Gate Syllabus 2021

GATE Syllabus and Exam Pattern is discussed here. The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) , is conducted every year for engineering students to secure admissions for M.E./ M.Tech/ Ph.D. at the IITs, NIT's, IIIT's and CFTIs or to secure a high profile job in a PSU. GATE Exam Pattern and Syllabus is almost same every year. If there will be any change in the exam pattern, it will be updated here. GATE Exam Pattern consists of all important information, such as a total number of questions, the number of sections, types of questions asked, and marking scheme of the exam. So, candidates planning to appear for GATE exam must be aware of GATE Exam Pattern and Syllabus. GATE is conducted for 27 papers and one can attempt any one of these papers. GATE is now conducted in online mode only.

GATE Syllabus 2021

The duration of the GATE exam is 3 hours and the maximum marks are 100. In this article, we will give detailed information about GATE Syllabus and Exam Pattern to help you guys with your preparation. Read on to find more about the GATE 2020 Paper Pattern. Every year one of the IITs conduct the GATE exam all over the country, this year it is IIT Bombay. This year the exam will be held from 05th to 14th February 2021. The exam is divided into two sections one contains General Aptitude ( MCQ ) and other contain Numerical questions. The candidates have to choose one of the 27 subjects given in the table below for the Numerical Answer Type Questions. The detailed syllabus and exam pattern are given in the below paragraphs.

Subjects For GATE Exam

This year onwards The GATE Exam will have 27 disciplines/ subjects. A candidate can appear only in any one paper of the following disciplines.

GATE Paper   Code GATE Paper   Code
Aerospace Engineering AE Instrumentation Engineering  IN
Agricultural Engineering AG Mathematics MA
Architecture and Planning AR Mechanical Engineering ME
Bio-medical Engineering BM Mining Engineering MN
Biotechnology BT Metallurgical Engineering MT
Civil Engineering CE Petroleum Engineering PE
Chemical Engineering CH Physics PH
Computer Science and Information Technology CS Production and Industrial Engineering PI
Chemistry CY Statistics ST
Electronics and Communication Engineering EC Textile Engineering and Fibre Science TF
Electrical Engineering EE Engineering Sciences XE
Environmental Science & Engineering (New) ES Humanities & Social Sciences (New) XH
Ecology and Evolution EY Life Sciences XL
Geology and Geophysics GG

Note: Engineering Sciences (XE),Humanities & Social Sciences (XH), and Life Science (XL) papers are of general nature. These two papers comprise the following sections.

GATE 2021 Paper Codes for XE, XH, and XL Papers

XE Paper Sections Code XL Paper Sections Code XH Paper Sections Code
Engineering Mathematics(Compulsory - 15 Marks) A Chemistry (Compulsory- 25 Marks) P Reasoning and Comprehension (Compulsory) (25 marks) B1
Any two optional sections (2x35 = 70 marks) Any two optional sections (2x30 = 60 marks) Anyone optional section (60 marks)
Fluid Mechanics B Biochemistry Q Economics C1
Materials Science C Botany R English C2
Solid Mechanics D Microbiology S Linguistics C3
Thermodynamics E Zoology T Philosophy C4
Polymer Science and Engineering F Food Technology U Psychology C5
Food Technology G - - Sociology C6
Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences H - - - -

GATE 2021 Exam Pattern

The Gate paper is conducted every year by one of the IITs. There is no major changes introduced in the exam pattern. Only two new disciplines are introduced this year. Check the exam pattern in the table.

Particulars Details
Examination Mode Computer Based Test (Online)
Duration 3 Hours
Section General Aptitude (GA) and
Candidate Selected Subject
Type of Questions Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs),
Multiple Select Questions (MSQ), and
Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions
Design of Questions Application
Analysis and synthesis
Number of Questions 10 (GA) + 55 (subject) = 65 Questions
Total Marks 100 Marks
Marking Scheme All of the questions will be worth 1 or 2 marks

GATE Exam Pattern 2021: Section-wise Marks Distribution

You can check the Section-wise marks distribution of the different papers in the table. The subjects are divided into to types, one contain 3 sections and other papers contain only 2 sections.

Paper Code Marks Distribution
Distribution of Questions in all Papers except
AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, XH and XL
General Aptitude (GA) - 15,
Engineering Mathematics -13, and
The subject of the Paper - 72
Distribution of Questions in AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, XH, and XL General Aptitude (GA)- 15 and
The subject of the Paper- 85

GATE Exam Pattern: Marking Scheme

There is different marking scheme depend on the paper you are attempting. Check the marking scheme of the different papers in the table below.

Design of Questions

Paper Code General Aptitude (GA) Marks Subject Marks Total Marks Total Time (Minutes)
AE, AR, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, CY, EC, EE, ES, EY, IN, MA, ME, MN, MT, PE, PH, PI, TF, ST, and BM 15 85 100 180
GG [Part A + Part B (Section 1 Geology OR Section 2 Geophysics)] 15 25 + 60 100 180
XE (Section A + Any TWO Sections) 15 15 + (2 x 35) 100 180
XH (Section B1 + Any ONE Section) 15 25 + (1 x 60) 100 180
XL (Section P + Any TWO Sections) 15 25 + (2 x 30) 100 180

GATE Syllabus: General Aptitude

The General Aptitude (GA) paper is a common Subject for all Branch Papers. It holds 15% of the total marks. The questions in GA are based on verbal ability and numerical ability. The two subsections in the GA section are explained below:

1. Verbal Ability: The following topics are asked in this section:

➤English Grammar

➤Sentence Completion

➤Verbal Analogies

➤Word Groups


➤Critical Reasoning

Verbal Deduction

2. Numerical Ability:  This section questions test the basic mathematical skills of candidates. The subtopics included in this section are as follows:

➤Numerical computation

➤Numerical Estimation

➤Numerical Reasoning

➤Data Interpretation

GATE Syllabus: Subject-Wise topics

You can check the main topics of each subject that are asked in the GATE exam. The elaborated syllabus of each topics/subject is given in the table below.

General Aptitude Syllabus (Common for all papers)
Verbal Ability Numerical Ability
Biomedical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Electrical Circuits
Analog and Digital Electronics Signals and Systems
Measurement and Digital Electronics Sensors and Bioinstrumentations
Medical Imaging System Biomaterials
Human Anatomy and Physiology Biomechanics
Aerospace Engineering Syllabus
Fourier Series Laplace Transforms
Numerical methods for linear and nonlinear algebraic equations Numerical integration and differentiation.
Dynamic stability Euler angle
Equations of motion Aerodynamic forces and moments, stability & control derivatives
Decoupling of longitudinal and lateral-directional dynamics Longitudinal modes; lateral-directional modes.
Orbit transfer In-plane and out-of-plane
Elementary ideas of viscous flows including boundary layers Wind Tunnel Testing
Measurement and visualization techniques Vibration of  beams
Theory of elasticity Equilibrium and compatibility equations
Airy’s stress function
Agriculture Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Farm Machinery
Farm Power Soil and Water Conservation Engineering
Irrigation and Drainage Engineering Agricultural Processing Engineering
Dairy and Food Engineering
Architecture & Planning Syllabus
Architecture and Design Building Materials, Construction, and Management
Building and Structures Environmental Planning and Design
Urban Design Urban Planning and Housing
Planning Techniques and Management Services, Infrastructure, and Transportation
Biotechnology Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics General Biotechnology
Recombinant DNA Technology Plant and Animal Biotechnology
Bioprocess Engineering and Process Biotechnology
Civil Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Structural Engineering
Geotechnical Engineering Water Resources Engineering
Environmental Engineering Transportation Engineering
Geomatics Engineering
Chemical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Process Calculations and Thermodynamics
Fluid Mechanics and Mechanical Operations Heat Transfer
Mass Transfer Chemical Reaction Engineering
Instrumentation and Process Control Plant Design and Economics
Chemical Technology
Computer Science and Information Technology Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Digital Logic
Computer Organization and Architecture Programming and Data Structures
Algorithms Theory of Computation
Compiler Design Operating System
Databases Computer Networks
Chemistry Syllabus
Physical Chemistry Organic Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Electronics and Communication Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Networks, Signals, and Systems
Electronic Devices Analog Circuits
Digital Circuits Control System
Communication Electromagnetics
Electrical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Electrical Circuits
Electromagnetic Fields Signals and Systems
Electrical Machines Power Systems
Control Systems Electrical and Electronic Measurements
Analog and Digital Electronics Power Electronics
Environmental Science & Engineering (New)
Environmental Management and Sustainable Development Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Microbiology Water Resources and Environmental Hydraulics
Water & Wastewater Treatment and Management Air and Noise Pollution
Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Global and Regional Environmental Issues
Ecology and Evolution Syllabus
Ecology Evolution
Mathematics and Quantitative Ecology Behavioral Ecology
Geology And Geophysics Syllabus
Geology Geophysics
Instrumentation Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Control Systems
Electrical Circuits Analog and Digital Electronics
Signals and Systems Measurements
Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation Communication and Optical Instrumentation
Mathematics Syllabus
Calculus Linear Algebra
Rear Analysis Complex Analysis
Ordinary Differential Equations Algebra
Functional Analysis Numerical Analysis
Partial Differential Equations Topology
Linear Programming
Mechanical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Applied Mechanics and Design
Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Science Material, Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering
Mining Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Mine Development Surveying
Geomechanics and Ground Control Mining Methods and Machinery
Surface Environment, Mine Ventilation, and Underground Hazards Mine Economics, Mine Planning, System Engineering
Metallurgical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Thermodynamics and Rate Process
Extractive Metallurgy Physical Metallurgy
Mechanical Metallurgy Manufacturing Process
Physics Syllabus
Mathematical Physics Classical Mechanics
Electromagnetic Theory Quantum Mechanics
Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics Atomic and Molecular Physics
Solid State Physics and Electronics Nuclear and Particle Physics
Production and Industrial Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Genera Engineering
Manufacturing Processes Quality and Reliability
Industrial Engineering  Operation Research an Operational Management
Textile Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Textile Engineering and Fibre Science
XE-A (Engineering Mathematics Syllabus)
Linear Algebra Calculus
Vector Calculus Ordinary Differential Equations
Partial Differential Equations Complex variables
Probability and Statistics Numerical Methods
XE-B (Fluid Mechanism Syllabus)
Flow and Fluid Properties Kinematics
Integral analysis Differential Analysis
Inviscid flows Dimensional analysis
Internal flows Prandtl boundary layer equations
XE-C (Material Sciences Syllabus)
Processing of Materials Characterization Techniques:
Structure and Imperfections Thermodynamics and Kinetics
Properties of Materials Material types
Environmental Degradation Elements of Quantum Mechanics and Mathematics
XE-E (Thermodynamics Syllabus)
Basic Concepts Law of Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics Cycle Thermodynamics Relations
Ideal Gas Mixtures
XE-F (Polymer Science and Engineering Syllabus)
Chemistry of high polymers Polymer Characterization
Synthesis and properties Polymer blends and composites
Polymer Technology Polymer rheology
Polymer processing Polymer testing
XE-G (Food Technology Syllabus)
Food Chemistry and Nutrition Food Microbiology
Food Products Technology Food Engineering
XL-P (Chemistry Syllabus)
Atomic Structure and Periodicity Structure and Bonding
s, p and d Block Elements Chemical Equilibria
Electrochemistry Reaction Kinetics
Thermodynamics Structure-Reactivity Correlations and Organic Reaction Mechanisms
XL-R (Botany Syllabus)
Plant Systematics Plant Anatomy
Morphogenesis & Development Physiology and Biochemistry
Genetics Plant Breeding and Genetic Modification
Economic Botany Plant Pathology
Ecology and Environment -
XL-S (Microbiology Syllabus)
Historical Perspective Methods in Microbiology
Microbial Taxonomy and Diversity Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells: Structure and Function
Microbial Growth Control of Micro-organisms
Microbial Metabolism Microbial Diseases and Host-Pathogen Interaction
Chemotherapy/Antibiotics Microbial Genetics
Microbial Ecology
XL-T (Zoology Syllabus)
Animal world Genetics
Evolution Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Cell Biology Gene expression in Eukaryotes
Animal Anatomy and Physiology Parasitology and Immunology
Development Biology Ecology
Animal Behavior
XH-B1 (Reasoning and Comprehension) (New)
Reading Comprehension Expression
Analytical reasoning Logical reasoning
XH-C1 (Economics) (New)
Statistics, Econometrics and Mathematical Economics Microeconomics
Macroeconomics International Economics
Public Economics Development Economics
Indian Economy -
XH-C3 (Linguistics) (New)
Areal Typology, Universals, Cross-linguistic Features Language and Linguistics
Levels of Grammar and Grammatical Analysis Historical Linguistics
Sociolinguistics Methods of analysis
Applied Linguistics -
XH-C4 (Philosophy) (New)
Classical Indian Philosophy Contemporary Indian Philosophy
Classical and Modern Western Philosophy Contemporary Western Philosophy
XH-C5 (Psychology) (New)
Perception, Learning, Memory, and Forgetting Cognition: Thinking, Intelligence, and Language
Research Methods and Statistics Psychometrics
The biological and evolutionary basis of behavior Personality
Applications of Psychology Motivation, Emotion, and Stress and Coping
Social psychology Development across the life span
XH-C6 (Sociology) (New)
Family, Marriage, and Kinship Sociological Theory
Research Methodology and Methods Sociological Concepts
Agrarian Sociology and Rural Transformation Indian Society / Sociology of India
Social Movements Sociology of Development

GATE Syllabus 2021: Subject-wise Syllabus PDF

The detailed subject-wise syllabus of the GATE exam is given below in the form of PDF. Click on the PDF correspond to the subject for which you want to check the syllabus.

S.No. Papers Download Syllabus
General Aptitude Click Here
1 Aerospace Engineering (AE) Click Here
2 Agricultural Engineering (AG) Click Here 
3 Architecture and Planning (AR) Click Here
4 Biotechnology (BT) Click Here
5 Civil Engineering (CE) Click Here
6 Chemical Engineering (CH) Click Here
7 Computer Science (CS) and Information Technology (IT) Click Here
8 Chemistry (CY) Click Here
9 Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) Click Here
10 Electrical Engineering (EE) Click Here
11 Environmental Science & Engineering (ES) (New) Click Here
12 Ecology and Evolution (EY) Click Here
13 Geology and Geophysics (GG) Click Here
14 Instrumentation Engineering (IN) Click Here
15 Mathematics (MA) Click Here
16 Mechanical Engineering (ME) Click Here
17 Mining Engineering (MN) Click Here
18 Metallurgical Engineering (MT) Click Here
19 Petroleum Engineering (PE) Click Here
20 Physics (PH) Click Here
21 Production and Industrial Engineering (PI) Click Here
22 Textile Engineering and Fibre Science (TF) Click Here
23 Statistics Click Here
24 Biomedical Engineering (BM) Click Here
25 Engineering Sciences Syllabus (XE) - Any 2 optional sections
Engineering Mathematics (XE A) - Compulsory section Click Here
Fluid Mechanics (XE B) (optional) Click Here
Material Science (XE C) (optional) Click Here
Solid Mechanics (XE D) (optional) Click Here
Thermodynamics (XE E) (optional) Click Here
Polymer Science & Engineering (XE F) (optional) Click Here
Food Technology (XE G) (optional) Click Here
Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences (XE H) (optional) Click Here
26 Life Sciences (XL) - Any 2 optional sections
Chemistry (XL P) - Compulsory section Click Here
Biochemistry (XL Q) (optional) Click Here
Botany (XL R) (optional) Click Here
Microbiology (XL S) (optional) Click Here
Zoology (XL T) (optional) Click Here
Food Technology (XL U) (optional) Click Here
27 Humanities & Social Sciences (XH) (New)- Anyone optional section
Reasoning and Comprehension (XH-B1) (Compulsory) Click Here
Economics (XH-C1) (optional) Click Here
English (XH-C2) (optional) Click Here
Linguistics (XH-C3) (optional) Click Here
Philosophy (XH-C4) (optional) Click Here
Psychology (XH-C5) (optional) Click Here
Sociology (XH-C6) (optional) Click Here

GATE Syllabus 2021: FAQs

Q 1. For how many Discipline GATE is conducted?

Ans. GATE is conducted for 27 Discipline in 2020.

Q 2. For how many papers can a student appear in GATE?

Ans. Student can appear for only one subject.

Q 3. What will be the type of questions for the GATE Exam?

Ans. There will be 4 choices in case of MCQ and no choice in the case of NAT.

Q 4. Is there any negative marking for GATE?

Ans. Yes, There is negative marking of 1/3 of question marks.

Q 5. When will the application form for GATE 2021 be released?

Ans. The Application Form of GATE 2021 start on 14th September 2020.