A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles without closing the way underneath such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle. India is well known as the land of rivers, to tackle all the obstacles laid down by the rivers we have constructed many bridges. Some of them are road, some are rail-cum-road and many are magnificent work of engineers of India. India has some of the best structure of bridges above water and amazing list of railway bridges in the world. Bridges are considered the critical component of a nation's infrastructure. It increases the cash flow when they join two places that complement each other economically.
Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge is the longest bridge in India, over the River Brahmaputra, in Assam. The 9.15 Km long river bridge was inaugurated by Prime Narendra Modi, in 2020. Here, is the list of top 10 longest bridges in India.
|1||Dhola Sadiya bridge||9.15 Km||2017||Road||Assam and Arunachal Pradesh||Lohit River, Tinsukia, Assam|
|2||Dibang River Bridge||6.2 Km||2018||Road||Arunachal Pradesh||Dibang River|
|3||Mahatma Gandhi Setu||5.75 Km||1982||Road||South Patna to Hajipur||Ganga, Patna, Bihar|
|4||Bandra-Worli Sea Link (BWSL)||5.57 Km||2009||Road||Bandra to Worli (South Mumbai)||Mahim Bay, Mumbai|
|5||Bogibeel Bridge||4.94 Km||2018||Rail cum road||Dhemaji to Dibrugarh||Brahmaputra River, Assam|
|6||Vikramshila Setu||4.70 Km||2001||Road||Bhagalpur to Naugachia||Ganga, Bhagalpur, Bihar|
|7||Vembanad Rail Bridge||4.62 Km||2011||Rail-cum-road||Edappally to Vallarpadam||Vembanad Lake, Kochi, Kerala|
|8||Digha–Sonpur Bridge||4.55 Km||2016||Rail-cum-Road||Digha, Patna to Sonpur, Saran||Ganga, Patna, Bihar|
|9||Arrah–Chhapra Bridge||4.35 Km||2017||Road||Arrah to Chhapra||Ganga, Saran, Bihar|
|10||Godavari Bridge||4.13 Km||2015||Rail cum Road||Kovvur to Rajahmundry||Godavari river, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh|
Dhola Sadiya bridge also known as the Bhupen Hazarika Setu. Dhola Sadiya Bridge is over the mighty Brahmaputra is become the India’s longest bridges above water. The 9.15 km long bridge connects Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It reduce the distance between the Assam and Arunachal Pradesh by 165 Km and cut down the travel time by 5 hours.
Dibang River also known as the Sikang Bridge. Dibang River Bridge across Dibang river in Arunachal Pradesh is the second longest road bridge in India, after Bhupen Hazarika Setu and followed by Mahatma Gandhi Setu. It is 6.2 Km long. It is very important bridge for strategical reason, as it helps Indian Army to reach China border in less time.
Mahatma Gandhi Setu was the third longest river bridge in India, over the river Ganges connecting Patna in the south to Hajipur. It is 5750 meters long river bridge one of the major tourist attraction of the state. It was inaugurated by then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1982. It was the longest bridge for many years before the Dibang Bridge was inaugrated.
Bandra Worli Sea Link or Rajiv Gandhi Sea Link is the fourth longest bridge above water in India. It is a master piece build in India. The Bandra Worli Sea Link is a bridge that links Bandra in the Western Suburbs of Mumbai with Worli in South Mumbai. It is a cable stayed bridge with pre stressed concrete steel viaducts on either side. The 5.57 long bridge is a part of the proposed Western Freeway
Bogibeel bridge is a combined road and rail bridge over the Brahmaputra river between Dhemaji and Dibrugarh districts in Assam. Bogibeel river bridge is the longest rail cum road bridge in India measuring 4.94 km. As it is situated in an earthquake-prone area it is India's first bridge to have fully welded steel concrete support beams that can withstand earthquakes of magnitudes up to 7 on the Richter Scale. It is Asia’s 2nd longest rail cum road bridge and has a serviceable period of around 120 years.
Vikramshila Setu is a bridge across the Ganges, near Bhagalpur in the Indian state of Bihar named after the ancient Mahavihara of Vikramashila which was established by King Dharmapala. Vikramshila Setu is 5th longest bridge over water in India. The 4.7 km long two lane bridge runs from Barari Ghat to Naugachia.
Vembanad Rail Bridge is a rail connecting Edappally and Vallarpadam in Kochi, Kerala. With a total length of 4,620 metres, it is the longest railway bridge in India. The railway line is dedicated solely for freight trains. The Vembanad Rail Bridge is the most beautiful bridge in Kerala. This bridge lets only 15 trains to pass each day. Vembanad Lake is the longest lake in India and the largest lake of Kerala and is also ranked as one of the largest Indian lakes that is famous as the host of the traditional sports, Nehru Trophy Snake Boat Race.
Digha Sonpur Rail Road Bridge is also known as J.P Setu. Digha Sonpur rail road Bridge is recently completed bridge across river Ganges,connecting Digha Ghat and Pahleja Ghat in Bihar. The rail cum road bridge provides easy roadway and railway link between northern and southern parts of Bihar. The bridge 4.55 km long roadway and railway link bridge is second railway bridge in Bihar, inaugurated on 3 February 2016.
Arrah Chhapra Bridge is also known as Veer Kunwar Singh Setu is the multi span bridge across the Ganges river connecting Arrah and Chhapra of Bihar. Veer Kunwar Singh bridge was opened for public use on 11 June 2017. Arrah Chhapra Bridge reduced the distance between Chapra and Arrah from 130 km to 40 km. This has greatly reduce the distance of Arrah, Aurangabad and Bhabhua districts from Siwan, Chhapra and Gopalganj districts.
The Godavari Fourth Bridge also known as Kovvur–Rajahmundry 4th Bridge is built across Godavari River in Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh. This bridge was constructed, to reduce road distance between Kolkata & Chennai by at least 150 kilometres. This dual bridge connects Kovvur in West Godavari district to Diwancheruvu Junction in Rajamahendravaram in East Godavari district via Katheru, Konthamuru, Palacherla areas in Rajamahendravaram City.
Q 1. Which is the longest bridge in India?
Ans. Dhola Sadiya bridge (Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge) is the longest bridge in India.
Q 2. Which is the longest rail cum road bridge in India?
Ans. Bogibeel Bridge is the longest rail cum road bridge in India.
Q 3. What is the length of longest bridge in India?
Ans. 9.15 Km is the length of longest bridge in India.
Q 4. What is the length of longest rail cum road bridge in India?
Ans. 4.94 Km is the length of longest rail cum road bridge in India.
Q 5. Which is the second longest bridge in India?
Ans. Dibang River Bridge is the second longest bridge in India.