Table of Contents
CBSE Class 10 Science Additional Practice Questions Paper 2023-24 has been released by the Central Board of Secondary Education(CBSE) for students of class 10 on the official website at https://cbseacademic.nic.in/. The Class 10 students who are ahead of preparing for the science subject for their board exams can now download their CBSE Science Additional Practice Questions Paper 2023-24 Class 10 and start practicing to confront their revision exams and the main board exams. For the convenience of students, the direct PDF download link for the CBSE Class 10 Additional Practice Questions Paper 2023-24 in the Science subject is provided below.
Class 10 Science Additional Practice Paper Questions 2023-24 (CBSE)
As CBSE Class 10 examinations will begin in a matter of a few months students must go through and practice the CBSE Class 10 Science Additional Practice Paper 2023 released by CBSE for the academic year 2023-24. The CBSE Class 10 Science Board Exam will be of a descriptive nature for which the time allotted is 3 hours for 39 questions.
The question paper of science consists of 39 questions in 5 sections.
All questions are compulsory. However, an internal choice is provided in some questions. A student is expected to attempt only one of these questions.
- Section A consists of 20 objective-type questions carrying 1 mark each.
- Section B consists of 6 Very Short questions carrying 02 marks each. Answers to these questions should be in the range of 30 to 50 words.
- Section C consists of 7 Short Answer type questions carrying 03 marks each. Answers to these questions should be in the range of 50 to 80 words.
- Section D consists of 3 Long Answer type questions carrying 05 marks each. Answer to these questions should be in the range of 80 to 120 words.
- Section E consists of 3 source-based/case-based units of assessment of 04 marks each
Science Additional Practice Paper Class 10 2023-24 with Solutions
The students who are studying for the CBSE Class 10 Science 2023 Examination can download the official Class 10 Science Additional Practice Paper PDF from the below link and practice the questions as per the pattern released by CBSE along with the solution.
|Class 10 Science Additional Practice Paper with Solutions|
|Additional Practice Paper
|Class 10 Science Additional Practice Paper 2023||Solution Link|
CBSE Class 10 Science Additional Practice Questions Paper 2023-24
CBSE Board has released the CBSE Science Additional Practice Questions Paper 2023-24 Class 10 along with the marking scheme for the academic session 2023-2024 at the official website www.cbseacadmic.nic.in. For improved exam performance, students should initiate their practice of the additional papers and make use of the solutions as a reference on multiple times.
Q1. Some types of chemical reactions are listed below.
– double displacement
Which two of the following chemical reactions are of the SAME type?
P) AgNO3 + NaCl —> AgCl + NaNO3
Q) Mg + 2 HCl —> MgCl2 + H2
R) CH4 + 2 O2 —> CO2 + 2 H2O
S) 2 KOH + H2SO4 —> K2SO4 + H2O
(a) P and Q
(b) Q and R
(c) R and S
(d) P and S
Ans. (d) P and S
Q2. Neetu has two test tubes containing dilute hydrochloric acid and dilute sodium hydroxide solution, but they are not labeled. Adding which of the following solutions to the test tubes will help her visually identify the acidic and basic solution?
(a) only vinegar
(b) only baking soda
(c) only sodium chloride
(d) either vinegar or sodium chloride
Ans. (b) only baking soda
Q3. Sonia has aqueous solutions of three salts, sodium acetate, sodium chloride and ammonium chloride in three test tubes. The test tubes are not labelled. On checking, she finds the pH of the solutions to be 4.6, 7.0 and 8.9. Which of the following correctly matches the salts with their respective pH?
|pH 4.6||pH 7.0||pH 8.9|
|A||sodium acetate||sodium chloride||ammonium chloride|
|B||sodium chloride||ammonium chloride||sodium acetate|
|C||ammonium chloride||sodium acetate||sodium chloride|
|D||ammonium chloride||sodium chloride||sodium acetate|
Ans. (d) D
Q4. Galvanisation is a process of coating iron articles with a layer of zinc to prevent the iron from rusting.
The iron is protected even if the zinc coating is scratched and the iron is exposed.
Which of the following is true about how zinc prevents the rusting of iron?
P) A galvanised iron article does not undergo oxidation.
Q) The zinc coating prevents contact of iron with air.
R) Zinc undergoes corrosion more easily than iron.
(a) only P
(b) only Q
(c) only P and Q
(d) only Q and R
Ans. (d) only Q and R
Q5. During purification of a metal by electrolysis, what happens at the negative electrode?
(a) Metal ions lose electrons to become neutral atoms.
(b) Neutral metal atoms gain electrons to become ions.
(c) Neutral metal atoms lose electrons to become ions.
(d) Metal ions gain electrons to become neutral metal atoms
Ans. (d) Metal ions gain electrons to become neutral metal atoms
Q6. Metals are lustrous and shiny especially when their freshly cut surfaces are exposed. Salma cut pieces and compared the lustre of the freshly cut surfaces of the following metals: aluminium, sodium, copper, iron. The freshly cut surface which of these metals is likely to lose its lustre first on exposure to air?
Q.7 Which of the following statements is TRUE about the uptake of water in plants?
(a) It occurs all the time due to diffusion.
(b) Water enters the roots due to osmosis.
(c) At night when transpiration is low, roots do not take up water.
(d) The movement of water from roots to leaves is bidirectional.
Ans. (b) Water enters the roots due to osmosis.
Q.8 Which of the following method/s are useful to prevent fertilisation even when ovulation occurs?
P) surgical blocking of the fallopian tube
R) oral pills
(a) only P
(b) only Q and R
(c) only P, Q and S
(d) only Q, R and S
Ans. (c) only P, Q and S
Q.9 In cattle, having horns is a recessive trait (h) to not having horns (H). When cattle with horns are crossed with cattle that do not have horns, the number of offspring having horns was equal to those not having horns.
Which of the following is MOST LIKELY to be true?\
(a) Both parents are homozygous dominant.
(b) One parent is homozygous dominant.
(c) Both parents are heterozygous.
(d) One parent is heterozygous.
Ans. (d) One parent is heterozygous.
Q.10 Oxygen saturation levels refer to the extent haemoglobin is bound to oxygen. As altitude increases, the atmospheric pressure decreases.
Which of the following graphs correctly represents the oxygen saturation levels as altitude increases?
Ans. (b) Q
Q.11 Patient X was suffering from a pancreatic condition due to which the pancreas was not functioning adequately. Which of the following is a doctor likely to suggest to such an individual?
(a) including a large amount of protein in the diet
(b) eating a diet with low-fat content
(c) eating only carbohydrates
(d) including only liquid foods
Ans. (b) eating a diet with low-fat content
Q.12 When an object was kept at position X in front of a concave mirror, an enlarged and virtual image was formed. Which among the following identifies ‘X’ correctly?
(a) anywhere between the centre of curvature and principal focus
(b) anywhere between the pole and principal focus
(c) exactly at the centre of curvature
(d) exactly at the principal focus
Ans. (b) anywhere between the pole and principal focus
Q.13 The face of the moon that is visible to us is called as the near side and the face of the moon which is invisible to us is called as far side. What colour would the sky appear to an astronaut standing on the “far side” of the Moon and why?
(a) blue, as the Moon’s atmosphere scatters sunlight just like Earth
(b) white, as the Moon’s surface reflect all the light that falls on it
(c) black, as there is no atmosphere on Moon to scatter sunlight
(d) black, as sunlight does not fall on the far side of the Moon
Ans. (c) black, as there is no atmosphere on Moon to scatter sunlight.
Q.14 Plants receive energy from the Sun which they utilise for several processes. The energy utilized for which of the following plant processes gets transferred to the next trophic level that consumes plants?
(a) only growth
(b) only respiration
(c) only transport of substances and reproduction
(d) all – growth, photosynthesis, respiration and transport of substances
Ans. (a) only growth
Q.15 A single displacement reaction is represented below.
PQ + R —-> PR + Q
Which of the following is true about the reactants and products?
Ans. (c) C
Q.16 The action of which among the following is crucial to the formation of ozone?
(c) carbon dioxide
(d) chlorofluoro carbons
Q.17 to 20 consists of two statements – Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Answer these questions selecting the appropriate option given below:
a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A.
b) Both A and R are true, and R is not the correct explanation of A.
c) A is true but R is false.
d) A is false but R is true.
Q.17 Assertion (A): Zinc oxide can be reduced to zinc metal on heating with carbon.
Reason (R): Carbon is less reactive than zinc.
Ans. (c) A is true, but R is false.
Q.18 Assertion (A): Variations always provide a survival advantage to an organism.
Reasons (R): Variations can be caused due to incorrect DNA copying.
(d) A is false and R is true.
Q.19 Assertion (A): Iron filings scattered around a straight current-carrying conductor in a plane perpendicular to the length of the conductor, arrange themselves in concentric circles.
Reason (R): Magnetic field has both magnitude and direction.
(b) Both A and R are true, and R is not the correct explanation of A.
Q.20 Assertion (A): Omnivores receive 10% of their energy from the trophic level below them.
Reason (R): An omnivore is always in the trophic level just above herbivores.
(c) A is true but R is false
Q21. (a) Write the balanced chemical equation for the reaction that is prevented by storing potassium metal under kerosene.
(b) Identify the type of chemical reaction that is prevented.
Ans. (a) 4 K + O2 —> 2 K2O [1 mark]
(b) combination reaction OR oxidation reaction OR redox reaction
Q22. Ravi cultivated mustard, a plant with bisexual flowers, on his farm. His plants were diseased due to a gene defect and therefore had reduced yield. Ravi removed the stamens from the diseased plants and also planted fresh disease-free mustard plants where he removed the pistils. How will Ravi’s strategy help in improving the yield of mustard?
- Ravi made the bisexual flower unisexual thereby encouraging crosspollination instead of self-pollination.
- Cross-pollination will increase variation and thereby the chances of having
more disease-free offspring.
Q23. A plant X was enclosed in a glass jar with some lizards. A similar plant Y was enclosed in another glass jar but without lizards. Both the jars are kept under the same light conditions for a few hours. Which plant is likely to photosynthesize more and why?
Proteinuria is a condition in which significant amounts of protein can be detected in urine. Which process in the nephron is likely to be affected causing proteinuria? Justify.
- Plant X
- Due to respiration of the lizard, the amount of carbon dioxide will increase leading to a higher amount of photosynthesis.
- Filtration or selective reabsorption by the nephron may not be functioning properly.
- Improper filtration will lead to proteins getting filtered even though they are not waste.
Q24. Search mirrors are mirrors that are used to look for hidden objects underneath the cars as shown. The hidden objects can be easily spotted as the mirror provides a wider field of view.
(a) What type of mirrors are generally used to make search mirrors?
(b) With the help of a ray diagram describe the nature of image formed by the type of mirror identified in (a).
Ans. (a) convex mirror
(b)virtual, erect and diminished
Q25. Ramya wants to measure the current flowing through the circuit shown below.
Which among the four ammeters can she use for the same? Show your calculations.
|Ammeter||Minimum Range||Maximum Range|
|P||0 mA||1 mA|
|Q||0 mA||10 mA|
|R||0 A||1 A|
|S||0 A||10 A|
A helical coil whose length is greater than its diameter is connected to a battery as shown below:
(a) How does the magnetic field at point P compare with the magnetic field at point Q? Justify your answer.
(b) State one way in which the strength of the magnetic field inside a current carrying helical coil can be changed?
Ans. From Ohm’s law we have
V = IR
I = V/R
given V = 12 V and R1 = 2 ohm, R2 = 8 ohm and R3 = 4 ohm
net resistance R = R1 + (R2 x R3)/ (R2 + R3)
= 2 + (8 x 4/8 + 4)
= 2 + 32/12
= 2 + 2.66
R = 4.66 ohm
I = 12/4.66
I = 2.58 A
She can use ammeter S to measure the current in the circuit.
The magnetic field at P and Q is the same.
because the magnetic field lines inside the helical coil of wire which
behaves like a solenoid is uniform/in the form of parallel straight lines.
(b) increasing/decreasing the number of turn in the coil
increasing/decreasing the current through the coil.
Q26. Shown below are two food pyramids.
The pyramid representing the land ecosystem is traditional with producers being greater in mass than primary consumers and so on. Sometimes, in aquatic ecosystems, an inverted pyramid exists. Here, the total mass of
producers (phytoplankton) is much smaller than the top consumers (big fishes).
(a) Which level is likely to have the most amount of energy in such an aquatic ecosystem? Give a reason to support your answer.
(b) Such aquatic ecosystems are not considered to be sustainable. Justify this statement.
- Producers will still have the highest amount of energy captured from sunlight which will continue to reduce as we move towards the top of the pyramid.
Q27. Equal sized bars of aluminium and iron are exposed to the environment as shown below:
Which of them is likely to corrode till the level marked by the line FIRST? Justify your answer.
- The iron bar will corrode till the level marked by the line first.
- Iron gets oxidised on exposure to air and moisture. The layer of rust formed on the surface allows air and moisture to pass through and reach the metal, causing corrosion to continue.
- Aluminium gets oxidised on exposure to air. The layer of oxide formed on the surface forms a protective coating that prevents air from reaching the metal and thus prevents further corrosion.
Q28. The electronic configuration of some elements is given in the table below.
(a) Identify any two pairs of elements that will react to form compounds by a transfer of electrons.
(b) Write the molecular formula of the compounds formed by the pairs of elements identified in (a).
A metal X is obtained from its chloride salt by exposure to sunlight.
(a) In which section of the reactivity series of metals- top, middle or bottom, is it likely to be placed? Justify your answer.
(b) Identify the type of reaction the chloride salt of metal X undergoes on exposure to sunlight.
(a) Two correct pairs of elements identified such as:
- Q and R
- Q and U
- T and R
- T and U
(b) the formula for two compounds such as:
(a)Metals at the bottom of the reactivity series are the least reactive. They occur in their free state; their compounds are unstable and hence easily converted to metal.
(b) photolytic decomposition.
Q29. In animals, hormones can be secreted by one organ and can act on multiple organs. Justify this statement by explaining the effect of a single animal hormone on three organs.
- Adrenaline induces the sweat glands to produce more sweat.
- It acts on the heart to increase the contraction of its muscles/pumping causing improved oxygen delivery.
- It acts on blood vessels of the digestive system constricting them.
Q30. If two pea plants having round and green seeds (RRGg) are crossed, identify the percentage of the following with respect to the F1 generation:
(a) gametes having both the round and yellow seed traits
(b) offspring having the same genotype as the parents
(c) offspring having the same phenotype as the parents
Q31. Absolute refractive indices of two media P and Q are 1.33 (nP) and 2.52 (nQ) respectively. The speed of light in medium P is 2 x 108 m/s.
(a) What would be the speed of light in medium Q (VQ)?
(b) If the angle of incidence for a ray of light travelling from medium P to Q is 0°, then what will be the path of light in the medium Q?
(a) nP = (Speed of light in vacuum/ speed of light in medium P)
nq = (Speed of light in vacuum/ speed of light in medium Q)
nP/nQ = VQ/VP
= 1.33/2.52 = VQ / 2 x 108 [0.5 marks]
VQ = (1.33 x 2 x 108)/ 2.52
= 1.056 x 108m/s
(b) the ray will travel undeviated through the medium Q.
Q32. Kaveri conducted an experiment to study the energy efficiency of different bulbs. She connected a bulb A having a resistance of 100 ohms to a 240 V power supply in a laboratory.
(a) How much energy will be consumed by the bulb, if it is kept ON for 4 hours each day for a week? Express your answer in kJ.
(b) Kaveri connects another similar bulb B in series with bulb A and connects the combination to a 240 V supply. Will there be any change in the brightness with which bulb A glows now? Explain mathematically.
(a) Given V = 240 V and R = 100 ohms
Power (P) = V2/R
= 576 W [0.5 marks]
Energy consumed by bulb A = P × t
E = 576 x 4 x 7 × 60 × 60
E = 58,060.8 kJ
(b) When bulbs A and B are connected in series:
Rnet = R1 + R2
= 100 + 100
Rnet = 200 ohms
Total power consumed by bulb A when connected in series with bulb B
Ptot = V2/Rnet = (240)2/200 = 288 W
PA’ = Ptot/2 = 144 W
Power consumed by bulb A when connected without bulb B to 240 V.
= 576 W
As PA’ < PA , the brightness of the bulb A decreases when connected in series with bulb B.
(a) Vijaya connects three bulbs P, Q and R is series with a battery in two different ways using identical conducting wires as shown below. She notices that in case I all three bulbs glow but in case II only the bulbs P and R continue to glow. What could be the reason for the bulb Q to not glow in case II? Explain.
(b) Two resistances when connected in parallel give a combined resistance of 10/3 ohms. When the same two resistors are connected in series, the combined resistance becomes 15 ohms. Calculate the individual resistance of each resistor.
Q34. A carbon compound P has six carbon atoms and twelve hydrogen atoms.
(a) Is P a saturated or unsaturated carbon compound? Justify your answer by drawing the structural formula.
(b) Describe a test that can be used to determine if compound P is saturated or unsaturated.
(c) Name the products that are formed on burning compound P in an excess of air.
A carbon compound P is found to be neutral when tested with red and blue litmus. A gas, that burns with a ‘pop’ sound, is produced when a metal reacts with carbon compound P.
(a) Write the chemical equation for the reaction.
(b) The carbon compound P is heated with concentrated sulphuric acid to produce carbon compound Q.
(i) Write the chemical equation for the reaction.
(ii) Describe the type of flame that Q produces on combustion.
(c) What is likely to be observed on heating compound P with ethanoic acid with an acid as catalyst?
(a) Compound P may be either saturated or unsaturated.
Saturated compound: cyclohexane
(b) burning the compound in an excess of air will produce a sooty flame if it is unsaturated and a clean flame if it is saturated.
(c) carbon dioxide and water
(a) 2 Na + 2 CH3 – CH2OH —> 2 CH3 – CH2O-Na+ + H2
(i) CH3 – CH2OH —> CH2 = CH2 + H2O [1 mark]
(ii) Compound Q (ethylene) burns with a yellow flame with black smoke. [1
(c) A compound with a fruity smell will be produced.
Q35. (a) Certain specialised cells in animals called stem cells have the ability to divide and differentiate into different cell types. This helps in the replacement of a damaged organ.
Name and explain two methods of asexual reproduction that are similar to stem cells and occur mostly in multicellular organisms.
(b) Identify TWO pairs of reproductive organs in males and females that are functionally similar to each other. Justify.
(a) Sagar saw a beautiful rose and smelled it. As he was smelling it, he happened to touch a thorn and pull his hand away.
State TWO differences and similarities each in the way the nervous system performs the two actions.
(b) Are all involuntary actions reflex actions? Justify.
In this process, if an individual organism is cut or broken up into many pieces, many of these pieces grow into separate individuals.
In budding, a small outgrowth or bud forms on the parent organism, which
eventually detaches and develops into a new individual.
testes and ovaries
- Both structures perform the function of producing gametes and hormones crucial for reproduction
- vas deferens and fallopian tube
- Both structures are responsible for carrying the gamete to the site of fertilisation.
- In both cases, the signal is initiated by receptors located at the specific sense organ.
- In both cases, neurotransmitters are released and accepted by neurons to carry the impulse.
- The action of smelling the rose is voluntary whereas pulling the hand away is involuntary in nature.
- While smelling the rose, the nerve impulse reaches the brain and back whereas on touching a thorn the nerve impulse travels only to the spinal cord and back.
– Involuntary actions occur with or without a stimulus whereas reflex actions always need a stimulus.
Q36. Savera passed a beam of white light through a series of equilateral prisms as shown.
(a) What colour(s) will be seen on the screen?
(b) Copy the diagram above and draw the beam entering Prism 1 and emerging from Prism 3 and falling on the screen.
(c) Name all the processes that takes place when the beam of light enters the Prism 1 and emerges from Prism 3.
(a) Rupal suffers from myopia. Where would the image form in her eye?
(b) Name the type of lens that is generally used to correct myopia.
(c) Rupal underwent cataract surgery and her eye lens was replaced with an artificial lens with a fixed focal length, made of a plastic material, silicone. State one likely visual disadvantage that Rupal is likely to experience
as compared to a person who has normal eyesight.
(d) Identify the parts of the eye labelled in the diagram from the descriptions given below by writing the labels as your answer.
(i) It helps in changing the focal length of the lens.
(ii) It causes most of the refraction of the light entering the eye.
(iii) It controls the amount of light entering the eye.
(iv) It acts as a screen on which the image is formed.
(b) 1 mark each for drawing the incident and emergent rays in the three prisms respectively.
Section – E
Q37. Given below is a four carbon skeleton of a hydrocarbon compound.
(a) Fill in the hydrogen atoms/bonds to form:
(i) a saturated hydrocarbon
(ii) an unsaturated hydrocarbon
(b) If the four-carbon skeleton is of a straight chained alkene, draw the
structures of all the possible compounds.
If the four-carbon skeleton is of a straight chained alkyne:
(i) How many carbon atoms may NOT be bonded to any hydrogen atoms?
(ii) How many hydrogen atoms will there be in the compound?
Q38. Ram and Asha were a married couple. They had four children – one of these children had sickle cell anemia whereas the other four children did not show symptoms. Ram and Asha did not show symptoms of sickle cell anaemia. The trait for sickle cell anaemia is not linked to the sex chromosomes.
(a) Is this disease caused by a dominant or recessive trait? Why?
(b) If the child that had sickle cell anaemia got married to a person without a mutation in the sickle cell anaemia gene, what percentage of their children would have sickle cell anaemia? Show the cross.
Identify the genetic composition of the sickle cell anaemia trait in Asha and Ram and use that to predict the genetic composition in the other four children. who did not show symptoms that Ram and Asha had.
– It is recessive.
– If it was dominant, it would have appeared in more than 1 child.
None of the children would have sickle cell anaemia/0% children would have sickle cell anaemia.
- Ram’s genetic composition: Ss
- Asha’s genetic composition: Ss
- Four possible genetic compositions in children: SS, Ss, Ss, ss.
- So, the composition of the other three children would either be Ss or ss.
Q39. Four resistors, a voltmeter and a battery are connected in a circuit as shown below.
(a) What is the net resistance in the circuit?
(b) How much potential difference will the voltmeter connected across the resistor R4 measure?
What is the power dissipated by the resistor R1?
(c) If R3 is removed, will the net current in the circuit increase or decrease or
remain the same? Justify your answer
(a) The net resistance is: R1 + (1/R2 + 1/R3) + R4
= 15 + 10 + 15
R = 40 Ω
(b) Voltage drop across R4 = Net current x R4
Net current = V/R
= 0.2 A
Voltage drop across R4 = 0.2 x 15
= 3 V
Power dissipated by the resistor R1 is given by:
P = I2R1
I = V/R
I = 0.2 A
Power = (0.2)2 x 15
= 0.6 W
– net current will decrease
– because R3 is connected in parallel and removing it will increase the net resistance in the circuit thereby reducing the net current.
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