India is the 7th largest country in the world and also the 2nd most populous. India is a diverse and culturally rich Nation which comprises 28 states and 8 Union territories, each with its own unique identity, history, and administrative centre. India lies in the southern Asia. India is governed by a parliamentary form of government. It gets very difficult to manage a large country from one place. So Indian Constitution gives the right to the central government to make states feel suitable. This article aims to provide an overview of the Indian States and their Capitals, showcasing their importance and contributions to the nation.

States and Capitals of India

Many people don't know about the total number of States / Union Territories in India and their capitals. In this article, we are giving you the latest update on the States and Capitals of India. There are a total of 28 states and 8 union territories in India at present. Each state of India has an administrative, legislative and judicial capital some states all three functions are conducted in one capital. Every state is ruled by a Chief Minister. Here we have covered the list of the Indian States, Union Territories, and their capitals.

Indian States and Capitals List

India has a total of 28 states and 8 union territories. Each state adds to India's cultural tapestry, enriching and energising the country's identity. The 28 Indian States and their capitals are as follows.

The Indian States and their Capitals
State NameCapital
Andhra PradeshAmaravati
Arunachal PradeshItanagar
AssamDispur
BiharPatna
ChhattisgarhRaipur
GoaPanaji
GujaratGandhinagar
HaryanaChandigarh
Himachal PradeshShimla
JharkhandRanchi
KarnatakaBengaluru
KeralaThiruvananthapuram
Madhya PradeshBhopal
MaharashtraMumbai
ManipurImphal
MeghalayaShillong
MizoramAizawl
NagalandKohima
OdishaBhubaneswar
PunjabChandigarh
RajasthanJaipur
SikkimGangtok
Tamil NaduChennai
TelanganaHyderabad
TripuraAgartala
Uttar PradeshLucknow
UttarakhandDehradun (Winter)
Gairsain (Summer)
West BengalKolkata

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Indian Union Territories and Capitals

At Present India now has 28 States and 8 Union Territories. The erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir has been bifurcated into two Union Territories (UT) of J&K and Ladakh. The newly formed union territories have been formed under a reorganization act passed by the Parliament on 5-6 August 2020. At present India has 8 Union Territories.

Union Territories NameCapital
Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPort Blair
ChandigarhChandigarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & DiuDaman
DelhiNew Delhi
Jammu and KashmirSrinagar (Summer)
Jammu (Winter)
LakshadweepKavaratti
PuducherryPondicherry
LadakhLeh

Indian States with Their Specialities

Each Indian State has a unique historical and cultural background. For example, New Delhi, India's capital, has a blend of modernity and history, Iconic landmarks such as India Gate and the Istana represent the country's past difficulties as well as its future hopes. Mumbai, the state capital of Maharashtra, is the country's financial and entertainment epicentre, as well as the home of Bollywood and India's largest stock exchange.

Indian States with their Specialities
Indian StatesSpecialisation
Andhra PradeshAndhra Pradesh is known for its spicy cuisine, historical sites like Charminar and Golconda Fort in Hyderabad, and rich culture in art, music, and dance.
Arunachal PradeshArunachal Pradesh is renowned for its breathtaking landscapes, diverse tribal cultures, and the Tawang Monastery, one of the largest monasteries in India.
AssamAssam is famous for its tea plantations, Kaziranga National Park (home to the one-horned rhinoceros), Bihu dance, and traditional silk weaving.
BiharBihar is known for its historical significance, including the ancient city of Patliputra, Buddhist pilgrimage sites like Bodh Gaya, and Madhubani art.
ChhattisgarhChhattisgarh is recognized for its tribal heritage, rich mineral resources, and the Chitrakote Waterfall, often called the "Niagara of India."
DelhiDelhi is famous for iconic landmarks such as India Gate and the Istana represent the country's past difficulties as well as its future hopes.
GoaGoa is famous for its beautiful beaches, vibrant nightlife, unique blend of Indian and Portuguese cultures, and seafood cuisine.
GujaratGujarat is renowned for its industrial and business prowess, the Rann of Kutch desert, vibrant festivals like Navaratri and Diwali, and the Sabarmati Ashram associated with Mahatma Gandhi.
HaryanaHaryana is known for its agricultural productivity, being a hub for industries, and Chandigarh, a well-planned city known for its architecture and urban design.
Himachal Pradeshelebrated for its picturesque hill stations, adventure tourism, serene landscapes, and the Dalai Lama's residence in Dharamshala.
JharkhandJharkhand is rich in mineral resources, known for its tribal culture, and home to the Betla National Park.
KarnatakaKarnataka is distinguished as the "Silicon Valley of India," known for its IT industry, historical sites like Hampi, and traditional dance forms like Bharatanatyam.
KeralaKerala is famous for its backwaters, Ayurveda practices, lush greenery, and the highest literacy rate in India.
MaharashtraMaharashtra is also known as financial and entertainment capital, Bollywood film industry, historical landmarks like Gateway of India, and culinary delights like Vada Pav.
ManipurCelebrated for its traditional dance forms like Manipuri dance, Loktak Lake, and vibrant festivals.

States and Capitals of India Map

You can check the latest political map of India which provides the total number of states and union territories in India and their capitals at present.

states-and-capitals-map
Image Source: https://www.mapsofindia.com

States and Capitals of India- River Map

Based on their source, the Indian River system is classified into - Himalayan Rivers and Peninsular Rivers. The Himalayan Rivers originate from the Himalayas and flow through the Northern Plains whereas Peninsular River System or Peninsular Drainage emerges mainly from the Western Ghats.

The major Himalayan River systems are The Indus River System, The Ganga River System, The Yamuna River System, and The Brahmaputra River System.

The major Peninsular River Systems are Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, and Cauvery.

Image Source: https://www.mapsofindia.com

States, UTs and Capitals of India: Important Points

After getting the list of Indian States & Union Territories with their capitals, let us first understand how to segregate a state from a union territory. Out of the eight union territories in India, three union territories have their own legislatures these are Delhi, Puducherry (formerly Pondicherry) and Jammu and Kashmir. Each union territory and state has a capital of its own.

States and Capitals of India
StateUnion Territories
The state has its own administrative units with their own elected government.Union Territories are constituent units which are controlled and administered by the Central Government.
Executive Head is the GovernorExecutive Head is the President
The relationship with the Centre is Federal.Unitary with the Centre. i.e. all the powers rests in the hands of Union.
Administered by the Chief Minister and elected by the people.Administered by the Administrator which is appointed by the President. ( except Delhi, Puducherry and Jammu & Kashmir)
Chief Minister is the real head.The lieutenant is the real head.

Latest Updates

Before we get into the Union Territories and their capitals, let us first have a look at the recent updates on UTs.

Since 26th January 2020, India had 8 union territories. The U.T Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli have become a single union territory.

On August 5, the central government had also announced the abrogation of the special status given to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 and its division into two Union Territories i.e. UTs of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh.

With the merger of Daman and Diu, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli, the number of UT's have come down to eight.

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As responsible citizens, we should know about the states and capitals of India. The states and capitals are very commonly asked as the General Awareness Questions in a number of competitive exams held all over the country.

Also Check
Important Days and DatesGeneral Knowledge (GK) 2024 Notes
Current Affairs 2024Latest Government Jobs 2024

 

States and Capitals 2024- FAQs

Ans. India is a union of 28 states and 8 union territories in the country.

Ans. There are 8 union territories in India at present.

Ans. Daman and Diu is merged with Dadar and Nagar Haveli.

Ans. Jammu and Kashmir is bifurcated into Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh Union Territories.

Ans. New Delhi is the capital of India.

Ans. Lieutenant Governor is the head of the Union Territory.

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