Hindi Alphabets, Varnamala & Letters

 

Hindi Alphabet: Learning Hindi Alphabets or Hindi Varnamala is quite complicated as compared to English alphabets. Hindi Alphabet Chart is written in Devnagri Lipi and is the Hindi language is the mother tongue of India. Each letter in the Hindi alphabet chart or Hindi Varnamala has its own independent and distinct sound as these are pronounced exactly as they are written. Hindi is much easier to learn but still many students find it difficult to remember.  

Hindi Alphabet (हिंदी वर्णमाला)

Unlike English, in Hindi also the alphabets are defined as Vowels (स्वर) and Consonants (व्यंजन). In this section, we have discussed the complete Hindi Varnamala along with its classification. There is a total of 13 vowels and 36 consonants letters in the Hindi Alphabet Chart or Hindi Aksarhmala which has been discussed separately. 

Hindi Alphabet- Vowel (स्वर)

वे वर्ण ,जिनके उच्चारण के लिए किसी दूसरे वर्ण की सहायता की आवश्यकता नहीं होती है या स्वतंत्र रूप से बोले जाने वाले वर्ण ,स्वर (Hindi Swar) कहलाते है।

हिंदी वर्णमाला- स्वर

ई 

 ऐ 

अं

अः

 

Hindi Alphabet- Consonants (व्यंजन)

जिन वर्णो का उच्चारण स्वरों की सहायता के विना नहीं हो पाता है ,उन्हें व्यंजन वर्ण (Hindi Vyanjan) कहते है।  जैसे - क (क्+अ)

हिंदी वर्णमाला- व्यंजन

क्ष

त्र

ज्ञ

Hindi Alphabet- Dependent Vowels (आश्रित स्वर)

मात्रा स्वर का ही एक रूप होता है। जो स्वर का ही प्रतिनिधित्व करता है मात्राओं (Dependent Vowels) की संख्या 11 होती है। लेकिन दृश्य रूप में मात्राओं की संख्या 10 होती है।

हिंदी वर्णमाला- मात्राएँ

ि

 

Hindi Varnamal Chart

Make your child learn the complete Hindi Varnamala Chart for all the Hindi letters from the below image and make them memorise Hindi Alphabet on their fingers. Try them to sing the chart as it will be easy to get memorised. 

Hindi Alphabet-Varnamala

Hindi Alphabet in English

Sometimes pronouncing Hindi Alphabets or Hindi Varnamala is the problem, however, we have made it easy for you as the below chart displays the pronunciation of Hindi Aksharmala with the English alphabets. Make your child pronounce the Hindi Alphabet correctly. 

Hindi Varnamala in English

अ (a)

आ (aa)

इ (e)

ई (i)

उ (u)

ऊ (oo)

ऋ (ri)

ए (a)

 ऐ (ae)

ओ (o)

औ (ao)

अं (am)

अः (a:)

क (k)

ख (kh)

ग (g)

घ (gha)

ङ (nga)

च (ca)

छ (chha)

ज (ja)

झ (jha)

ञ (nya)

ट (ta)

ठ (thh)

ड (da)

ढ (dh)

ण (n)

त (t)

थ (tha)

द(d)

ध (dha)

न (na)

प (p)

फ (fa)

ब (b)

भ (bha)

म (ma)

य (y)

र (r)

ल (la)

व (v)

श (sha)

ष (shha)

स (sa)

ह (ha)

क्ष (ksh)

त्र (tra)

ज्ञ (jna)

Interesting Facts to know about Hindi

  1. There are 13 vowels and 36 consonants in Hindi Letters Chart.
  2. Hindi is the fourth most spoken language in the world including India & other countries.
  3. More than 435 million people speak the Hindi language.
  4. Hindi is the official language of India apart from English.
  5. Hindi is the Official Language of Bihar, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand states.
  6. Hindi is also spoken in other countries- Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad & Tabago, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka

Hindi Alphabet, Varnamala & Letters: FAQs

Q. हिंदी वर्णमाला में कितने व्यंजन होते है?

हिंदी वर्णमाला में 36 व्यंजन होते हैI

Q. हिंदी वर्णमाला में कितने स्वर होते है?

हिंदी वर्णमाला में 13 स्वर होते हैI

Q. How many Hindi letters are in the Hindi alphabet chart?

There are 13 vowels and 36 consonants in Hindi Varnamala

Q. Is Hindi Alphabet sufficient to learn Hindi language?

No, this the the basics to learn the Hindi language