The National symbols of India depict the country’s image and have been chosen very carefully. The national symbols define the country and its ethnic culture. The national animal of India is chosen to be the Royal Bengal Tiger. In Hindu mythology and the Vedic era, the tiger was a symbol of power. It was often depicted as the animal vehicle of the various forms of Goddess Durga. India is home to 80 percent of tigers in the world. The Royal Bengal Tiger has featured in Indian currency notes as well as postage stamps.

In this article, we are providing you with complete information on the national animal of India which is the Royal Bengal Tiger.

National Animal of India: Royal Bengal Tiger


National Animal of India

The national animal of India is the magnificent Royal Bengal Tiger. Its scientific name is Panthera tigris tigris. The Bengal Tiger is a striped animal with a thick yellow coat of fur with dark stripes. The Royal Bengal tiger is the symbol of strength, agility, and grace. The Royal Bengal Tiger is majestic, regal and lethal at the same time which makes it one of the most distinguished carnivores among the Indian fauna. It is known for its mystic and charming features that set it apart from the rest of the wild animals found anywhere in India. It is these qualities that makes it the national animal of India. 

National Animal of India: Scientific Classification

The scientific classification of the national animal of India, Royal Bengal Tigers is as follows:

SpeciesPanthera tigris
SubspeciesPanthera tigris tigris

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National Animal of India: Where is it Found?

The national animal of India is mainly found in the following places.

Grasslands and dry scrub land (Ranthambore in Rajasthan)

Tropical and subtropical rainforests (Corbett in Uttarakhand/Periyar in Kerala)

Mangroves (Sunderbans)

Both wet and dry deciduous forests (Kanha in Madhya Pradesh/Simlipal in Odisha).

Life Span of A Tiger

Bengal tiger has an average lifespan of 8 to 10 years in the wild.

The maximum lifespan of the wild specimen is about 15 years.

Very few tigers reach the 15 years in the wild because they eventually become too weak to hunt large animals.

In captivity, Bengal tigers can live as long as 18 to 20 years.

India's National Animal: Project Tiger

By 1973, the population fo the tiger started dwindling at a rapid rate. Therefore, to preserve the regal and majestic animal Project Tiger was initiated in April 1973. The Project Tiger aims at protecting them from extinction, and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage forever represented as close as possible the diversity of ecosystems across the distribution of tigers in the country.

The national animal of India, the Royal Bengal Tiger was adopted as the national animal in April 1973.

In 1973, Project Tiger was initiated to protect the dwindling population of tigers in India during Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's tenure.

Kailash Sankhala was the first director of Project Tiger.

Prior to 1973, the lion was the national animal of India.

At present India has 50 tiger reserves which are governed by Project Tiger.

List of National Animals of All Countries

Here is the full list of National Animals of all Countries.

List of National Animals of All Countries
CountriesNational Animal
AfghanistanMarco Polo Sheep
BangladeshRoyal Bengal Tiger
ChinaChinese Dragon
ColombiaAndean Condor
CubaCuban Crocodile
Cyprusmouflon sheep
EgyptSaladin's Eagle
EnglandLion, Bulldog
FinlandBrown Bear
FranceGallic Rooster
IndiaRoyal Bengal Tiger
IraqKomodo Dragon
IrelandIrish Wolfhound, Red Deer
JapanPheasant, Koi
MalaysiaMalayan Tiger
New ZealandMoose
PolandWhite Eagle
PortugalIberian wolf
Puerto RicoCoqui
RussiaRussian Brown Bear
ScotlandUnicorn and Lion
South AfricaSpringbok Antelope
South KoreaKorean Tiger
Sri LankaLion
TaiwanFormosan Black Bear
ThailandThai Elephant
United States of AmericaAmerican Bison
VietnamWater Buffalo
ZimbabweSable Antelope

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National Animal of India- FAQs

Ans: The Royal Bengal Tiger is the national animal of India.

Ans: The national animal of India was adopted in April 1973.

Ans: The River Dolphin is the national aquatic animal of India. The Gange River Dolphin is a rare species of dolphins found only in Indian and its neighbor countries.

Ans: Markhor is the national animal of Pakistan.

Ans: American Bison is the national animal of Pakistan.

Ans: The average lifespan of a tiger is 8 to 10 years in the wild.

Ans: The Royal Bengal tiger is the symbol of strength, agility, and grace.

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