How many High Courts in India 2020?

High Courts in India: Overview

Total High Courts in India

The total number of high courts in India is 25. The list High Courts for all states and union territories with established year is given below:

List of High Courts in India
Name Year Territorial 
Kolkata 1862 West Bengal, Andman & Nicobar Islands Kolkata ( Bench of port Blair)
Bombay 1862 Maharastra, Dadar, & Nagar Haveli. Goa, Daman  Diu Mumbai (Bench at Panaji, Aurangabad and Nagpur)
Chennai 1862 Tamil Nadu & Pondicherry Chennai (Bench at Madurai)
Allahabad 1866 Utter Pradesh Allahabad (Bench at Lucknow)
Karnataka 1884 Karnataka Bengaluru (Bench at Dharwad and Gulbarga)
Patna 1916 Bihar Patna
Jammu & Kashmir 1928 Jammu & Kashmir Sri Nagar & Jammu
Punjab & Haryana 1947 Punjab, Haryana , Chandigarh Chandigarh
Guwahati 1948 Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh Guwahati (Bench at Kohima, Aizawl and Itanagar
Orissa 1948 Orissa Cuttack
Rajasthan 1949 Rajasthan Jodhpur ( Bench – Jaipur)
Madhya Pradesh 1956 Madhya Pradesh Jabalpur (Bench –Indore , Gwalior)
Kerala 1958 Kerala & Lakshadweep Ernakulam
Gujarat 1960 Gujarat Ahmedabad
Delhi 1966 Delhi Delhi
Himachal Pradesh 1966 Himachal Pradesh Shimla
Sikkim 1975 Sikkim Gangtok
Chhattisgarh 2000 Chhattisgarh Bilaspur
Uttarakhand 2000 Uttarakhand Nainital
Jharkhand 2000 Jharkhand Ranchi
Tripura 2013 Tripura Agartala
Manipur 2013 Manipur Imphal
Meghalaya 2013 Meghalaya Shillong
Andhra Pradesh 2019 Andhra Pradesh Amravati
Telangana 2019 Telangana Hyderabad

Appointment of the Judges

Qualifications for the Judges


Removal of the Judges

Salary of High Court Judge

Powers and Functions of High Court

High Court has the following jurisdiction and powers:

1) Power to issue certain writs:-Every High Court has the power to issue writs of habeus corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo-warranto and certiorari for the enforcement of Fundamental Rights or for other purpose.

2) Power of Superintendence: Every High Court has superintendence over all Courts and Tribunals throughout the territories in relation to which it exercises jurisdiction.

3) Power to transfer case: If the High Court is satisfied that a case pending in a court subordinate to it involves a substantial question of law as to the interpretation of the Constitution, the determination of which is necessary for the disposal of the case, it shall withdraw the case and may-

4) Consultation in the appointment and posting etc. of District Judges: The High Court is consulted by the Governor in the appointment, posting and promotion of District Judges. It is also consulted in the appointment of other members of the State Judicial Service.

5) Control over subordinate courts: The control over district court and courts subordinate thereto including the posting and promotion of and the grant of leave to persons belonging to the judicial service of a State and holding any post inferior to the post of district judge is vested in the High Court.

6) Other original and appellate powers: Hight Court has original and appellate jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters as conferred by the Codes of Civil and Criminal Procedure and the Letters of Patent.

High Courts in India: FAQs

Q1. How many high courts are there in India 2020?

Ans. There are 25 High Courts in India now.

Q2. Which is the newly constituted High Court in India?

Ans. Telangana and Andhra Pradesh High Courts were established in 2019.

Q3. Which state of India does not have its own High Court?

Ans. Goa, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland does not have its own high court.

Q4. Which is the biggest High Court in India?

Ans. Allahabad High Court is one biggest High Court in India.