
Mass Transfer Chemical Reaction Engineering
Instrumentation and Process Control Plant Design and Economics
Chemical Technology
Computer Science and Information Technology Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Digital Logic
Computer Organization and Architecture Programming and Data Structures
Algorithms Theory of Computation
Compiler Design Operating System
Databases Computer Networks
Chemistry Syllabus
Physical Chemistry Organic Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Electronics and Communication Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Networks, Signals and Systems
Electronic Devices Analog Circuits
Digital Circuits Control System
Communication Electromagnetics
Electrical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Electrical Circuits
Electromagnetic Fields Signals and Systems
Electrical Machines Power Systems
Control Systems Electrical and Electronic Measurements
Analog and Digital Electronics Power Electronics
Ecology and Evolution Syllabus
Ecology Evolution
Mathematics and Quantitative Ecology Behavioral Ecology
Geology And Geophysics Syllabus
Geology Geophysics
Instrumentation Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Control Systems
Electrical Circuits Analog and Digital Electronics
Signals and Systems Measurements
Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation Communication and Optical Instrumentation
Mathematics Syllabus
Calculus Linear Algebra
Rear Analysis Complex Analysis
Ordinary Differential Equations Algebra
Functional Analysis Numerical Analysis
Partial Differential Equations Topology
Linear Programming
Mechanical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Applied Mechanics and Design
Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Science Material, Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering
Mining Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Mine Development Surveying
Geomechanics and Ground Control Mining Methods and Machinery
Surface Environment, Mine Ventilation and Underground Hazards Mine Economics, Mine Planning, System Engineering
Metallurgical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Thermodynamics and Rate Process
Extractive Metallurgy Physical Metallurgy
Mechanical Metallurgy Manufacturing Process
Physics Syllabus
Mathematical Physics Classical Mechanics
Electromagnetic Theory Quantum Mechanics
Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics Atomic and Molecular Physics
Solid State Physics and Electronics Nuclear and Particle Physics
Production and Industrial Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Genera Engineering
Manufacturing Processes Quality and Reliability
Industrial Engineering  Operation Research an Operational Management
Textile Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Textile Engineering and Fibre Science
XE A (Engineering Mathematics Syllabus)
Linear Algebra Calculus
Vector Calculus Ordinary Differential Equations
Partial Differential Equations Complex variables
Probability and Statistics Numerical Methods
XE B (Fluid Mechanism Syllabus)
Flow and Fluid Properties Kinematics
Integral analysis Differential Analysis
Inviscid flows Dimensional analysis
Internal flows Prandtl boundary layer equations
XE C (Material Sciences Syllabus)
Processing of Materials Characterisation Techniques:
Structure and Imperfections Thermodynamics and Kinetics
Properties of Materials Material types
Environmental Degradation Elements of Quantum Mechanics and Mathematics
XE F (Thermodynamics Syllabus)
Basic Concepts Law of Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics Cycle Thermodynamics Relations
Ideal Gas Mixtures
XE F (Polymer Science and Engineering Syllabus)
Chemistry of high polymers Polymer Characterization
Synthesis and properties Polymer blends and composites
Polymer Technology Polymer rheology
Polymer processing Polymer testing
XE G (Food Technology Syllabus)
Food Chemistry and Nutrition Food Microbiology
Food Products Technology Food Engineering
XL P (Chemistry Syllabus)
Atomic Structure and Periodicity Structure and Bonding
s, p and d Block Elements Chemical Equilibria
Electrochemistry Reaction Kinetics
Thermodynamics Structure-Reactivity Correlations and Organic Reaction Mechanisms
XL R (Botany Syllabus)
Plant Systematics Plant Anatomy
Morphogenesis & Development Physiology and Biochemistry
Genetics Plant Breeding and Genetic Modification
Economic Botany Plant Pathology
Ecology and Environment -
XL S (Microbiology Syllabus)
Historical Perspective Methods in Microbiology
Microbial Taxonomy and Diversity Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells: Structure and Function
Microbial Growth Control of Micro-organisms
Microbial Metabolism Microbial Diseases and Host Pathogen Interaction
Chemotherapy/Antibiotics Microbial Genetics
Microbial Ecology
XL T (Zoology Syllabus)
Animal world Genetics
Evolution Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Cell Biology Gene expression in Eukaryotes
Animal Anatomy and Physiology Parasitology and Immunology
Development Biology Ecology
Animal Behavior

GATE Syllabus 2021: Subject-wise Syllabus

The detailed subject-wise syllabus of the GATE exam is given below in the form of PDF. Click on the PDF correspond to the subject for which you want to check the syllabus.

S.No. Papers Download Syllabus
General Aptitude Click Here
1 Aerospace Engineering (AE) Click Here
2 Agricultural Engineering (AG) Click Here 
3 Architecture and Planning (AR) Click Here
4 Biotechnology (BT) Click Here
5 Civil Engineering (CE) Click Here
6 Chemical Engineering (CH) Click Here
7 Computer Science (CS) and Information Technology (IT) Click Here
8 Chemistry (CY) Click Here
9 Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) Click Here
10 Electrical Engineering (EE) Click Here
11 Ecology and Evolution (EY) Click Here
12 Geology and Geophysics (GG) Click Here
13 Instrumentation Engineering (IN) Click Here
14 Mathematics (MA) Click Here
15 Mechanical Engineering (ME) Click Here
16 Mining Engineering (MN) Click Here
17 Metallurgical Engineering (MT) Click Here
18 Petroleum Engineering (PE) Click Here
19 Physics (PH) Click Here
20 Production and Industrial Engineering (PI) Click Here
21 Textile Engineering and Fibre Science (TF) Click Here
22 Statistics Click Here
23 Biomedical Engineering (BM) Click Here
24 Engineering Sciences Syllabus (XE) - Any 2 optional sections
Engineering Mathematics (XE A) - Compulsory section Click Here
Fluid Mechanics (XE B) Click Here
Material Science (XE C) Click Here
Solid Mechanics (XE D) Click Here
Thermodynamics (XE E) Click Here
Polymer Science & Engineering (XE F) Click Here
Food Technology (XE G) Click Here
Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences (XE H) Click Here
25 Life Sciences (XL) - Any 2 optional sections
Chemistry (XL P) - Compulsory section Click Here
Biochemistry (XL Q) Click Here
Botany (XL R) Click Here
Microbiology (XL S) Click Here
Zoology (XL T) Click Here
Food Technology (XL U) Click Here

GATE Syllabus 2021: FAQs

Q 1. For how many Discipline GATE is conducted?

Ans. GATE is conducted for 25 Discipline in 2020.

Q 2. For how many papers can a student appear in GATE?

Ans. Student can appear for only one subject.

Q 3. What will be the type of questions for the GATE Exam?

Ans. There will be 4 choices in case of MCQ and no choice in the case of NAT.

Q 4. Is there any negative marking for GATE?

Ans. Yes, There is negative marking of 1/3 of question marks.

Q 5. When will the application form for GATE 2021 be released?

Ans. The Application Form of GATE are generally released in the first week of September.