OTET Syllabus 2023: The detailed and updated OTET Syllabus will be released by the Board of Secondary Education, Odisha (BSEO) along with its official notification. The updated knowledge of the syllabus is the prior step for beginning the preparation. To score good marks in the OTET Exam, Candidates must first check the subject wise syllabus before starting their preparation for the exam. The OTET Syllabus 2023 includes essential details about the subjects and important topics of each subject that are included in the OTET exam 2023. Check this article to know about the complete OTET exam pattern and syllabus for OTET 2023 exam.

OTET Syllabus and Exam Pattern 2023

The Odisha Teachers Eligibility Test, conducted by the Board of Secondary Education, Odisha (BSEO) has a different syllabus for all tiers of the exam. Knowing the complete syllabus is proven to be very helpful for better scores in any exam. Some of the important information of the OTET is tabulated below.

OTET Syllabus and Exam Pattern 2023
Name of the BoardBoard of Secondary Education, Odisha (BSEO)
Examination NameOdisha Teacher Eligibility Test (OTET)
OTET Exam Date 202301st July 2023
Exam Duration150 Minutes
Exam ModeOffline
Exam LevelState
Negative MarkingNo
Official Websitebseodisha.nic.in

OTET Result 2023 Out- Click to Check

OTET Exam Pattern 2023

All the questions will be Objective Type and will not have any negative marking. The exam pattern of the OTET 2023 is as follows below.

OTET Exam Pattern 2023 for Paper 1

  1. There will be no negative marking
  2. The Time Duration for the Paper 1 Exam of OTET 2023 will be 2½ hours.
SubjectsNo. Of QuestionsMarks
Child Development & Pedagogy3030
Language-I (Odia/ Urdu/ Hindi/ Telugu/ Bengali)3030
Language-II (English)3030
Environment Studies3030

OTET Exam Pattern 2023 for Paper 2

  1. The Time Duration for the Paper 1 Exam of OTET 2023 will be 2½ hours.
  2. A total of 150 objective-type multiple-choice questions.
SubjectsNo. Of QuestionsMarks
Child Development & Pedagogy3030
Language-I (Odia/ Urdu/ Hindi/ Telugu/ Bengali)3030
Language II (English)3030
Mathematics & Science60 (30 questions from Mathematics and 30 questions from Science)60
Social Studies60 (30 questions from History as well as Political 
Science and 30 questions from Geography)

OTET Syllabus 2023

The OTET Syllabus is prepared by the Board of secondary education Odisha for the Paper1 and Paper2. For qualifying OTET, candidates need to thoroughly know the syllabus and must start the preparation accordingly. The OTET syllabus 2023 according to the two categories are given below.

OTET Syllabus 2023 For Paper 1

OTET Syllabus 2023 Paper 1

Unit 1- Understanding Child Development during Childhood 
(focus on children at the primary level)

  • Concepts, principles and Stages of child development
  • Characteristics of Physical, cognitive, social, emotional and 
    moral development in Childhood
  • Influence of Heredity and Environment in Understanding the Child

Unit 2- Understanding Learning Process and Learners

  • Learning – concept, nature and individual differences in learning
  • Understanding how a child learns – learning through observation, imitation
  • The understanding low child learns – various methods of learning
  • Basic conditions of learning and promotion of learning through motivation,
     classroom learning environment and teacher behaviour
  • Development of creative thinking

Unit 3- Concept of Inclusive Education and Understanding Children with
 Special needs

  • Concept of inclusive education
  • Addressing the needs of a diverse group of learning in the inclusive 
    classrooms (CWSN, girls, SC / ST)
  • Addressing the talented, creative learning

Unit 4- Approaches to Teaching and Learning

  • Teacher-centred, learner-centred and learning-centred approach
  • A competency-based and activity-based approach
  • TLM – its importance, use and preparation for classroom transaction
  • Teaching competency to handle mono-grade and multi-grade situations

Unit 5- Assessment

  • Continuous and comprehensive assessment
  • Purpose of assessment
  • Assessing scholastic and other scholastic areas
  • Sharing of assessment outcomes and follow up
Section B Language (Odia/ Urdu/ Hindi/ Telugu/ Bengali) 


Unit 1- Learning Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali at the elementary level

  • Aims and objectives of teaching Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali as 
    mother tongue
  • Principles of language teaching
  • Acquisition of four-fold language skills in Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / 
    Bengali viz., listening, speaking, reading and writingInterdependence of four 
    language skills
  • Objectives and strategies for transacting integrated text for the beginners

Unit 2-Teaching, Reading and Writing Skills

  • The technique of developing intensive and extensive reading skills
  • Teaching – learning composition and creative writing
  • A critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning the language for 
    communicating ideas in written form
  • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom, language 
    difficulties and errors


Unit 3- Assessment of learning Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali

  • Assessment of language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, 
    listening, reading, writing – construction of different types of test items
  • Remedial teaching

Unit 4- Language items

  • Part of speech – Noun, Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Adjectives, Conjunction
  • Formation of words – using prefix and suffix
  • Synonyms and antonyms
  • Phrases and idioms

Unit 5- Language Comprehension

  • Reading two unseen passages – one passage from prose and one poem 
    with questions on comprehension, drama, inference, grammar and verbal 
    ability (prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)
Section C: Lnaguage (English)


 Unit 1- Learning English at the Elementary Level

  • Importance of learning English
  • Objectives of learning English (in terms of content and competence 

Unit 2- Language Learning

  • Principles of language teaching
  • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom

Unit 3- Skills in learning English

  • Four-fold basic skills of learning viz., listening, speaking, reading and 
    writing: interdependence of skills
  • Techniques and activities for developing listening and speaking skills 
    (recitation, storytelling, dialogue)
  • Development of reading skills: reading for comprehension, 
    techniques and strategies for teaching, reading (phonic, alphabet, 
    word, sentence and story)
  • Development of writing skills – teaching composition

Unit 4- Assessment of English

  • Assessing language comprehension and proficiency: listening, 
    speaking, reading, writing


Unit 5- Comprehension

  • Two unseen prose passages (discursive or literary or narrative or scientific) 
    with questions on comprehension, grammar and verbal ability


Unit 6- Language items

  • Nouns, Adverbs, Verbs, Tense and Time, Preposition, Articles, Adjectives, 
    Prepositions, Punctuation
Section D- Mathematics


Unit 1- Mathematics Education in Schools

  • Nature of Mathematics (exactness, systematic, patterns, preciseness)
  • Aims and objectives of teaching Mathematics
  • Specific objectives of teaching Mathematics

Unit 2- Methods and Approaches to Teaching – Learning Mathematics

  • Methods: Inductive, deductive, analysis, synthesis, play-way
  • Approaches: Constructivist and Activity-based

Unit 3- Assessment in Mathematics

  • Assessment in Mathematics
  • Formal and informal assessment
  • Different types of test items
  • Planning for remedial and enrichment programme in Mathematics


 Unit 4- Number System and Operation in Numbers

  • Number system (natural, whole, rational, real)
  • Fundamental operation on numbers
  • Fractional numbers and decimals – operations in fractional numbers and decimals
  • Factors and multiples – HCF and LCM
  • Percentage and its application


Unit 5- Measurement

  • Measurement of length, weight, capacity
  • Measurement of area and perimeter of rectangle and square
  • Measurement of time (concept of am, pm and time interval)

Unit 6- Shapes and spatial Relationship

  • Basic geometrical concepts (point, line segment, ray, straight line, angles)
  • The geometry of triangles, quadrilaterals and circles
  • Symmetry
  • Geometrical slides (cube, cuboid, sphere, cylinder cone)

Unit 7- Data Handling and Patterns

  • Pictography, bar graph, histogram, pie chart
  • Interpretation of these graphs
  • Patterns in numbers and figures
Section E Environmental Studies


Unit 1- Concept

  • Concept and Significance
  • Integration of Science and Social Science
  • Aims and objectives of teaching and learning EVS

Unit 2- Methods and Approaches

  • Basic principles of teaching EVS
  • Methods: Survey, Practical Work, discussion, observation, project
  • Approaches: Activity – based, theme-based


Unit 3- Evaluation in EVS

  • Tools and techniques for evaluation learning in EVS
  • Diagnostic assessment in EVS


Unit 4- Governance

  • Local – self, Government – State and Central
  • Judiciary

Unit 5- Physical Features of Odisha and India

  • Landscape
  • Climate
  • Natural resources
  • Agriculture and industry

Unit 6- History of Freedom Struggle in India and Odisha

Unit 7- Health and Diseases

  • Nutritional, elements, balanced diet
  • Nutritional, deficiency and diseases
  • Waste materials and disposal
  • First – aid
  • Air and water pollution

Unit 8- Internal Systems of the Human Body

  • Respiratory, circulatory, digestive and excretory system – structure and parts of plant – structure and function


Unit 9- Matter, Force and Energy

  • Matter and its properties
  • Earth and sky, the effect of rotation and revolution of the earth
  • Work and energy

OTET  Syllabus 2023 For  Paper 2

OTET Syllabus 2023 For Paper 2
Child Development & Pedagogy

Unit 1- Child Development (Focus on Upper Primary School Children)

  • Features of Physical, Cognitive, Social, Emotional & Moral development
     during pre-adolescence and adolescence
  • Effect of Heredity and Environment on development
  • Needs and problems of adolescents
  • Individual differences among learners

Unit 2- Learning

  • Learning as meaning-making knowledge and construction
  • How children learn – observation, initiation, trial, error, experience
  • Learning as a social activity
  • Rote learning and meaningful learning
  • Factors affecting learning
  • Strategies for promoting lessons
  • Addressing learners from a diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged 
    and deprived
  • Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties and impairment
  • Addressing the talented, creative and specially-abled learners

Unit 3- Curriculum Teaching-Learning Approaches and Evaluation

  • Teacher-centred, learner-centred and learning-centred approaches
  • Principles of curriculum organization
  • Teaching learning aids
  • Continuous comprehensive assessment of learning, planning and designing 
    achievement tests, rating scale, checklist
  • Test reliability and validity
  • Date representation – mean, mode and median and standard deviation
Language-I (Odia/ Urdu/ Hindi/ Telugu/ Bengali)


Unit 1- Learning Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali at Upper Primary Level

  • Aims and objectives of learning Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali as a 
    first language
  • Principles of teaching mother tongue
  • Development of language skills (speaking, reading, writing and listening)

Unit 2- Teaching Language

  • Intensive and Extensive reading skills at the upper primary level
  • Teaching of non – detailed and detailed texts (prose, poetry)
  • The teaching of composition and creative writing
  • Teaching of grammar
  • Challenges of teaching Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali in multi – lingual 

Unit 3- Assessment of Language

  • Assessment of learning Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali language – listening, 
    speaking, reading and writing
  • Planning and designing achievement tests and other tools for assessment


Unit 4- Elements of Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali Language

  • Comprehension of two unseen passages (one from prose/drama and the other 
    from the poem) with test items on comprehension, vocabulary and grammar.

Unit 5- Language Items

  • Parts of speech (noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjectives, conjunction)
  • Formation of words (pre-fix and suffix)
  • Vocabulary (spelling and meaning of synonyms and antonyms)
  • Phrases and idioms

Unit 6- Contribution of famous literates for development of Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / 
Bengali language

  • Odia – Fakir Mohan Senapati, Gangadhar Meher, Radhanath Ray, Surendra Mohanty, 
    Gopinath Mohanty
  • Urdu – Altaf Hussain Hali, Niaz Fatepuri, Ali Sardar Jafri, Amir Khusroo, Majrooh 
  • Hindi – Bharatendu Harischandra, Mahavir Prasad Dwivedy, Prem Chand, 
    Jayashankar Prasad, Suryakanta Tripathy Nirala
  • Bengali – Rabindra Nath Tagore, Sarat Chandra Chhatopadhya, Tarasankar 
    Bandopadhyay, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bibhuti Bhusan Bandopadhyay
  • Telugu – Srinanthadu, Gurajuda Appa Rao, Kandukuri Veeresalingam, 
    Arudra, C. Narayan Reddy
Language II (English)


Unit 1- Learning English at Upper Primary Level

  • Importance of learning English
  • The objective of learning English

Unit 2- Development of English Language Skills

  • Basic skills of language (listening, speaking, reading, writing), the 
    interdependence of skills
  • The teaching of prose, poetry and composition
  • The teaching of creative writing
  • Principles of language teaching
  • Challenges of teaching English as a second language at the upper primary level

Unit 3- Assessment of learning the English Language

  • Assessment of comprehension and language skills (listening, speaking, reading 
    and writing)


Unit 4- Comprehension

  • Two unseen passages (one from prose/drama and another from poem) with 
    questions on comprehension, grammar)

Unit 5- Language Items

  • Parts of speech, tense, voice change and change of narration, use of an article, 
    use of punctuation mark
  • Vocabulary – meaning and spelling


Unit 1- Mathematics at Upper Primary Stage

  • Nature of Mathematics – logical, systematic, 
    abstractions, pattern, mathematical language
  • Aims and objectives of teaching Mathematics
  • Specific objectives of teaching Mathematics

Unit 2- Methods and Approaches to Teaching – 
Learning Mathematics

  • Methods: induction, deduction, analysis and synthesis
  • Approaches: Constructivist and activity-based

Unit 3- Evaluation in Mathematics

  • Formal and informal evaluation
  • Error analysis
  • Remedial and enrichment programmes


Unit 4- Number System

  • Number System (focus on real and rational numbers)
  • Properties in different number systems

Unit 5- Algebra

  • Basic concepts: terms, coefficient, powers
  • Algebraic equations and their applications (with one variable)
  • Polynomials – operations in polynomials
  • Laws of indices
  • Identities

Unit 6- Commercial Arithmetic

  • Percentage and its application (profit and loss, simple 
    and compound, interest, banking, rebate)
  • Ratio and proportion
  • Variation and its application
  • Square, square root, cube, cube root of natural numbers

Unit 7- Shapes and Spatial Relationship

  • Triangles and Quadrilaterals
  • Angles, complementary and supplementary angles, 
    opposite angles, exterior angles of the triangle
  • Angle sum property
  • Parallel lines and properties relating to parallel lines
  • Congruency and similarities
  • Menstruations (area and circumference of circle,
     higher-order problems relating to area of square, 
    triangle, rectangle, parallelogram, trapezium, 
    Pythagorean theorem)


Unit – 1 : – Nature of Science

  • Aims and objectives of teaching-learning science at the upper primary stage

Unit – 2 : – Methods and Approaches

  • Methods: Observation, Experimentation, Discovery, Project and Problem – solving
  • Approaches: Integrated approach, constructivists approach

Unit – 3 : – Evaluation in Science

  • Tools and techniques for assessing learning in Science


Unit – 4 : – Physical Science

  • Metal, non – metal and metalloid
  • Elements and compounds
  • Symbol, valence and chemical equation
  • Acid, base and salt
  • The physical and chemical changes in matters
  • Force, motion, friction, and pressure in solid, liquid and gases
  • Electricity and current chemical effects of electric current
  • Refraction and reflection of light
  • Solar system and planets

Unit – 5 : – Life Science

  • Biological adaptation among living beings
  • Respiration and transpiration
  • Soil and forest resource
  • Cell structure and function of cell organelle
  • Micro-organisms
  • Adolescence in human beings
Social Studies


Unit 1- Aims and Objectives of Teaching Social Studies

  • Importance of teaching-learning Social Sciences at the upper primary stage
  • Aims and objectives of teaching-learning Social Sciences
  • Specific objectives of teaching-learning Social Science

Unit 2- Methods and Approaches

  • Methods: Survey, fieldwork/trips, project, group work
  • Approaches: Activity – based, theme-based

Unit 3- Evaluation in Social Science

  • Tools and technique for assessment of learning in Social Science
  • Diagnostic assessment and remedial teaching


Unit 4- History and Political Science

  • Methods of historical studies, social, economic and political conditions of the
  • sultanate, Moghul and British period
  • Slave, Khiligi, Tughlaq, Lodi Dynasty
  • East India Company, British Crown, Impact of British rules, Ancient period,
  • Kharabela, Ashoka
  • Soma, Garganga, Surya, fall of Odisha, Odisha under Moghuls
  • The nationalist movement in India
  • Development of Nationalism and Europe

Unit 5- Political Science

  • Indian Constitution
  • Human Rights
  • Governance at the Central, State and Local level
  • Political Parties and pressure groups


Unit 6- Geography

  • Odisha Geography – physical features, climate, agriculture and industry
  • Natural resources (land, water, forest and wild animals, minerals)
  • Atmosphere, biosphere and hydrosphere
  • Earth – crust, internal structure, landscape (hills and mountains, plateau,
  • plains, rivers)
  • Temperature zones of the earth

OTET Previous Year Question Paper- Click to Check

OTET Syllabus 2023- FAQ's

Ans. The OTET exam is held offline, which means the exam is conducted in pen-and-paper mode.

Ans. No, there is no negative marking for any wrong answer in OTET 2023.

Ans. The OTET 2023 is conducted in English language except for the language paper which is conducted in Odia language.

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