Full Form of Computer and Related Full Forms, Abbrevations

Computer Full Form

Full form of Computer: A computer is an electronic machine that accepts data from the user, processes the data by performing calculations and operations on it and generates the desired outcome or result. The computer is derived from the Latin word ‘computerae’ which means ‘to compute’.

Computer = Arithmetic Logical Unit + Control unit

ALU: Arithmetic Logical Unit is used to carry out arithmetic ( addition, subtraction, division, and multiplication ) and logical operation.

CU: Control unit is used to change the order of operations in response to stored information 

What are the categories of computers?

The computer can be categorized in the form of its way to process certain operations. The basic categories are as follows-

  1. Digital Computer
  2. Analog Computer
  3. Hybrid Computer

Computer Generations

First-generation of computer

The time period of the first generation computer is from 1946 to 1954.  Vacuum tubes also known as electronic valves were used in the first generation of the Computer. The first generation computer was the digital computer.

Examples of first-generation computer are: Mark I and Electronic Numerical Integrator And Calculator (ENIAC)

Second-generation of computer

The time period of the second generation is from 1955 to 1964.  Transistor was used in place of the vacuum tube in a second-generation computer. Ferrite core was used for main memory and magnetic disks were used as a secondary memory in second-generation computers. The high-level language was used.

Examples of second-generation computer: IBM 1620 and CDC 3600

Third-generation of computer

The time period of the third generation is from 1964 to 1977.  Integrated circuit(IC) chips were used in place of the transistor. A single Integrated Circuit (IC) chip can contain many transistors, registers, and capacitors. 

Examples of Third-generation computer: IBM-360 and VAX-750

Fourth-generation of computer

The time period of the fourth generation is from 1978 to 1990. In the fourth generation, VLSI was used. The full form of VLSI is a very large-scale integration. An Integrated Circuit Chip which has more than 1000 components embedded is called VLSI. Personal computers were manufactured in this generation.

Example of Fourth Generation: IBM-PC and Apple-Macintosh

Fifth-generation of computer

The period of the fifth generation is from 1991 to the present. In the fifth generation, ULSI chips came in vague. The full form of ULSI is Ultra Large Scale Integration. In the fifth generation, new technologies are introduced for example AI (Artificial Intelligence) and Machine Learning

Abbreviations Related to Computer

Candidates preparing for Competitive exams should aware of some computer terms. These terms can directly ask in the online examination. 

AbbreviationFull-Form
COMPUTERCommon Operating Machine Purposely Used for Technological and Educational Research
ROMRead-Only Memory
CPUCentral Processing Unit
URLUniform Resource Locator
USBUniversal Serial Bus
VIRUSVital Information Resource Under Siege
TCPTransmission Control Protocol
UPSUninterruptible Power Supply
SATASerial Advanced Technology Attachment
RAMRandom Access Memory
SMPSSwitched-Mode Power Supply
CDCompact Disc
DVDDigital Versatile Disc
CRTCathode Ray Tube
DECDigital Equipment Corporation
SAPSystem Application and Products
PNGPortable Network Graphics
IPInternet Protocol
GISGeographical Information system
DDSDigital Data Storage
CADComputer-Aided Design
ACPIAdvanced Configuration and Power Interface
AGPAccelerated Graphics Port
APMAdvanced Power Management
APIPAAutomatic Private Internet Protocol Addressing
HTTPHyperText Transfer Protocol
HTTPSHyperText Transfer Protocol Secure

Candidates preparing for competitive exams should go through whole the article. Every competitive exam whether it’s conducted by state or Central government Cover questions from Computer. Even in some of the exams, a big portion of questions is asked from the computer section. Candidates are advised to go through the frequently asked questions too. We have mentioned important questions in the FAQ section that can be asked in the exam.

Computer Full Form: FAQs

Q.1 What is the full form of ROM?

The full form of ROM is read-only memory.

Q.2 What is the full form of RAM?

The full form of RAM is Random Access Memory.

Q.3 What is the full form of SMPS?

The full form of SMPS is Switched-Mode Power Supply.

Q.4 What is the full form of URL?

The full form of URL is Uniform Resource Locator.

Q.5 What is the full form of CPU?

The full form of CPU is Central Processing Unit.

Q.6 What is the full form of HTTP?

The full form of HTTP is Hyper Text Transfer Protocol.

Q.7 What is the full form of GIS?

The full form of GIS is the Geographical Information system.

Q.8 What is the full form of CAD?

The full form of CAD is Computer Aided Design.

Q.9 What is the full form of DVD?

The full form of DVD is Digital Versatile Disc.