Future Perfect Tense: In English Grammar, The Future Perfect Tense is used to indicate/denotes an action that will take place at a Future date and time. The structure of Future Perfect Tense is Subject + will have/shall have + V3 + Object. So, to make you understand better we have discussed the Future Perfect Tense in a simplified way below.

Future Perfect Tense

 According to the Cambridge Dictionary, Future Perfect Tense is defined as “the form of the verb that is used to show that an action will have been performed by a particular time.” 

According to the Collins Dictionary, the future perfect tense is defined as one “denoting a tense of verbs describing an action that will have been performed by a certain time.” 

The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines the future perfect tense as a tense “relating to, or constituting a verb tense that is traditionally formed in English with will have and shall have and that expresses completion of an action by a specified time that is yet to come.” 

According to the Britannica Dictionary, the future perfect tense is “a verb tense that is used to refer to an action that will be completed by a specified time in the future.”

Structure of Future Perfect Tense

Structure of Future Perfect Tense
TypeGeneral Formula & Rule
Future Perfect TenseSubject + Helping verbs (will + have) + Past participle form of the main verb + the rest of the sentence.

Example of Future Perfect Tense

An example of the future perfect tense is-

  • I will have dressed up by the time you reach home. (जब तक तुम घर पहुंचोगे, तब तक मैं कपड़े पहन चुका होऊंगा।)
  • You will have dressed up by the time they reach home. (जब तक वे घर पहुंचेंगे तब तक आप तैयार हो चुके होंगे।)
  • He will have dressed up by the time you reach home. (जब तक आप घर पहुंचेंगे तब तक वह तैयार हो चुका होगा।)
  • She will have dressed up by the time you reach home. (जब तक आप घर पहुंचेंगे तब तक वह तैयार हो चुकी होगी।)
  • They will have dressed up by the time you reach home. She will be taking her dog for a walk. (जब तक आप घर पहुंचेंगे तब तक वे तैयार हो चुके होंगे। वह अपने कुत्ते को टहलने ले जाएगी।)

Structure of Sentences of Future Perfect Tense

Future Perfect Tense sentences can be in three forms, that is, Positive or Affirmative, Negative, and Interrogative sentences. Below is the structure of all three forms and examples to make you understand better.

Structure of Sentences in Future Perfect Tense
Affirmative/Positive form
Subject + will + have + Verb(3 form) + Object

 Example of Affirmative Sentence-

  • You will have left for London by the time by the time she is back. (जब तक वह वापस आएगी तब तक आप लंदन के लिए निकल चुके होंगे।)
  • Calvin will have gone by the time you reach there by bus. (जब तक तुम बस से वहाँ पहुँचोगे तब तक केल्विन जा चुका होगा।)
  • I will have walked 15km by that time. (मैं उस समय तक 15km चल चुका होगा।)
  • The plant will have grown by then. (तब तक पौधा बड़ा हो चुका होगा।)
Structure of Sentences in Future Perfect Tense
Negative form
Subject + will not+ have + Verb(3rd form) + Object

Example of Negative form-

  • Henry will not have run by ten o'clock. (हेनरी दस बजे तक नहीं दौड़ चुका होगा।)
  • You will not have left for London by the time she is back. (जब तक वह वापस आएगी तब तक आप लंदन नहीं जा चुके होंगे।)
  • Calvin will not have gone by the time you reach there by bus. (जब तक तुम बस से वहाँ पहुँचोगे तब तक केल्विन नहीं जा चूका होगा।)
Structure of Sentences in Future Perfect Tense
Interrogative form
Will + Subject + have + Verb(3rd form) + Object?

 Examples of Interrogative from -

  • Will you have left for London by the time she is back? (क्या उसके वापस आने तक आप लंदन जा चुके होंगे?)
  • Will Calvin have gone by the time you reach there by bus? (जब तक तुम बस से वहाँ पहुँचोगे तब तक क्या केल्विन जा चुका होगा?) 
  • Will I have walked 15km by that time? ( क्या मैं उस समय तक 15 किमी चल चुका होगा?)

Look at these example sentences in the future perfect tense:

 SubjectAuxiliary Verb Auxiliary VerbMain VerbObject
Positive formwill havefinishedat 10 am.
Positive formYouwill haveforgottenmet by them.
Negative formShewillnothavegoneto school.
Negative formWewillnothaveleft. 
Interrogative formWillyou havearrived? 
Interrogative formWillthey havereceivedit?

Example of “ To arrive” in Future Perfect Tense

Affirmative/Positive formNegative formInterrogative form
I will have arrived.I won't have arrived.Will I have arrived?
You will have arrived.You won't have arrived.Will you have arrived?
He will have arrived.He won't have arrived.Will he have arrived?
We will have arrived.We won't have arrived.Will we have arrived?
They will have arrived.They won't have arrived.Will they have arrived?

Contraction With Future Perfect Tense

Generally when we use the Future Perfect Tense in Speaking, we often contract the Subject and Auxiliary Verb. Below are the examples of the same-

I will haveI'll haveI'll've
You will haveYou'll haveYou'll've

He will have

She will have

It will have

He'll have

She'll have

It'll have

He'll've

She'll've

It'll've

We will haveWe'll haveWe'll've
They will haveThey'll havethey'll've

Uses of Future Perfect Tense

Some of the uses of future Perfect Tense are-

  1. The Future Perfect Tense is used to talk about actions that will be completed by a certain future time.

Example of Use of Future Perfect Tense

Some examples of the use of future Perfect Tense are-

1. The Future Perfect Tense is used to talk about actions that will be completed by a certain future time.

  •  I will have finished my book by then.(मैं तब तक अपनी पुस्तक समाप्त कर चुका होऊंगा।।)
  • He will have left before you go to see him. (इससे पहले कि तुम उसे देखने जाओ वह निकल चुका होगा।)
  • By the end of this month, I will have worked here for five years. (इस महीने के अंत तक, मैं यहां पांच साल तक काम कर चुका होऊंगा।)

Exercise1:

Translate Future Perfect Tense sentences from English to Hindi-
ExerciseAnswers
I will have finished my homework by dinner timeमैं अपना गृहकार्य रात के खाने तक समाप्त कर लूँगा
How long will you have lived in this city next year?आप अगले साल इस शहर में कब तक रहेंगे?
By next summer, they will have built the bridge.अगली गर्मियों तक, उन्होंने पुल का निर्माण कर लिया होगा।
The plane will have taken off in two hours.विमान दो घंटे में उड़ान भर चुका होगा।
Marriam will have gone on holiday by this time next year.मरियम अगले साल इस समय तक छुट्टी पर चली जाएगी।
I will have graduated from this university in two years.मैंने दो साल में इस विश्वविद्यालय से स्नातक किया होगा।
She will have fallen asleep by the time next year.वह अगले साल तक सो चुकी होगी।
By the time I arrive from school, the math lesson will have started.जब तक मैं स्कूल से आऊँगा, तब तक गणित का पाठ समाप्त हो चुका होगा।

Exercise2:

Translate Future Perfect Tense sentences from Hindi to English-
ExerciseAnswers
हम दोपहर का भोजन करेंगे। We will have lunch.
मैंने खरीदारी कर ली होगी। I will have done the shopping.
उन्होंने टीवी देखा होगा।They will have watched TV.
आप काम पर गए होंगे।You will have gone to work.
उसने रात का खाना खा लिया होगा।He will have eaten dinner.
आपने चाय पी होगी।You will have drunk tea. 
पार्टी खत्म होने पर ऐलिस घर लौट आई होगी।Alice will have returned home when the party is over.
जब तक वह स्कूल खत्म नहीं कर लेता, तब तक अमेलिया की शादी पॉल से नहीं हुई होगी।Amelia will not have been married to paul until he finishes school. 
Related Links-
Tense ChartPresent Tense
Simple Present TensePresent Perfect Tense
Present Continuous TensePresent Perfect Continuous tense
Past TenseSimple Past tense
Past Perfect TensePast Continuous Tense
Past Perfect Continuous TenseFuture Tense
Simple Future Tense 

 

Future Perfect Tense- FAQs

Ans. The Future Perfect Tense is used to indicate/denotes an action that will take place at a Future date and time. The structure of Future Perfect Tense is Subject + will have/shall have + V3 + Object.

Ans. The structure of Future Perfect Tense is Subject + Helping verbs (will + have) + Past participle form of the main verb + the rest of the sentence

Ans. Some of the example of future perfect tense are- I will have dressed up by the time you reach home, You will have dressed up by the time they reach home, He will have dressed up by the time you reach home.

Ans. Some of the uses of future Perfect Tense are- The Future Perfect Tense is used to talk about actions that will be completed by a certain future time.

Ans. Future Perfect Tense begins with subject, then it is followed by auxiliary verb (will & have) further it continues with main verb which will be in past participle and finally ends with the object.

Important Links