Article 52 of the Indian Constitution states that there shall a President of India. The president is the nominal head of the government, he acts on the advise of the Prime Minister (Council of Minister). All the executive action is taken on the name of President of India. All the MoU signed with any foreign country are on the name of the President of India. The First president of India was Dr. Rajandra Prasad while the current President of India is Shri Ram Nath Kovind. He was elected as the president on 25th July 2017. Let’s have a look at the list of the candidates who have been elected as a President so far.
He is the constitutional head of the parliamentary system of the government. He is also the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces. He represents the nation but does not rule it. The real power vests with the council of ministers.
President is elected by the electoral college of
(i) elected members of both house of the Parliament
(ii) elected members of state legislatures
(iii) elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Delhi and Puducherry (added by 70th amendment Act, 1992).
Elected for five years but eligible for immediate re- election and can serve any number of terms.
The President can be removed from the post in case it is found that there is any violation of the constitution by the president. This impeachment can be moved in either house of parliament.
The Vice President acts as President in the absence of the president due to death, resignation, impeachment, or other situations if the Vice President seat is vacant then the Chief Justice of India acts as the President of the India.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first president of India while Shri Ram Nath Kovind is the present present of India. The chronological sequence of the presidents of India is given in the table below. Check all the president of India.
|Name||Starting date||Closing date||Profiles|
|1. Dr. Rajendra Prasad||January 26th, 1950||May 13th, 1962||He was the first President of republic India.|
|2. Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan||May 13th, 1962||May 13th, 1967||He was the 2nd President of India.|
|3. Dr Zakir Hussain||May 13th, 1967||May 3rd, 1969||He was the 3rd President of India.|
|4. Varahagiri Venkata Giri||May 3rd, 1969||July 20th, 1969||He was acting President because of Hussain’s death.|
|5. Mohammad Hidayatullah||July 20th, 1969||August 24th, 1969||He was acting President till Giri’s presidency.|
|6. Varahagiri Venkata Giri||August 24th, 1969||August 24th, 1974||He was the 4th President of India.|
|7. Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed||August 24th, 1974||February 11th, 1977||He was the 5th President of India.|
|8. Basappa Danappa Jatti||February 11th, 1977||July 25th, 1977||He was a chief minister of the Mysore but got elected as President, After the death of Ahmed.|
|9. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy||July 25th, 1977||July 25th, 1982||Reddy was the 6th President of India unopposed.|
|10. Giani Zail Singh||July 25th, 1982||July 25th, 1987||He was the 7th President of India and was also a member of the Congress party.|
|11. Ramaswamy Venkataraman||July 25th, 1987||July 25th, 1992||He was the 8th President of India. He was also a lawyer and a professional politician.|
|12. Shankar Dayal Sharma||July 25th, 1992||July 25th, 1997||He was the 9th President of India, and he was also a member of the National Congress party of India.|
|13. Kocheril Raman Narayanan||July 25th, 1997||July 25th, 2002||He was the 10th President of India and the best diplomat in India.|
|14. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam||July 25th, 2002||July 25th, 2007||He was the 11th President of India, and he was a great scientist. He worked in ISRO and DRDO organizations.|
|15. Pratibha Patil||July 25th, 2007||July 25th, 2012||She was the 12th President of India, and she was the first woman to Be President.|
|16. Pranab Mukherjee||July 25th, 2012||July 25th, 2017||He was the 13th President of India, and he was also a senior leader of the National Congress party.|
|17. Shri Ram Nath Kovind||July 25th, 2017||Working||He is the 14th President of India, and he is also ex-governor Of Bihar.|
The Indian Constitution's Article 58 states a few conditions for a candidates to be eligible for the election of the president. Some of the following have given below:
The President should be a citizen of India.
The President must be above the age of 35 years.
The President should be qualified for election as member of the Lok Sabha.
The President of India should not contain any office of profit under the State Government, Union, and other local authorities.
Presidents of India: Important Facts
Till date seven Presidents have been members of a political party before being elected.
Six of these were active party members of the Congress Party.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad (first President of India) is the only person to have held office for two terms.
Incumbent President Ram Nath Kovind was the Governor of Bihar before becoming the President of India.
Q 1. Who elects the President of India.?
Ans. The President is elected by an Electoral College, which is explained in the article.
Q 2. What is the term of the office of the President?
Ans. The President shall hold office for a term of 5 years.
Q 3. Who conducts the election of President of India?
Ans. The Election Commission of India conducts the election od the President of India.
Q 4. Who is the first President of India?
Ans. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the First President of India.
Q 5. Who is the President of India?
Ans. Shri, Ram Nath Kovind is the President of India.