States and Capitals of India

Many people don't know Indian States' name and their capitals. In this article, we are giving you a brief idea about the Indian states and Capitals. There are 28 states and 8 union territories in India at present. Each state of India has an administrative, legislative and judicial capital some states all three functions are conducted in one capital. Every state is ruled by a Chief Minister. Here we have covered the list of the Indian States, Union Territories, and their capitals.  This article aims to provide an overview of the Indian States and their Capitals, showcasing their importance and contributions to the nation.


Indian States and their Capitals

India has a total of 28 states and 8 union territories. Each state adds to India's cultural tapestry, enriching and energising the country's identity. The complete list of 28 Indian States and their capitals along with the Chief Ministers are as follows.

Indian States and Capital List
S.NOStateCapitalChief Minister
1Andhra PradeshAmaravatiN. Chandrababu Naidu
2Arunachal PradeshItanagarPema Khandu
3AssamDispurHimanta Biswa Sarma
4BiharPatnaNitish Kumar
5ChhattisgarhRaipurVishnu Deo Sai
6 GoaPanajiPramod Sawant
7GujaratGandhinagarBhupendra Patel
8HaryanaChandigarhNayab Singh Saini
9Himachal PradeshShimlaSukhvinder Singh Sukhu
10JharkhandRanchiChampai Soren
12KeralaThiruvananthapuramPinarayi Vijayan
13Madhya PradeshBhopalMohan Yadav
14MaharashtraMumbaiEknath Shinde
15ManipurImphalN. Biren Singh
16MeghalayaShillongConrad Kongkal Sangma
18NagalandKohimaNeiphiu Rio
19OdishaBhubaneswarMohan Charan Manjhi
20PunjabChandigarhBhagwant Singh Mann
21RajasthanJaipurBhajan Lal Sharma
22SikkimGangtokPS Golay
23Tamil NaduChennaiM. K. Stalin
24TelanganaHyderabadAnumula Revanth Reddy
25TripuraAgartalaDr. Manik Saha
26Uttar PradeshLucknowYogi Aditya Nath
27UttarakhandDehradunPushkar Singh Dhami
28West BengalKolkataMamata Banerjee

Indian Union Territories and Capitals

At Present India now has 8 Union Territories. The erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir has been bifurcated into two Union Territories (UT) of J&K and Ladakh. The newly formed union territories have been formed under a reorganization act passed by the Parliament on 5-6 August 2020.

Union Territories NameCapital
Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPort Blair
Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & DiuDaman
DelhiNew Delhi
Jammu and KashmirSrinagar (Summer)
Jammu (Winter)

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States and Capitals of India Map

You can check the latest political map of India which provides the total number of states and union territories in India and their capitals at present.

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Indian States with their Specialities

Each Indian State has a unique historical and cultural background. For example, New Delhi, India's capital, has a blend of modernity and history, Iconic landmarks such as India Gate and the Istana represent the country's past difficulties as well as its future hopes. Mumbai, the state capital of Maharashtra, is the country's financial and entertainment epicenter, as well as the home of Bollywood and India's largest stock exchange.

Indian StatesSpecialisation
Andhra PradeshAndhra Pradesh is known for its spicy cuisine, historical sites like Charminar and Golconda Fort in Hyderabad, and rich culture in art, music, and dance.
Arunachal PradeshArunachal Pradesh is renowned for its breathtaking landscapes, diverse tribal cultures, and the Tawang Monastery, one of the largest monasteries in India.
AssamAssam is famous for its tea plantations, Kaziranga National Park (home to the one-horned rhinoceros), Bihu dance, and traditional silk weaving.
BiharBihar is known for its historical significance, including the ancient city of Patliputra, Buddhist pilgrimage sites like Bodh Gaya, and Madhubani art.
ChhattisgarhChhattisgarh is recognized for its tribal heritage, rich mineral resources, and the Chitrakote Waterfall, often called the "Niagara of India."
DelhiDelhi is famous for iconic landmarks such as India Gate and the Istana representing the country's past difficulties as well as its future hopes.
GoaGoa is famous for its beautiful beaches, vibrant nightlife, unique blend of Indian and Portuguese cultures, and seafood cuisine.
GujaratGujarat is renowned for its industrial and business prowess, the Rann of Kutch desert, vibrant festivals like Navaratri and Diwali, and the Sabarmati Ashram associated with Mahatma Gandhi.
HaryanaHaryana is known for its agricultural productivity, being a hub for industries, and Chandigarh, a well-planned city known for its architecture and urban design.
Himachal Pradeshelebrated for its picturesque hill stations, adventure tourism, serene landscapes, and the Dalai Lama's residence in Dharamshala.
JharkhandJharkhand is rich in mineral resources, known for its tribal culture, and home to the Betla National Park.
KarnatakaKarnataka is distinguished as the "Silicon Valley of India," known for its IT industry, historical sites like Hampi, and traditional dance forms like Bharatanatyam.
KeralaKerala is famous for its backwaters, Ayurveda practices, lush greenery, and the highest literacy rate in India.
MaharashtraMaharashtra is also known as financial and entertainment capital, Bollywood film industry, historical landmarks like Gateway of India, and culinary delights like Vada Pav.
ManipurCelebrated for its traditional dance forms like Manipuri dance, Loktak Lake, and vibrant festivals.

Important Points Related to Indian States

After getting the list of Indian States & Union Territories with their capitals, let us first understand how to segregate a state from a Union territory. Out of the eight union territories in India, three union territories have their own legislatures these are Delhi, Puducherry (formerly Pondicherry) and Jammu and Kashmir. Each union territory and state has a capital of its own.

States and Capitals of India
StateUnion Territories
The state has its own administrative units with their own elected government.Union Territories are constituent units which are controlled and administered by the Central Government.
The Executive Head is the GovernorThe Executive Head is the President
The relationship with the Centre is Federal.Unitary with the Centre. i.e. all the powers rest in the hands of the Union.
Administered by the Chief Minister and elected by the people.Administered by the Administrator which is appointed by the President. ( except Delhi, Puducherry and Jammu & Kashmir)
The Chief Minister is the real head.The lieutenant is the real head.

Latest Updates

  • Since 26th January 2020, India had 8 union territories. The U.T Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli have merged into a single union territory. With this merger, the number of UTs has come down to eight.
  • On August 5, 2019, the central government also announced the abrogation of the special status given to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 and its division into two Union Territories i.e. UTs of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh. Ladakh got a Union Territory status officially on October 31, 2019.

India is the 7th largest country in the world and also the 2nd most populous. India is a diverse and culturally rich Nation that comprises 28 states and 8 Union territories, each with its own unique identity, history, and administrative centre. India lies in the southern Asia. India is governed by a parliamentary form of government. It gets very difficult to manage a large country from one place. So Indian Constitution gives the right to the central government to make states feel suitable. As responsible citizens, we should know about the states and capitals of India. The states and capitals are very commonly asked as the General Awareness Questions in several competitive exams held nationwide.

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States and Capitals 2024- FAQs

Ans. India is a union of 28 states and 8 union territories in the country.

Ans. There are 8 union territories in India at present.

Ans. Daman and Diu is merged with Dadar and Nagar Haveli.

Ans. Jammu and Kashmir is bifurcated into Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh Union Territories.

Ans. New Delhi is the capital of India.

Ans. Lieutenant Governor is the head of the Union Territory.

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