Asian Countries List

About Asia: Asia is the world's largest continent in terms of land and population. It occupies an area of about 44,579,000 ²km (17,212,000 sq mi) which is about 30% of Earth's total land area and 8.7% of Earth's total surface area. Asia is segregated from Europe by the Ural mountain. The Asian continent has long been home to the majority of the human population. Even the first civilization of the world started in Asia. This continent constitutes roughly 60% of the world's population. 

The geographical location of Asia: Asia is located principally in the northern and eastern hemispheres of the globe. Asia is surrounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean, and on the north by the Arctic Ocean. Asia shares a physical border with Europe (a member of the same landmass) through the Ural Mountains and across the Caspian Sea, and it connects to Africa via the Isthmus of Suez.

List of Asian Countries and Capital

According to United Nations, there is a total of 48 countries in Asian countries. With an area of more than 17 million km², Russia is among the largest country in Asia occupying an area of 13 million km² (77% of Asia). China is the second-largest Asian country is with an area of 9.6 million km². The smallest among all the Asian countries is the island nation of Maldives with 298 km². Here is the list of Asian countries with their Capital and Currency.

List of Asian Countries & Capital
Asian CountriesCapitalCurrency
AfghanistanKabulAfghan afghani
ArmeniaYerevanArmenian dram
AzerbaijanBakuAzerbaijani manat
BahrainManamaBahraini dinar
BangladeshDhakaTaka
BhutanThimphuBhutanese ngultrum
BruneiBandar Seri BegawanBrunei dollar
CambodiaPhnom PenhCambodian riel
ChinaBeijingRenminbi (Yuan)
CyprusNicosiaEuro
GeorgiaTbilisiLari
IndiaNew DelhiIndian rupee
IndonesiaJakartaRupiah
IranTehranIranian rial
IraqBaghdadIraqi dinar
IsraelJerusalemIsraeli new shekel
JapanTokyoYen
JordanAmmanJordanian dinar
KazakhstanNur-SultanKazakhstani tenge
KuwaitKuwait CityKuwaiti dinar
KyrgyzstanBishkekKyrgyzstani som
LaosVientianeLao kip
LebanonBeirutLebanese pound
MalaysiaKuala LumpurRinggit
MaldivesMaleMaldivian rufiyaa
MongoliaUlaanbaatarMongolian togrog
Myanmar (formerly Burma)NaypyidawKyat
NepalKathmanduNepalese rupee
North KoreaPyongyangNorth Korean won
OmanMuscatOmani rial
PakistanIslamabadPakistani rupee
PalestineJerusalem (East)Palestine pound
PhilippinesManilaPhilippine peso
QatarDohaQatari riyal
Russia (Asia + Europe)MoscowRussian ruble
Saudi ArabiaRiyadhSaudi riyal
SingaporeSingaporeSingapore dollar
South KoreaSeoulSouth Korean won
Sri LankaSri Jayawardenepura KotteSri Lankan rupee
SyriaDamascusSyrian pound
Taiwan (Recognized by 13 UN countries)TaipeiNew Taiwan dollar
TajikistanDushanbeSomoni
ThailandBangkokBaht
Timor-LesteDiliUS dollar
TurkeyAnkaraTurkish lira
TurkmenistanAshgabatTurkmen new manat
United Arab EmiratesAbu DhabiUAE Dirham
UzbekistanTashkentUzbekistan som
VietnamHanoiDong
YemenSana’aYemeni rial

Top 10 Asian Countries in Terms of Area

As the earth is a dynamic planet its boundaries are continuously changing. About 71% of the earth's surface is covered with water and the remaining 29% is covered by landmass. In terms of area, Russia is the largest country in Asia with 17,125,000 ²km. The list of top 10 Asian countries in terms of area are-

Top 10 Asian Countries in Terms of Area
Asian CountriesArea covered
Russia17,125,000 ²km
Canada9,984,670 ²km
China9,572,900 ²km
United States of America9,525,067 ²km
Brazil8,515,767 ²km
Australia7,692,202 ²km
India3,166,391 ²km
Argentina2,780,400 ²km
Kazakhstan2,724,900 ²km
Algeria2,381,741 ²km

Top 10 Asian Countries By Population

Asia has the majority of people, it constitutes up to 60% global population. China and India are the two countries which are most populated nations in Asia. In terms of population, China is the largest country in Asia with 1.37 billion population. The top 10 most populous nations are: 

Top 10 Asian Countries By Population
Asian CountriesPopulation
China1.37 billion
India1.299 billion
Indonesia255.46 million
Pakistan191.78 million
Bangladesh158.76 million
Japan 126.89 million
The Philippines102.96 million
Vietnam91.81 million
Iran78.77 million
Turkey78.21 million

Asian Countries and Regions

Physiographically, Asian countries are divided into six geographical regions. The six geographical regions of Asian countries are, namely, Northern Asia, Western Asia, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, and Southeast Asia. Here is the list of Asian countries and Regions with their capital and Population. 

Asian Countries and Regions
RegionsAsian CountriesPopulations
Northern AsiaRussia (Siberia)146,085,586 
Western AsiaArmenia2,963,243
Azerbaijan10,139,177
Bahrain1,701,575
Cyprus1,207,359
Georgia3,989,167
Iran83,992,949
Iraq40,222,493
Israel8,655,535
Jordan10,203,134
Kuwait4,270,571
Lebanon6,825,445
Oman5,106,626
Qatar2,881,053
Saudi Arabia34,813,871
State of Palestine5,101,414
Syria17,500,658
Turkey84,339,067
United Arab Emirates9,890,402
Jordan10,203,134
Kuwait4,270,571
Oman5,106,626
Qatar2,881,053
Saudi Arabia34,813,871
State of Palestine5,101,414
Syria17,500,658
Turkey84,339,067
United Arab Emirates9,890,402
Yemen29,825,964
Central AsiaKazakhstan18,776,707
Kyrgyzstan6,524,195
Tajikistan9,537,645
Turkmenistan6,031,200
Uzbekistan33,469,203
East AsiaChina1,439,323,776
China, Hong Kong SAR7,496,981
China, Macao SAR649,335
Japan126,476,461
North Korea25,778,816
South Korea51,269,185
Mongolia3,278,290
Taiwan23,816,775
South AsiaAfghanistan38,928,346
Bangladesh164,689,383
Bhutan771,608
India1,380,004,385
Maldives540,544
Nepal29,136,808
Pakistan220,892,340
Sri Lanka21,413,249
Southeast AsiaBrunei Darussalam437,479
Cambodia16,718,965
Indonesia273,523,615
Lao PDR7,275,560
Malaysia32,365,999
Myanmar (Burma)54,409,800
Philippines109,581,078
Singapore5,850,342
Thailand69,799,978
Timor-Leste (East Timor)1,318,445
Vietnam97,338,579

 

Asian Countries- FAQs

Ans. As per the recent data, there are 51 Asian countries.

Ans. The top 3 countries in terms of area are- Russia, Canada and China.

Ans. The top 3 countries in terms of population are- China, India and Indonesia.

Ans. The six geographical regions of Asian countries are, namely, Northern Asia, Western Asia, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, and Southeast Asia.

Ans. The countries covered under southern Asian countries are- Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka.

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