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Scientific Names of Animals And Plants Related GK Questions

Scientific Names of Animals and Plants are the Standard method of identifying species that are widely accepted all over the world. Usually, such scientific names are derived from Latin or Greek languages. This concept of naming was given by Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus. Biologists all over the world follow a set of international codes, namely, the International Code for Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN) and the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) to give scientific names to known organisms. 

The concept of Scientific nomenclature(also called binomial nomenclature) is a “two-name naming system” in which the first word in the scientific name denotes the genus of the organisms and the second word in the biological name represents the species of the organisms. For instance, the scientific name of Tulsi is Ocimum Tenuiflorum. The first word Ocimum denotes the genus and the second-word Tenuiflorum denotes the species of the organism. 

Scientific Names of Animals And Plants

The GK questions on Scientific Names of Animals And Plants have been the favorite topic for the aspirants preparing for NEET as well as for different competitive exams. Go through the quiz below to know the important scientific names that are often asked in the exams and also to boost up your preparation-

Q1. What is the scientific name of a Dog?

A) Loxodonta Africana

B) Mus Musculus

C) Canis lupus familiaris

D) Equus Africanus

Answer: (C) A dog is a domestic mammal of the family Canidae and the order Carnivora. Its scientific name is Canis lupus Familiaris.

Q2. What is the scientific name of a Mango?

A) Mangifera Indica

B) Mangifera indica Cra. Linn.

C) Mangifera indica Linn

D) Mangifera Indica

Answer: (D) A scientific name consists of two parts: the first part indicates the genus name and the second part indicates the species name. Mangifera Indica is the scientific name of mango, where Mangifera indicates the genus name and Indica indicates the species name.

Q3. What is the scientific name of a Hibiscus?

A) Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis

B) Solanum Nigrum

C) Oryza Sativa

D) Helianthus Annuus

Answer: (A) Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis is the botanical name of Hibiscus. It is a species of tropical hibiscus, a flowering plant in the Hibisceae tribe of the family Malvaceae. It is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant in the tropics and subtropical regions. 

Q4. What is the scientific name of a cat?

A) Canis Lupus Familiaris

B) Felis Cactus

C) Bubalus Bubalis

D) Bos Taurus

Answer: (B) The scientific name of a cat is Felis Catus. It is the only species belonging to the Felidae family that is domesticated.

Q5. What is the scientific name of a human being?

A) Homo Sapiens

B) Rana Tigrina

C) Pavo Cristatus

D) Brassica Rapa

Answer: (A) The scientific name of human beings is Homo Sapiens and it was coined by Carl Linnaeus in the year 1758. Homo sapiens was derived from the Latin word, which refers to a wise man.

Q6. What is the scientific name of a  Neem?

A) Rosa Grandiflora

B) Azadirachta Indica

C) Oryza Sativa

D) Ocium Tenuiflorium

Answer: (B) Azadirachta Indica is the scientific name of Neem, it is also known as nimtree, or Indian lilac, and Dogo Yaro or Dogon Yaro in Nigeria, is a tree in the Meliaceae family.

Q7. What is the scientific name of a Tulsi?

A) Ociumum Tenuiflorium

B) Calotropis Procera

C) Helianthus Annuus

D) Azadirachta Indica

Answer: (A) The Tulsi plant is considered sacred in India. It is also known to exhibit medicinal properties. The botanical name of tulsi is Ocimum Tenuiflorium. Here, Ocimum is the genus and Tenuiflorium is the species.

Q8. What is the scientific name of a Tomato?

A) Solanum Tuberosum

B) Solanum Lycopersicum 

C) Solanum Nigrum

D) Solanum Carolinense 

Answer: (B) The tomato is the edible berry of the plant Solanum Lycopersicum commonly known as the tomato plant. 

Q9. What is the scientific name of a Banana?

A) Musa Paradisiaca

B) Calotropis Procera

C) Mimosa Pudica

D) Iberis Amara

Answer: (A) A banana is an elongated, edible fruit – botanically a berry. The scientific name of the banana is Musa Paradisiaca

Q10. What is the Scientific name of an Indian Frog?

A) Agalychnis Callidyras

B) Conraua Goliath

C) Hyla

D) Rana Tigrina

Answer: (D) The scientific name of the frog is Rana Tigrina. Frogs are classified as vertebrates and belong to the Amphibia class

Q11. What is the scientific name of a Potato?

A) Solanum Tuberosum

B) Calotropis Procera

C) Mimosa Pudica

D) Solanum Lycopersicum

Answer: (A) The potato is a starchy tuber of the plant Solanum Tuberosum and is a root vegetable. The plant is a perennial in the nightshade family Solanaceae.

Q12. What is the scientific name of a Tiger?

A) Panthera Leo

B) Panthera Tigris

C) Panthera Pardus

D) Panthera Onca

Answer: (B) The tiger is the largest living cat species and a member of the genus Panthera. The scientific name of Tiger is Panthera Tigris.

Q13. What is the scientific name of Wheat?

A) Mangifera Indica

B) Triticum Aestivum

C) Musca Domestica

D) P. Pardus

Answer: (B) Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain that is a worldwide staple food. The scientific name of Wheat is Triticum Aestivum. 

Q14. What is the scientific name of Brinjal?

A) Solanum Melongena

B) Solanum Tuberosum

C) Solanum Lycopersicum

D) Solanum  Carolinense 

Answer: (A) The scientific name of Brinjal is Solanum Melongena. It is a warm-weather crop mostly cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions of the world.

Q15. What is the scientific name of a Cockroach?

A) Periplaneta Americana and Blatta Indica

B) Periplaneta Orientalis and Blatta Americana

C) Periplaneta Americana and Blatta Orientalis

D) Both A and B

Answer: (C) The American cockroach (Periplaneta Americana) is the largest species of common cockroach and is often considered a pest. The oriental cockroach (Blatta Orientalis), is also known as the waterbug. It is a large species of cockroach. It belongs to the phylum Arthropoda where the body is divided into a head, thorax, and abdomen.

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