Past Perfect Continuous Tense: The Past Perfect Continuous Tense is a verb form that began in the past and continues in another past. This tense is also called Past Perfect Progressive Tense. The structure of the past perfect continuous tense is formed, Subject + had + been + present participle (verb + ing)+ the rest of the sentence. Since it refers to an action or event that had been progressing until a certain point in the past.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

According to the Oxford Learner’s Dictionary, Past Perfect Continuous tense is defined as a tense form used to indicate “an action or a situation that continued for a period of time before another action or situation in the past.” 

According to the Cambridge Dictionary, the past perfect continuous tense is defined as a tense that refers to “actions or events which started before a particular time in the past and were still in progress up to that time in the past.”

Structure of Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Structure of Past Perfect Continuous Tense
TypeGeneral Formula & RuleExample
Past Perfect Continuous TenseSubject + had + been + present participle (verb + ing) + the rest of the sentenceHe had been drinking milk out the carton when Mom walked into the kitchen.

Example of Past Perfect Continuous Tense 

Some examples of Past Perfect Continuous tense are-

  • He had been drinking milk out of the carton when Mom walked into the kitchen. (वह कार्टन में से दूध पी रहा था जब माँ रसोई में चली गई।)
  • I had been working at the company for five years when I got the promotion. (मैं कंपनी में पांच साल से काम कर रहा था जब मुझे प्रमोशन मिला।)
  • Martha had been walking three miles a day before she broke her leg. (अपना पैर तोड़ने से एक दिन पहले मार्था तीन मील चल रही थी।)
  • The program that was terminated had been working well since 1945.(जो कार्यक्रम समाप्त किया गया था वह 1945 से अच्छी तरह से काम कर रहा था।)
  • Cathy had been playing the piano for 35 years when she was finally asked to do a solo with the local orchestra. (कैथी 35 वर्षों से पियानो बजा रही थी जब उसे अंततः स्थानीय ऑर्केस्ट्रा के साथ एकल करने के लिए कहा गया।)
  • He had been throwing rocks at her window for five minutes before she finally came out on the balcony and said, “Hey, Romeo.” (वह पांच मिनट तक उसकी खिड़की पर पत्थर फेंक रहा था, इससे पहले कि वह आखिरकार बालकनी से बाहर आई और कहा, "अरे, रोमियो।")

Structure of Sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Continuous Tense sentences can be in three forms, that is, Positive or Affirmative, Negative, and Interrogative sentences. Below is the structure of all three forms and examples to make you understand better.

Structure of Sentences of Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Positive/Affirmative Sentence
Subject + had been + Verb(1st form) + ing + Object( for/since/before)

Example of Positive/Affirmative Sentence-

  • I had been writing articles on various for three hours. (मैं तीन घंटे से विभिन्न पर लेख लिख रहा था।)
  • He had been reading different kinds of books since morning. (वह सुबह से तरह-तरह की किताबें पढ़ रहा था।)
  • They had been playing football on that field before it started to rain. (बारिश शुरू होने से पहले वे उस मैदान पर फुटबॉल खेल रहे थे।)
  • James had been gossiping in the coffee shop for two hours. (जेम्स कॉफी शॉप में दो घंटे से गपशप कर रहा था।)
  • Tom had been traveling around the world since the month of December. (टॉम दिसंबर के महीने से दुनिया भर में घूम रहे थे।)
Negative Sentence
Subject + had not been +Verb(1st form) + ing + Object( for/since/before)

Example of Negative Sentence-

  • They had not been playing football on that field before it started to rain. (बारिश शुरू होने से पहले वे उस मैदान पर फुटबॉल नहीं खेल रहे थे।)
  • James had not been gossiping in the coffee shop for two hours. (जेम्स कॉफी शॉप में दो घंटे से गपशप नहीं कर रहा था।)
  • Tom had not been traveling around the world since the month of December. (टॉम दिसंबर के महीने से दुनिया भर की यात्रा नहीं कर रहा था।)
  • We had not been shopping in that shop before we came home. (घर आने से पहले हम उस दुकान में खरीदारी नहीं कर रहे थे।)
Interrogative Sentence
 Had + Subject + been +Verb(1st form)+ ing + Object(for/since/before)

Example of Interrogative Sentence-

  • Had they been playing football in that field in that field before it started to rain? (क्या वे बारिश शुरू होने से पहले उस मैदान में उस मैदान में फुटबॉल खेल रहे थे?)
  • Had James been gossiping in the coffee shop for two hours? (क्या जेम्स कॉफी शॉप में दो घंटे से गपशप कर रहा था?)
  • Had tom been traveling around the world since the month of December? (क्या टॉम दिसंबर के महीने से दुनिया भर में घूम रहा था?)
  • Had we been shopping in that shop before we came home? (क्या हम घर आने से पहले उस दुकान में खरीदारी कर रहे थे?)

Tense Chart of Past Perfect Continuous Tense in Hindi

 Past
Perfect Continuous

रहा है, रही है, रहे है + समय 

Subject + has/have + been +V4+ Object + Since/for/before + Time

Example of “To buy” in Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Positive/AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative
I had been buying.I hadn't been buying.Had I been buying?
You had been buying.You hadn't been buying.Had you been buying?
She had been buyingShe hadn't been buying.Had she been buying?
We had been buying.We hadn't been buying.Had we been buying?
They had been buying.They hadn't been buying.Had they been buying?

So in nutshell, the structure of the Past Perfect Continuous Tense is as-

 SubjectAuxiliary verb Auxiliary verbMain verbPredicate
Positive formhad been working 
Positive formYouhad beenplayingtennis.
Negative formIthadnotbeenworkingwell.
Negative formWehadnotbeenexpectingher.
Interrogative formHadyou beendrinking? 
Interrogative formHadthey beenwaitinglong?

Contraction With Past Perfect Continuous Tense

I had beenI'd
You had beenYou'd

He had been

She had been

It had been

he'd been

She'd been

It'd been 

We had beenWe'd been
They had beenThey'd been

Uses of Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Some of the uses of Past Perfect Continuous Tense are

  1. We use the past perfect continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past. (Duration before something in the past).
  2. using the past perfect continuous before another action in the past is a good way to show cause and effect. (Cause of something in the past).
  3. To show an action that had been going on before another past action.

Examples of Uses of Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Some examples of Past Perfect Continuous Tense are-

1. We use the past perfect continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past. (Duration before something in the past).

For example-

  • They had been talking for over an hour before Tony arrived. (टोनी के आने से पहले वे एक घंटे से अधिक समय तक बात कर रहे थे।)
  • She had been working at that company for three years when it went out of business. (वह उस कंपनी में तीन साल से काम कर रही थी जब उसका कारोबार बंद हो गया।)

2. Using the past Perfect Continuous before another action in the past is a good way to show cause and effect. (Cause of something in the past).

For example-

  • Jason was tired because he had been jogging. (जेसन थक गया था क्योंकि वह जॉगिंग कर रहा था।)
  • Sam gained weight because he had been overeating. (सैम ने वजन बढ़ाया क्योंकि वह ज्यादा खा रहा था।)
  • Benny failed the final test because she had not been attending class. (बेनी अंतिम परीक्षा में असफल रही क्योंकि वह कक्षा में उपस्थित नहीं हो रही थी।)

3. To show an action that had been going on before another past action.  

For example-

  • Tendulkar had been playing for two hours before he was run out.(तेंदुलकर रन आउट होने से पहले दो घंटे से खेल रहे थे।)
  • He had been playing on the ground before it started raining. (बारिश शुरू होने से पहले वह मैदान पर खेल रहा था।)

Exercise1:  

Translate Past Perfect Continuous Tense sentences from English to Hindi-
ExerciseAnswer
He had been doing this for the last six years.यह काम वह पिछले छह साल से कर रहा था।
She had been making noises for 20 minutes.वह 20 मिनट से शोर कर रही थी।
It had been neighing since night.रात से ही ठिठुर रही थी।
I had been talking for an hour.मैं एक घंटे से बात कर रहा था।
We had been studying for the last 14 years.हम पिछले 14 साल से पढ़ रहे थे।
They had been doing that business for 14 months.वे उस कारोबार को 14 महीने से कर रहे थे।
You had been cheating on me for the last 5 days.तुम पिछले 5 दिनों से मुझे धोखा दे रहे थे।
Eliza had been making the clothes for years.एलिजा सालों से कपड़े बना रही थी।
The politicians had been befooling us for ages.राजनेता हमें सदियों से बेवकूफ बनाते रहे हैं।
I had been suffering from a fever since this evening.मुझे आज शाम से बुखार आ रहा था।

Exercise2: 

Translate Past Perfect Continuous Tense sentences from  Hindi to English-
ExerciseAnswer
They had been driving the car for 2 hours.वे 2 घंटे से कार चला रहे थे।
We had been developing this page for the last six weeks.हम पिछले छह सप्ताह से इस पेज को विकसित कर रहे थे।
He had been taking selfies for 4 hours.वह 4 घंटे से सेल्फी ले रहा था।
He had been raising the funds in the name of the cause since last week.वह पिछले सप्ताह से कारण के नाम पर फंड जुटा रहा था।
You had been watching Sacred Games for 12 hours.आप 12 घंटे से सेक्रेड गेम्स देख रहे थे।
Jacky had been running five miles a day before he twisted his ankle.अपने टखने को मोड़ने से पहले जैकी एक दिन में पांच मील दौड़ रहा था।
The employee that was terminated had been performing well since the last week.जिस कर्मचारी को बर्खास्त किया गया था, वह पिछले सप्ताह से अच्छा प्रदर्शन कर रहा था।
Lopa had been learning ballet for 3 years when she finally asked to perform in the annual program.लोपा 3 साल से बैले सीख रही थीं, जब आखिरकार उन्हें वार्षिक कार्यक्रम में प्रदर्शन करने के लिए कहा गया।
Related Links-
Tense ChartPresent Tense
Simple Present TensePresent Perfect Tense
Present Continuous TensePresent Perfect Continuous Tense
Past TenseSimple Past Tense
Past Perfect TensePast Continuous Tense
Past Perfect Continuous Tense- FAQs

Ans. The Past Perfect Continuous Tense is a verb form that began in the past and continues in another past. This tense is also called Past Perfect Progressive Tense. The structure of the past perfect continuous tense is formed, Subject + had + been + present participle (verb + ing)+ the rest of the sentence

Ans. The structure of the present perfect continuous tense is formed, Subject + had + been + present participle (verb + ing) + the rest of the sentence

Ans. Some of the uses of Past Perfect Continuous Tense are- We use the past perfect continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past.(Duration before something in the past), Using the past Perfect continuous before another action in the past is a good way to show cause and effect.(Cause of something in the past), To show an action that had been going on before another past action.

Ans. The points to be kept in mind when using the past perfect continuous tense is as follows: The past perfect continuous tense starts with Subject then it is followed by auxiliary verbs(had been) later it follows helping verbs and finally it ends with predicate.

Ans. Some of the examples of Past Perfect Continuous tense are- He had been drinking milk out the carton when Mom walked into the kitchen, I had been working at the company for five years when I got the promotion, Martha had been walking three miles a day before she broke her leg, The program that was terminated had been working well since 1945.

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