National Defence Academy (NDA) is the Joint Services academy of the Indian Armed Forces. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts the National Defence Academy (NDA) Exam every year. NDA is a national-level exam conducted twice a year. This is one of the most sought-after defence jobs in India to join the Defence Forces as an Officer by the male candidates. The selection into NDA is on the basis of the written test followed by the Personality Test. NDA written examination is divided into two papers namely Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT).
Check the important points of the NDA Syllabus and Exam Pattern in the table below.
|Name of the Exam||National Defence Academy (NDA)|
|Conducting Body||Union Public Service Commission, UPSC.|
|Frequency Of Exam||Twice in a Year|
|Mode of exam||Offline|
|Papers in NDA Exam||
|Total No. of Questions||
|Exam Duration||2.5 Hours For Each Paper (5 hours total)|
|Language of Question Paper||English & Hindi English Language paper has to be attempted in English.|
Before getting into the NDA Syllabus let us have a look at the NDA Exam Pattern. The mathematics paper have 120 questions of 300 marks and GAT will have English and GK Papers of 200 & 400 marks respectively.
Paper I- Mathematics
|Total Marks||300 Marks|
|Total No. of Questions||120|
|Marks awarded for Correct answer||2.5 marks|
|Marks deducted for the wrong answer||-0.83|
|Exam Duration||2.5 Hours|
Paper-II- General Ability Test
|Total Marks||600 marks|
|Total No. of Questions||150|
|No. of questions in English Section||50|
|No. Of questions in General knowledge Section||100|
|Maximum Marks for English||200 marks|
|Maximum Marks for G.K.||400 marks|
|Marks for Correct Answer||4 marks in both sections|
|Marks for Incorrect Answer||-1.33 marks in both sections|
|Exam Duration||2.5 Hours|
After clearing the written exam of NDA, candidates have to appear for the SSB Interview rounds. The pattern of NDA Interview is as mentioned below:
|NDA – SSB Interview Pattern|
|Stage 1||Screening Test||
|Stage 2||Psychological Test||
|Group Testing Officers Test||
|Personal Interview & conference||–|
After getting to know the NDA Exam Pattern it is important for the candidates to know the Syllabus of NDA Exam. The NDA Syllabus is discussed below.
The chapters covered for NDA Maths Syllabus are given in the table below.
|Algebra||Sets, Venn diagrams, De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Real numbers, Complex numbers, Modulus, Cube roots, Conversion of a number in Binary system to Decimals, and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations, Linear inequations, Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem, and Logarithms.|
|Calculus||Concept of a real-valued function, domain, range, and graph of a function. Composite functions, one-to-one, onto, and inverse functions. The notion of limit, Standard limits, Continuity of functions, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative-application. Derivatives of sum, product, and quotient of functions, a derivative of a function concerning another function, the derivative of a composite function. Second-order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima|
|Matrices and Determinants||Types of matrices, operations on matrices. Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.|
|Integral Calculus and Differential Equations||Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential, and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves—applications.Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of differential equations, solution of the first order, and first-degree differential equations of various types—examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.|
|Trigonometry||Angles and their measures in degrees and radians. Trigonometric ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.|
|Vector Algebra||Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude, and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, the addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product, or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.|
|Analytical Geometry Of Two and Three Dimension||Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. The angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and a general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a three-dimensional space, the distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. The angle between two lines and the angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.|
|Statistics and Probability||Probability: Random experiment, outcomes, and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary, and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical—examples. Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binomial distribution.|
|Matrices & Determinants||30|
The General ability test comprises two papers English and General Knowledge. The English paper consists of 200 Marks while the General Knowledge is of 400 Marks.
The question paper in English will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English. The syllabus covers various aspects like as given below:
|Topic||No. of Questions||No. of Marks|
|Ordering of Words in a Sentence||9||36|
Check the topic-wise number of questions and marks distribution in the table below.
|Topic||No. of Questions||No. of Marks|
|History & Freedom Movement||16||64|
|NDA Syllabus For Physics|
|NDA Syllabus For Chemistry|
|NDA Syllabus For General Science|
|NDA Syllabus For History|
|NDA Syllabus For Geography|
|NDA Syllabus For Current Events|
|Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in recent yearsProminent personalities of both Indian and International level, Cultural activities and sports activities, Current important world events.|
The SSB procedure consists of two stages. Only those candidates who clear written exam are permitted to appear for SSB round. The details o SSB exam are given below:
|NDA SSB Personality Test|
The various tests of IO, GTO, and Psychological are designed to bring out the presence/absence of Officer Like Qualities and their trainability in a candidate. Accordingly, candidates are Recommended or Not Recommended at the SSB.
Q1. How many stages are there in the NDA exam?
There are two stages in the NDA exam. Each stage has a subdivision you can check the details in the article.
Q2. Who many written papers in the first stage of the NDA exam?
There are two papers in the first stage of the NDA exam. Candidates have to appear for the Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT) papers.
Q3. How many sections are there in General Ability Test (GAT)?
The General Ability Test have is designed to test the general ability of the candidate. There are two sections English and General Knowledge.
Q4. What is the marks distribution in the NDA exam?
The NDA written exam is of 900 marks. The mathematics is of 300 marks whereas the GAT exam is of 600 marks.
Q5. Will UPSC conduct the NDA exam offline or online?
The UPSC is going to take the NDA exam in offline mode only.