CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2023-24

CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2023-2024: The Central Board of Secondary Education has recently come up with a revised pattern of syllabus for Maths subject and released the CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2023-2024 for this academic session at their official website, With the emerging needs of society and the growth of the subject, the curriculum of Mathematics has evolved and students should get habituated to the current pattern to confront their board exams. The CBSE 10th Maths Syllabus 2023-24 primarily focuses to enhance the capacity of students to employ Mathematics in problem-solving scenarios in day-to-day life. 

CBSE 10th Maths Syllabus 2023-2024

As it is already known Maths comes with practice, students need intense practice of the concepts covered in the CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2023-24. The CBSE 10th Maths syllabus 2023-24 Exam consist of complete details of the entire course structure, along with the distribution of marks, and weightage for different units. So, as you start preparing for your board exams, you must ensure that you always abide by the current CBSE 10th Maths Syllabus 2023-24 and keep them handy. As far as Mathematics is concerned it is better to have a thorough knowledge of all the topics without missing any portion in choice in order to confront the board exams easily. Read this entire article to know the proposed curriculum has been tabularized below.

CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus

The CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2023-24 comprises 7 units and 14 chapters which have been indexed in the below table. The corresponding marks for each unit have also been mentioned which highlights the chapters in the unit to be given more importance. The syllabus has been designed to mold the students such that they acquire the ability to solve problems using algebraic methods and apply the knowledge of simple trigonometry to solve problems of height and distance. There are a total of 7 units covered in CBSE 10th Maths Syllabus 2023-24 which include, Number Systems, Algebra, Co-ordinate Geometry,  Geometry, Trigonometry, Mensuration, and Statistics & Probability.

CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2023-24
INumber System06
IIICo-ordinate Geometry 06
VIIStatistics & Probability11
Total Marks80

CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus - Units

The CBSE 10th Maths syllabus 2023-24 for the current academic year which is designed by the Central Board of Secondary Education also highlights the number of periods required to cover each topic, which is helpful for the teachers to get a clear picture of their teaching methodologies. The direct link to download the PDF Version of the CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus  2023-24 has been shared here for the convenience of students to download and preserve throughout this academic year. The topics covered in each chapter under each unit have been discussed below.  

Unit 1- Number System

Chapter 1- Real Numbers

Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic - statements after reviewing work done earlier and after illustrating and motivating through examples, Proofs of the irrationality of  √2,  √3,  √5

Unit 2 -Algebra

Chapter-1. Polynomials

Zeros of a polynomial. Relationship between zeros and coefficients of quadratic polynomials.

Chapter-2. Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

Pair of linear equations in two variables and graphical method of their solution, consistency/inconsistency. 

Algebraic conditions for a number of solutions. Solution of a pair of linear equations in two variables algebraically - by substitution, by elimination. Simple situational problems.

Chapter-3. Quadratic Equation

  1. Standard form of a quadratic equation ax² + bx + c = 0, (a ≠ 0).
  2. Solutions of quadratic equations (only real roots) by factorization, and by using quadratic formulas.
  3. Relationship between discriminant and nature of roots.
  4. Situational problems based on quadratic equations related to day-to-day activities (problems on equations reducible to quadratic equations are excluded).

Chapter-4. Arithmetic Progression

  1. Motivation for studying Arithmetic Progression Derivation of the nth term and sum of the first n terms of A.P.
  2. Their application in solving daily life problems.

Unit 3 Coordinate Geometry

Review: Concepts of coordinate geometry, graphs of linear equations. Distance formula. Section formula (internal division).

Unit 4 Geometry

Chapter-1. Triangles

Definitions, examples, and counter examples of similar triangles.

  1. (Prove) If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in distinct points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio.
  2. (Motivate) If a line divides two sides of a triangle in the same ratio, the line is parallel to the third side.
  3. (Motivate) If in two triangles, the corresponding angles are equal, their corresponding sides are proportional and the triangles are similar.
  4. (Motivate) If the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional, their corresponding angles are equal and the two triangles are similar.
  5. (Motivate) If one angle of a triangle is equal to one angle of another triangle and the sides including these angles are proportional, the two triangles are similar.

Chapter-2. Circles 

  1. Tangent to a circle at, the point of contact
  2. The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.
  3. The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal.

Unit 5-Trigonometry

Chapter 1. Introduction of Trigonometry

Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a right-angled triangle. Proof of their existence (well defined); motivate the ratios whichever are defined at 0o and 90o. Values of the trigonometric ratios of 30°, 45°, 60°. Relationships between the ratios.

Chapter-2. Trigonometric Identities

Proof and applications of the identity sin²A + cos²A = 1. Only simple identities to be given.

Chapter-3. Heights and Distances-Angle of elevation, Angle of Depression

  1. Simple problems with heights and distances.
  2. Problems should not involve more than two right triangles.
  3. Angles of elevation/depression should be only 30°, 45°, 60°.

Unit 6 -Mensuration 

Chapter-1. Areas Related to Circles

Area of sectors and segments of a circle. Problems based on areas and perimeter/circumference of the above-said plane figures. (In calculating the area of a segment of a circle, problems should be restricted to the central angles of 60°, 90° and 120° only.

Chapter-2. Surface Area and Volumes

Surface areas and volumes of combinations of any two of the following: cubes, cuboids, spheres, hemispheres and right circular cylinders/cones.

Unit 7 -Statistics & Probability

Chapter-1. Statistics:

Mean, median and mode of grouped data (bimodal situation to be avoided).

Chapter-2. Probability: 

Classical definition of probability. Simple problems on finding the probability of an event.

Internal Assessment – (20 Marks)

Pen Paper Test and Multiple Assessment10 marks
Portfolio05 marks
Lab Practical (Lab activities to be done from the prescribed books)05 marks
Total20 marks

CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2023-24 - Objectives

  1. Integrate the Mathematical skill, technique and knowledge acquired at the upper primary stage.
  2. Gain knowledge and, particularly by way of visualization, of basic concepts, definitions, principles and symbols and underlying processes and skills.
  3. Develop Proficiency of basic algebraic skills.
  4. Develop drawing skills and develop measurements skills for defining areas.
  5. Feel the flow of reason while proving a result or solving a problem.
  6. Develop ability to analyze and think logically.

How can I be brilliant in Class 10 maths?

A) Do all of the homework- Don’t ever think of homework as a choice. It’s the most important way that students practice and master the concepts taught in class. Set up a regular time and place that makes doing the homework feel automatic.

B) Fight not to miss class. Math class moves fast, teaching a new concept every day. What students do today builds towards tomorrow. Math punishes absences; to keep up, students have to make time to come back and learn what they missed. So if there’s an optional appointment to be made, take care not to schedule it during math.

C) Analyze and understand every mistake: Our culture has become perfection-focused, and it’s tempting to ignore our mistakes. Students want to pass over a mistake made on homework or a test, to just let it go. But it’s important to fix mistakes and understand why they were made; otherwise, we’re doomed to repeat them. Take time to figure out the thinking behind a mistake, and figure out how to do it right. Ask the teacher if you’re unclear. In advanced classes, it can be helpful to write a paragraph of reflection about why errors were made.

D) Basic skills are essential: Quick: what’re 9 times 7? To be successful, students must be able to answer this correctly in their sleep. The multiplication tables are the basis for most high school math problems. If your child doesn’t know them, practice! Make flashcards, buy a computer program, and practice, practice, practice.

Related Links
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2023-24 CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2023-24
CBSE Class 10 English Syllabus 2023-24CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2023-24
CBSE Class 10 Hindi Syllabus 2023-24 


CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2023-24: FAQs

Yes, the CBSE has released the revised CBSE Class 10 Maths syllabus 2023-24 for the current academic session.

Ans. CBSE 10th Maths Syllabus 2023-24 is not that tough for students. If students study with proper planning they can properly get good marks in board exams.

Ans. In CBSE Class 10 Maths syllabus 2023-24, there are totally 7 units and 14 chapters covered.

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