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Essay on Republic Day of India 26th January 2024

Essay on Republic Day of India

Republic Day Essay: Republic Day in India is a momentous occasion that commemorates the adoption of the Constitution of India on 26th January 1950. This day holds immense significance as it marks the transition of the country from a constitutional monarchy to a sovereign republic. The celebration of Republic Day is not merely a ceremonial event but a reminder of the values enshrined in the Constitution and the collective spirit of the Indian people. The journey towards Republic Day began with India gaining independence from British rule on 15th August 1947. However, it was only on 26th January 1950, that the Constitution of India came into effect, replacing the Government of India Act (1935). Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the chief architect of the Indian Constitution, played a pivotal role in shaping the fundamental principles that form the bedrock of the nation.

Republic Day of India 2024

Republic Day signifies the establishment of India as a sovereign, democratic nation. The adoption of the Constitution reflects the country’s commitment to democratic governance, where power is vested in the hands of the people. The national festival is observed throughout every school, college, and private and non-private organization. There are several competitions held in schools, including ones for Dancing, Singing, Essay, and Speaking on Republic Day.

Viksit Bharat’ and ‘Bharat: Loktantra Ki Matruka are the themes of the year’s celebration, which will be attended by French President Emmanuel Macron as Chief Guest on India’s 75th Republic Day.

Purna Swaraj

January 26 holds great significance in the history of India’s Independence. The Congress Session at Lahore on December 29, 1929, issued the Declaration of Independence, which was also known as Purna Swaraj. Furthermore, it was also decided that the 26th January will be observed as Purna Swaraj Day all across India. The complete Independence Day was recognized and commemorated on 26th January 1930 for the first time. It continued to be observed until 1947 when India finally became an independent country.

The Constitution of India

Even after India won its independence, the struggle continued. The country did not have any self-made constitution to rely on. However, a committee was built on 29th August 1947, to draft a permanent constitution for independent India.

Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar, the Father of the Nation, was made chairman of the committee. On 4th November 1947, the committee drafted the Constitution and submitted it to the Constituent Assembly, which was then under the Presidency of Dr. Rajendra Prasad.

The members of the Assembly reviewed the draft of the constitution for over nearly two years and on 24th January 1950, 308 members of the Assembly signed two handwritten versions – in Hindi and English – of the Constitution.


Just like India’s Independence Day, Republic Day is one of India’s greatest successes and achievements. It is one of the reasons why the people of India can practice their democratic rights and responsibilities. One must remember the sacrifices made by our freedom fighters to build a nation that we can call home.


Q1. What is Republic Day?

Republic Day marks the occasion when the Indian Constitution was first adopted.

Q2. When is Republic Day celebrated?

Republic Day is celebrated on 26th January every year. The Indian Constitution came into effect on 26th January 1950.

Q3. Who is the father of the Indian Constitution?

Bhim Rao Ambedkar is the father of Indian Constitution.

Q4. What is the theme of Republic Day 2024?

The theme of Republic Day 2024 is ‘Viksit Bharat’ and ‘Bharat: Loktantra Ki Matruka’

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