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50 Vegetables Name for Kids in English and Hindi

Vegetables and fruits are essential for our overall well-being due to their rich nutrient content. They provide vital vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that boost our immune system, promote healthy digestion, and reduce the risk of chronic diseases like heart disease and certain cancers. Additionally, they are low in calories and high in fiber, aiding in weight management and maintaining a healthy Digestive System. Consuming a variety of vegetables and fruits ensures a balanced and nutritious diet, supporting our overall health and vitality. Here we have discussed a few names of vegetables in both Hindi and English.

Vegetable Name

Friends, we are well aware that everyone eats veggies, and you have probably never seen anyone who does not. Our main food component, the vegetable, is also very good for our health. Vegetables of various varieties are farmed throughout. And while we are aware of the names of some of these vegetables, we are not. This is so because while some vegetables are only found in specific regions or nations, others may be found anywhere in the world.

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The vegetable names must be taught in the beginning, especially to young students in the first and second grades, so that they can have a basic understanding of vegetable names (sabjiyon ke naam). So, today we are covering the names of different vegetables for students to help them learn all the names. 

Vegetable Names in English and Hindi

Here is a list of 50 vegetable names written in a table in English and Hindi. 

Vegetable Names in English and Hindi
English हिंदी अर्थ
Tomato टमाटर
Bottle Gourd लौकी
Potato आलू
Pea मटर
Green Chili हरी मिर्च
Cucumber खीरा
Onion प्याज
Cauliflower फूल गोभी
Bitter Gourd करेला
Pointed Gourd परवल
Cabbage बंद गोभी
Beat-root चुकंदर
Bean सेम
Jack-fruit कटहल
Ridge Gourd तरोई
Sponge Gourd नेनुआ (घेवडा)
Ginger अदरक
Capsicum शिमला मीर्च
Pumpkin कद्दू
Brinjal बैगन
Spinach पालक
Coriander Leaf धनिया पत्ता
Round Melon टिंडा
Colocasia Root अरवी
Turnips शलजम
Mushroom मशरूम
Garlic लहसून
Sweet-Potato शकरकंद (गंजी)
Green Onion हरा प्याज
Dill सोया
Radish मूली
Mint पुदीना
Soya beans सोयाबीन
Green-Mustard हरा सरसों
Wild Spinach जंगली पालक
Fava beans बाकला
French beans फ्रेंच बीन्स
Kideny beans राजमा
Drumstick सहजन
Tendli Gourd कुदरुन
White Brinjal सफेद बैगन
Curry leaves करी पत्ता
Tamarind इमली
Raw papaya कच्चा पपीता
Olive जैतुन
Natal plum करौंदा
Keri कच्चा आम/ अमिया
Baby corn मक्का
Cluster beans ग्वार की फली
Amaranth leaves चौराई
Yam रतालु
Ash gourd पेठा
Spine gourd ककोर
Red chili लाल मिर्च
Chickpea काबुली चना
Lotus cucumber कमल ककड़ी
Runner beans सेम की फली
Elephant foot yam जिमीकंद
Cassava कसावा
Chives प्याज का पत्ता
Ceylon spinach पोई
Raw banana flower कच्चे केले का फूल
Bamboo shoot बांस के कोपले
Taro root कान्दू
Cape gooseberry केप करौंदा
Amaranth अम्लान पुष्प
Arugula आर्गुला
Fennel सौंफ
Fenugreek leaf मेथी
Jute Flower सनैल का फूल
Lady-Finger भिन्डी

Examples Of Different Types Of Vegetables 

There are different types of vegetables- Leafy Vegetables, Marrow, Root Vegetables, Allium, Beans and peas. Here below are examples of them. 

Different Types of Vegetables
Types of Vegetables Examples
Leafy Veggies Romaine, spinach, cabbage, coriander, and basil
Marrow Cucumber, pumpkin, and zucchini 
Root Vegetables sweet potato, radish, carrot, and potato
Allium Garlic and onion
Podded Vegetables green beans, lentils, and chickpeas
Nightshade Vegetables Tomatoes, Bell peppers, and Eggplants
Stem Vegetables Asparagus and celery

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  1. Leafy Veggies: These leafy green vegetables are highly nutritious and are usually eaten raw in salads or cooked. Examples include spinach (dark green and tender), lettuce (crisp and refreshing), and kale (nutrient-dense and slightly bitter).
  2. Marrow: These vegetables are included in the squash family and have soft, edible flesh and seeds. Examples include Zucchini (mild and versatile), Pumpkin (sweet and often used in pies), and butternut squash (sweet and creamy).
  3. Root Vegetables: These vegetables grow underground and are rich in carbohydrates. Examples include carrots (orange and crunchy), Potatoes (starchy and versatile), and beets (sweet and earthy).
  4. Allium: Allium vegetables have a distinct pungent aroma and flavor. Examples include onions (sharp and aromatic), garlic (strong and aromatic), and leeks (mild and onion-like).
  5. Podded Vegetables: These vegetables grow in pods and are often eaten in pods. Examples include peas (sweet and tender), and beans (various types like green beans and kidney beans, each with its unique taste and texture).
  6. Nightshade Vegetables: Nightshade vegetables are known for their glossy, edible fruits. Examples include tomatoes (juicy and versatile), bell peppers (sweet and crunchy), and eggplants (earthy and meaty).

National Vegetable of India

The Pumpkin is the national vegetable of India. This humble vegetable, known as “Kaddu” in Hindi, holds cultural significance and is a staple in Indian cuisine. Its vibrant orange color reflects the diversity and richness of the country. Pumpkins are not only tasty but also nutritious, offering a good dose of vitamins and minerals. In Indian households, various delicious dishes like pumpkin curry, soup, and sweets are prepared, showcasing the versatility of this vegetable. Its inclusion in the list of national symbols symbolizes the importance of agriculture in India and the agricultural practices deeply rooted in the nation’s history. The pumpkin’s recognition as the national vegetable serves as a nod to the agricultural heritage and the vital role vegetables play in the daily lives and traditions of the Indian people.

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State Vegetable of Uttrakhand

The state vegetable of Uttrakhand is the “Kandali” also known as “Stinging Nettle”. In Uttrakhand, Kundali is commonly known as “Bicchu Ghass” in Hindi. The term “Bicchu” refers to scorpion, indicating the stinging properties of the plant, while “Ghass” means grass of the plants. It is a plant that grows wild in Uttrakhand and has leaves covered in tiny hairs that can sting if touched. Despite its sting, people in Uttrakhand use it in their cooking and traditional medicines. It is rich in nutrients and has been a part of local cuisine for a long time. People there have learned how to handle it carefully to avoid getting stung. The Kandali plant represents the local environment and the resourcefulness of the people who have found ways to make use of what nature provides in their daily lives.

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Potatoes are like magic in the kitchen! They are not just yummy, but they can be turned into so many tasty treats. You can mash them up with butter for fluffy clouds of deliciousness, bake them until they are crispy on the outside and soft on the inside, or even turn them into crispy fries! Plus, did you know they are full of good stuff like vitamins and fibers that help keep us healthy? So next time you see a potato, remember, that it is not just a vegetable, it is a superfood waiting to be turned into your next favorite meal!

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Importance of Vegetables

Vegetables are essential for balanced and nutritious diets. They provide a wide range of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals that are crucial for maintaining good health. Here we have discussed a few reasons that highlight the importance of vegetables. Including a variety of colorful vegetables in your diet ensures you receive a wide array of nutrients, promoting overall health and well-being.

  1. Nutrient-Rich: Vegetables are packed with essential nutrients like vitamins (such as vitamins A, C, and K), minerals (such as potassium and magnesium), and dietary fiber, which are vital for various bodily functions.
  2. Disease prevention: Regular consumption of vegetables has been linked to a reduced risk of chronic diseases, including heart disease, certain types of cancers, and diabetes. The antioxidants and phytochemicals in vegetables help boost the immune system and fight off harmful substances in the body.
  3. Digestive Health: Vegetables are a great source of dietary fiber, which aids in digestion and helps prevent constipation. Fiber also promotes healthy gut microbiota, which is essential for overall digestive health.
  4. Weight Management: Vegetables are low in calories and fat while being high in fiber. This makes them filling, helping to control hunger and manage body weight effectively.
  5. Bone Health: Certain vegetables, like broccoli and kale, are rich in calcium and vitamin K, which are important for maintaining strong and healthy bones.

Names Of Some Common Vegetables with their Description

Some more examples of vegetables have been tabulated below:

Some Common Vegetables with their Description
Name of Vegetables Description
Brussels Sprouts belong to the family of cabbage and are green edible buds. They are high in fiber and antioxidants.
Drumsticks are pod vegetables and are commonly found in India. It is one of those vegetables that can be consumed whole as well as its seeds, leaves, and stems. They are rich in antioxidants.
Beetroot is a red vegetable and is the taproot portion of the beet plant. It can be used in salads or juices.
Asparagus Asparagus is a plant whose young green shoots are a good source of fiber and vitamins A, K, and C.
Bitter Gourd Bitter gourd, as the name suggests, is a vegetable that tastes quite bitter. It is widely grown in Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean areas.
Cauliflower is a cruciferous vegetable, and the head of the vegetable is consumed. It is a rich source of vitamin B and fiber.
Broccoli Broccoli belongs to the family of cabbage and is an edible flowering plant. It is very low in calories and hence a good choice for those on diets.
Carrot Carrots are orange root vegetables that are commonly consumed all across the world. They are also a good source of vitamin A.
Cabbage Cabbage is a leafy green vegetable that has many layers and is grown annually around the world. This vegetable helps to keep the bad cholesterol under control.
Celery Celery is a vegetable grown in marshlands. It is green in color has a fibrous stalk, and is a rich source of antioxidants.

Interesting Facts About Veggies

Some of the interesting facts regarding vegetables have been discussed below:

  1. Bell Peppers can come in various colors like red, green, yellow, and even purple, each indicating a different stage of ripeness.
  2. Broccoli is a remarkable vegetable as it is not only rich in vitamins and fiber but also contains more protein per calorie than beef.
  3. The heaviest cabbage ever recorded weighed around 130 pounds, emphasizing the incredible diversity within the vegetable world.
  4. Brussels sprouts grow in a spiral pattern along a thick stalk, resembling a mini cabbage tree.
  5. Spinach has a unique ability to regenerate and produce new leaves after harvesting, making it a resilient and sustainable vegetable.
  6. The potato is not only a staple food but also a versatile vegetable that can be used to generate electricity due to its high starch content.
  7. Asparagus can grow up to 10 inches in a single day, making it one of the fastest-growing vegetables.
  8. The humble sweet potato is not only delicious but also packed with nutrients, including beta-carotene, which gives it a vibrant orange color.

Why Should You Learn Vegetable Names?

Learning vegetable names is very important for many reasons. Below, we have mentioned some reasons why students should learn vegetable names. 

  • In a restaurant; you might want to know what you ordered. You probably want to know what’s in the food you just ordered!
  • When asking for a specific vegetable at the grocery store, it can be challenging if you don’t know what it’s called.
  • To follow a recipe and prepare a wonderful dinner, keep these things in mind: – Mixing up your ingredients will ruin a recipe; – Learning certain vegetable names will help you avoid a lot of frustration.
  • People love chatting about food in many languages, especially in small talk circumstances!

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Vegetables Name for Kids in English and Hindi: FAQs

Q1. What are Vegetables?

Ans: Vegetables are plants grown for food, such as lettuce, potatoes, and peppers. They are rich in vitamins, minerals, and fiber, promoting overall health and well-being.

Q2. What are the different types of vegetables?

Ans: The different types of vegetables are: Leafy vegetables, Marrows, Root vegetables, Allium, Podded vegetables

Q3. Name 10 common vegetables.

Ans: Some of the common vegetables are: Potatoes, onions, cabbage, tomatoes, carrots, bottle guard, bitter guard, lady fingers, and radish.

Q4. Name a few leafy vegetables?

Ans: Some of the leafy vegetables are: Spinach, Kale, Lettuce, Swiss Chard, Collard Greens, Arugula, Bok Choy, and Watercress.

About the Author

Mayank Chauhan is a passionate content curator. He has the passion for education to craft engaging and informative materials that resonate with learners of all levels (K-12, UG and PG). With a keen eye for detail and a commitment to quality, he delivers content that inspires, educates, and empowers students.

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