Indian Nobel Prize Winners from 1913 to 2022

Nobel Prize Winners from India: Nobel Prize is one of the most recognized awards in the world and many Indian has been acknowledged with this prestigious award which is usually offered in six different fields, that is Literature, Physics, Chemistry, Economic Sciences, Peace and Physiology, or Medicine. The awardee of this honor are called Laureates and are given a gold medal, a diploma, and a monetary award. This article discusses the contribution of those handfuls of Indians who contributed their whole life to the well beginning of humankind. In respect of gratitude and honors, they have been awarded the Nobel Prize in different fields. Before directly jumping to know about the list of Winners of the Nobel Prize from India, Let us know about the History of the Nobel Prize, Nobel Prize Insignia, etc. Below is the full list of Indian Nobel Prize Winners from 1913 to 2022.

Indian Nobel Prize Winners List

The Nobel Prize is honored in memory of Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel and was started in the year 1901. It is usually conferred to those people who have brought the greatest benefit to mankind.  The First Indian to win this prestigious award was Rabindranath Tagore, he won this in the year 1913 for his profoundly sensitive, fresh, and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West. Below is the list of Nobel prize winners from 1913 to 2022.

Indian Nobel Prize Winners List from 1913 to 2022
S.No.Nobel Prize Recipients CategoryYear
1.Rabindranath TagoreLiterature 1913
2.CV RamanPhysics1930
3.Har Gobind KhuranaMedicine1968
4.Mother TeresaPeace1979
5.Subrahmanyan ChandrasekharPhysics1983
6.Amartya SenEconomics1998
7.Venkatraman RamakrishnanChemistry2009
8.Kailash SatyarthiPeace2014
9.Abhijit BanerjeeEconomics2019

Nobel Prize 2022 Winners List-Click to Check

History of The Nobel Prize

Nobel Prize is named after a well-known chemist, engineer, and inventor Alfred Nobel. He was born in Stockholm, Sweden. According to the Alfred Nobel Will 1895, noble prizes are conferred in five separate areas Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace, to those who have best severed humankind during the preceding years. He died in the year 1896, in his will he passed on his asset to be used for the establishment of prizes which are named “Nobel Prizes”. The Nobel prize was first awarded in the year 1901. In 1968, a central bank of Sweden, that is, Sveriges Riksbank funded the establishment of the Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences. From then onwards, Nobel Prizes are awarded in six different fields.

Nobel Prize Insignia

The awardee of The Noble Prize awarded is conferred with three things- a medal, a diploma, and award money. These medals and diplomas are designed and created by Swedish and Norwegian artists.  

Nobel Prize Winners from India

Below we are sharing the Indian Nobel Prize Winner list from 1903 to 2022 in detail.

Indian Nobel Prize Winner 2019- Abhijit Banerjee

An Indian-American economist Abhijit Banerjee was born on February 21, 1961, in Dhule (India). He is awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with his wife Esther Duflo and Harvard University’s Michel Kremer. He is currently serving at MIT as an international Professor of Economics. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, which awarded the Nobel Prize, commented “These winners of the 2019 Economics Prize have produced research that significantly improves our ability to fight global poverty”.

YearRecipient CategoryPurpose
2019  Abhijit BanerjeeNobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences "for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty".

Indian Nobel Prize Winner 2014- Kailash Satyarthi 

Kailash Satyarthi was born in Madhya Pradesh and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 for his “struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”. He is an activist who has dedicated his whole life to children’s rights and education spotlight, battling corporates for their use of child labor. He is the person who has brought children’s right to education to the spotlight through his work with UNESCO. He has shared this prestigious award with Young Pakistani Education Activist Malala Yousafzai.

YearRecipientCategoryPurpose
2014Kailash Satyarthi Nobel Peace Prize “ for the struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”. 

Indian Nobel Prize Winner 2009- Venkatraman Ramakrishnan 

Indian-born American-British structural biologist Venkatraman Ramakrishnan was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2009 along with Thomas A. Steitz and Ada E. Yonath, he has been awarded for his work in “studies of the structure and function of the ribosome”. The Nobel Prize for Chemsitry is given by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

YearRecipientCategoryPurpose
 2009Venkatraman Ramakrishnan Nobel Prize in Chemistry“studies of the structure and function of the ribosome”

Indian Nobel Prize Winner 1998- Amartya Sen

In 1998, Amartya Sen was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences “for his contributions to welfare economics”. He was born in Manikganj (British India) Sen studied economics and taught the subject in many reputed institutions in both the US and the United Kingdom. One of the greatest Indian Nobel Prize winners, his research papers on economics and social justice, theories of famines, and welfare economics earned him much recognition and many awards including the Nobel Memorial Prize in 1998.

YearRecipientCategoryPurpose
1998Amartya SenNobel Prize in Economic Sciences “for his contributions to welfare economics”

Indian Nobel Prize Winner 1983- Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar in 1983 for “his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars”. He is the nephew of another Nobel Laureate, Sir CV Raman. S. Chandrasekhar is an Indian-American mathematician. His invention relates to the establishment of the physical process involved in the evolution of stars. The upper limit of a dwarf's mass was determined by him what is called as Chandrashekar Limit.

YearRecipientCategoryPurpose
1983Subrahmanyan ChandrasekharNobel Prize in Physics "for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars”.

Indian Nobel Prize Winner 1979- Mother Teresa 

Mother Teresa was the first Indian woman to win the Noble Prize in the category of Peace in 1979. She was born in the Republic of Macedonia. At the age of 19, she moved to India She spent the rest of her life here as a Roman Catholic nun and as a missionary serving the “poorest of the poor” in slums in the city. Her humanitarian work led to the establishment of Missionaries of Charity.  

YearRecipientCategoryPurpose
1979Mother Teresa Nobel Peace Prize“for Humanitarian Work”

Indian Nobel Prize Winner 1968- Har Gobind Khurana

Har Gobind Khurana was awarded Nobel Physics for Physiology or Medicine in the year 1968 along with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley “for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis”. H.G. Khurana is an Indian-American Biochemist. His research work relates to the synthesis of functional genes outside the living organism. 

YearRecipientCategoryPurpose
1968  Har Gobind KhuranaNobel Physics for Physiology or Medicine“for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis”

Indian Nobel Prize Winner 1930- CV Raman

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman or CV Raman is recognized for Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930 “for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him”. His discovery is also referred to as the "Raman Effect” – the phenomenon of change in wavelength in light rays that are deflected – is a path-breaking milestone in the understanding of physics. He is among the greatest Nobel Prize winners in India.

YearRecipientCategoryPurpose
1930   CV RamanNobel Prize for Physics“for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him”.

Indian Nobel Prize Winner 1913- Rabindranath Tagore

One of India's most celebrated poets, musicians, and painters, Rabindranath Tagore was conferred with this dignified ward in 1913 in the field of Literature for “his profoundly sensitive, fresh, and beautiful verse”. Often called Bard of Bengal and Gurudev, Tagor is one of India's most dignified figures in India. He was also the first Indian to win Nobel Prize.

YearRecipientCategoryPurpose
1913  Rabindranath TagoreNobel Prize for Literature"for his profoundly sensitive, fresh, and beautiful verse”

 

Indian Nobel Prize Winners-FAQs

Ans. In 1913, Rabindranath Tagore became the first Indian to won the Nobel Prize in the field of Literature for his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West.

Ans. Mother Teresa was the first Indian woman to win Noble Peace Prize in 1979. She founded the missionaries of charity in 1950. She was also awarded Raman Magsaysay Peace Prize in 1962.

Ans. Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was the first Indian to receive the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930. He was awarded for his discovery of a new radiation effect. The effect is termed as 'Raman effect'

Ans. In 1968 Khorana was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Marshall W. Nirenberg of Cornell University and Robert W Holley of the National Institutes of Health. They were awarded for their elucidation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis.

Ans. Amartya Sen became the first Indian economist to won Nobel Prize in 1998 for his contributions to welfare economics.

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