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Essay on Republic Day of India 26th January 2023

Essay on Republic Day of India

Republic Day Essay: Republic Day is a national holiday celebrated in India on January 26. It is the day when the Constitution of India came into effect in 1950, superseding the previously existing Government of India Act(1935) and turning the country into an independent republic. It marks the transition of India from a British empire to an Independent republic.

Republic Day of India 2023

The national festival is observed throughout every school, college, and private and non-private organization. There are a number of competitions held in schools, including ones for Dancing, Singing, Essay, and Speaking on Republic Day.

‘Jan-Bhagidari-People Participation’ is the theme of the year’s celebration, which will be attended by the Egpyt President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi as Chief Guest India’s 74th Republic Day.

Purna Swaraj

January 26 holds great significance in the history of India’s Independence. The Congress Session at Lahore on December 29, 1929, issued the Declaration of Independence, which was also known as Purna Swaraj. Furthermore, it was also decided that the 26th of January will be observed as Purna Swaraj Day all across India. The complete Independence Day was recognized and commemorated on January 26th, 1930 for the first time. It continued to be observed until 1947 when India finally became an independent country.

The Constitution of India

Even after India won its independence, the struggle continued. The country did not have any self-made constitution to rely on. However, a committee was built on August 29, 1947, to draft a permanent constitution for independent India.

Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar, the Father of the Nation, was made chairman of the committee. On November 4, 1947, the committee drafted the Constitution and submitted it to the Constituent Assembly, which was then under the Presidency of Dr. Rajendra Prasad.

The members of the Assembly reviewed the draft of the constitution for over nearly two years and on January 24, 1950, 308 members of the Assembly signed two handwritten versions – in Hindi and English – of the Constitution.


Just like India’s Independence Day, Republic Day is one of India’s greatest successes and achievements. It is one of the reasons why the people of India can practice their democratic rights and responsibilities. One must remember the sacrifices made by our freedom fighters to build a nation that we can call home.


Q1. What is Republic Day?

Republic Day marks the occasion when the Indian Constitution was first adopted.

Q2. When is Republic Day celebrated?

Republic Day is celebrated on January 26 every year. The Indian Constitution came into effect on 26th January 1950.

Q3. Who is the father of the Indian Constitution?

Bhim Rao Ambedkar is the father of Indian Constitution.

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