Countries and their National Sports and Games

Countries and National Sports/ Games: Sports are an essential part of the human race, to make sports day to day part of our life the United Nations has declared an International Day of Sport for Development and Peace on 6 April. India celebrates its National Sports Day every year on 29 August. The National Sports Day was first celebrated on 29 August 2012 on the birth anniversary of Major Dhyanchand. Most countries have their own National Game.

Countries and their National Sports/ Games

Despite hitting a milestone in the Asian, Olympics, and Commonwealth games, India doesn’t have any National Sport. We used to consider Field Hockey as our National game due to consecutive winning in the Olympics but recently Ministry of Sports and Affairs has declared that India doesn’t have any national games.

Some sports are established by a law called de jure and some sports that are not established by law are called de facto. The below-given list of de facto and de jure sports are classified in separate tables for a better understanding of aspirants who are preparing for competitive exams.

Countries and National Sports (De Jure National Sports)

De Jure national sports are those games that are established by law. A list of the National Sports that are established by law is given below in table-

CountryNational Sports/ Games
ArgentinaPato
BahamasCricket
BangladeshKabaddi
BhutanArchery
BrazilCapoeira
CanadaLacrosse (summer)
Ice hockey (winter)
ChileRodeo
ColombiaTejo
ChinaTable Tennis
IranVarzesh-e Bastani, Wrestling, Polo
MexicoCharrería
NamibiaFootball, Netball, Rugby
NepalVolleyball
PhilippinesArnis

Countries and National Sports (De facto National Sports)

De facto national sports are those games that are not established by law. List of these National Sports is given is below in table-

CountryNational Games/ Sports
AfghanistanBuzkashi
AnguillaBoat racing
Antigua and BarbudaCricket
AustriaAlpine skiing
AustraliaCricket
BermudaCricket
Basque CountryBasque pelota
BarbadosCricket
CubaBaseball
DenmarkDarts
Dominican RepublicBaseball
EnglandCricket, Association football, Rugby football, tennis
EstoniaBasketball (summer), Ice hockey (winter)
FinlandPesäpallo
GeorgiaRugby union
GrenadaCricket
GuyanaCricket
HaitiAssociation football
IndiaField Hockey (Undeclared)
IndonesiaPencak Silat
IsraelAssociation football
IrelandGaelic games
ItalyPalio, Pallone, Tamburello, Bocce
JamaicaCricket
JapanSumo
LatviaIce hockey
LithuaniaBasketball
MadagascarRugby union
MalaysiaSepak takraw
MauritiusAssociation football
MongoliaArchery, Mongolian wrestling, Horse racing
New ZealandRugby union
NorwayCross-country skiing
PakistanField hockey
Papua New GuineaRugby league
PeruPaleta Frontón
PhilippinesSipa
RomaniaOina
RussiaBandy
ScotlandGolf
SerbiaBasketball
SloveniaAlpine skiing
South AfricaRugby union
SpainFootball
Sri LankaVolleyball
TajikistanGushtigiri
TaiwanBaseball
TurkeyOil wrestling & Cirit
Turks and Caicos IslandsCricket
United StatesBaseball
VenezuelaBaseball
WalesRugby union

The list mentioned above contains all the important National Sports of their respective countries. Refer to this list if you are preparing for any competitive exam whether it is Bank, SSC, Railway.  The question from the national game of India and other countries can be asked in the General knowledge or General Awareness section of Competitive exams. The National sports of countries are easy to remember and one can easily fetch some extra marks by these types of questions. Check the frequently asked questions below to know the names of some important countries National sports.

Countries and their National Sports/ Games

Cricket is the national game of which country?

Cricket is the national game of Australia, England, Bahamas and some other countries.

What is the national sports of India?

Field Hockey is considered as the national sports of India but officially it is not declared.